The influenza has already met Maryland and killed two people so far this season. Nearly a dozen more have been…
The influenza has already met Maryland and killed two people so far this season. Nearly a dozen more have been hospitalized. Doctors urge people to take precautionary measures, such as being vaccinated, so that they do not end up being such a statistic.
Dr. Jawad Saade, a family medicine doctor at the University of Maryland Baltimore Washington Medical Center, tells you all you need to know about the flu.
What is the flu and how do you get it?
] Influenza, commonly known as “flu”, is a contagious respiratory disease that is most commonly caused by influenza A or B virus. It is transmitted via air drops released by the infected person by sneezing, coughing or talking, which is ultimately communicated by inhalation, either directly or indirectly, to another’s mouth, nose, eyes or lungs.
What is flu symptoms?
People catching the flu may develop any or all of the following symptoms: fever, headache, muscle disease or body aches, fatigue, coughing, throat throat, runny nose. Some people may develop vomiting and diarrhea, although this is more common in children than adults.
How does a person feel that they have flu and not cold?
The influenza manifestation, as opposed to the cold, is more abrupt and fast. Fever, chills, body aches, fatigue, weakness and headache are usually more common in people who get him flu. Nasal loading and sore throat are more common in people who experience colds.
What precautions can people take to prevent influenza?
The most important prevention step is to get an annual influenza vaccine. Another preventive measure is to avoid close contact with people who already have flu. If you are around people who have been infected with the flu virus, wear a mask if possible. Avoid touching the eyes, nose and mouth and wash your hands frequently with soap and water or alcohol-based hands-on. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that people who are ill with flu-like disease stay at home for at least 24 hours after the fever is gone without being on fever-reducing medication.
Who will receive flu vaccine? Are there any patient populations that can not be vaccinated?
Influenza vaccine, recommended by the advisory committee on immunization practices, is recommended to all persons 6 months of age and older, including pregnant women.
Influenza vaccine is particularly important for some people who are at higher risk of developing serious flu-like complications than others if they become ill, including children between six months and four years, people aged 50 and elderly and other nursing homes pregnant women and persons with chronic heart, lung, liver, kidney, endocrine diseases and people taking drugs that reduce their immunity, such as steroids, immunosuppressive and chemotherapeutic drugs.
People who are not recommended to take flu vaccine include children younger than six months old and people with serious life-threatening allergies to the flu vaccine or any vaccine ingredient.
People are advised to consult their physician before receiving a flu vaccine if they have or have Guillain-Barre syndrome (a serious lethal disease, also known as GBS), are ill and / or have fever during the vaccination or have an allergy to eggs (mild allergy reaction like nasal congestion is not considered a contraindication for getting a flu vaccine).
How is the flu treated? When does anyone see the doctor?
The influenza virus is usually treated conservatively with bed support and lots of fluids along with appealing fever reducing drugs.
If the flu symptoms are serious, a person is at high risk of developing serious flu-like complications and / or the person has underlying chronic medical conditions, it is recommended that a physician prescribe an antiviral medicine like osetamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamavir (Relenza). If these drugs are taken within the first 48 hours after the symptoms, they may shorten the disease by a day or so and help prevent further serious complications.
It is always important to seek immediate medical attention if the following symptoms occur: rapid breathing, difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, altered skin color, fever with rash, chest pain or chest pain, sudden dizziness, confusion, severe or persistent vomiting and flu-like symptoms which improves then returns with fever and a more serious cough.
When can the flu be dangerous?
The influenza virus can become dangerous when complications such as pneumonia, bronchitis, ear infections, severe dehydration and sepsis occur. Ations also include muscle inflammation, heart disease, myocardial infarction and central nervous system problems.
How exactly is the vaccine expected to be this year?
It is not possible to predict whether the flu vaccine will be effective this year or not. Circulatory influenza virus can change from one season to the next or even during the same season and thus matching the flu vaccine can be a challenge.
Why did many people kill the flu last year?
Last year’s flu season was considered a long season, according to CDC, and was one of the worst seasons we have had in the last four decades. CDC recorded high levels of outpatient clinics and emergency departments as well as high hospitalizations and deaths. The population affected most by the flu was older, 65 years and older.
One of the main causes of the influenza season’s high difficult season was related to the fact that a new influenza B strain virus (H3N2) was circulated, which produced the vaccine did not match. As a result, the vaccine last season had a generally low effect against the specific viral strain.
This year, flu vaccines have been updated again, as it is better to match the circulating virus every year.
Can people get the flu from the vaccine or is it a common myth?