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Why the Census of the Supreme Court Census Tuesday is a big deal, and what it may mean for Ohio

The US Supreme Court on Tuesday will hear arguments in what has become a seriously disputed political debate: If the US Census Bureau is allowed to add a question that asks every US household for citizenship?A lower court has said no. The trump administration wants that decision discussed.That's why that's the case for the parties involved and part of the story.Trump administration has said statistics on where citizens and non-citizens live will help maintain voting laws, but it cannot use census information specifically for individuals."Obtaining full and accurate information to determine the citizenry population to enforce the Law of Violence is a legitimate government's purpose," said trade secretary Wilbur Ross for Congress."And I decided that the significance of that goal outweighed any reduction in self-response rates that might arise from people who violate their legal obligation to respond to decades of census."The main concern among critics is that the real reason for adding the question is to run doing wn official population numbers in areas where there are many non-citizens. California is an example.Everyone, whether legal or not, determines how many congressional members each state is assigned. Responses from individuals are monitored by privacy laws for 72 years. These factors are not what is in dispute when you add to the citizenship problem.What is in doubt is whether to add the question will get fewer people to fill out the forms or report complete information to everyone in their household.No, at least not by every American under the official number…

The US Supreme Court on Tuesday will hear arguments in what has become a seriously disputed political debate: If the US Census Bureau is allowed to add a question that asks every US household for citizenship?

A lower court has said no. The trump administration wants that decision discussed.

That’s why that’s the case for the parties involved and part of the story.

Trump administration has said statistics on where citizens and non-citizens live will help maintain voting laws, but it cannot use census information specifically for individuals.

“Obtaining full and accurate information to determine the citizenry population to enforce the Law of Violence is a legitimate government’s purpose,” said trade secretary Wilbur Ross for Congress.

“And I decided that the significance of that goal outweighed any reduction in self-response rates that might arise from people who violate their legal obligation to respond to decades of census.”

The main concern among critics is that the real reason for adding the question is to run doing wn official population numbers in areas where there are many non-citizens. California is an example.

Everyone, whether legal or not, determines how many congressional members each state is assigned. Responses from individuals are monitored by privacy laws for 72 years. These factors are not what is in dispute when you add to the citizenship problem.

What is in doubt is whether to add the question will get fewer people to fill out the forms or report complete information to everyone in their household.

No, at least not by every American under the official number of nations of the nations every 1

0 years.

What the census agency does estimates the number of citizens and non-citizens based on ongoing investigations. These surveys replaced the long form that used to go to a small proportion of households during the census period, but have not been sent out since 2000.

The citizenship problem most recently appeared on the census form sent to all US households in 1950.

But also census historian Margo Anderson points out that the citizenship problem was only about people who first reported that they were not born in the United States.

“It has never been asked by the entire population – ever” Anderson said.

Very few things are asked about each household.

The theory of reducing the census form to some basic questions – and eliminating the long form that begins

The shorter, less intrusive form, the more likely people to respond.

The volume count in 2010 asked 10 questions – covering age, gender, race, whether a person was Hispanic, household size and relationship among people in a household.

What happens if someone does not fill the census form?

The census office should try to count on people, even if they do not return a census.

This can be done by asking neighbors about the number of people living in a house or apartment. It can be done based on linking other government records to one address.

So why does it matter if someone doesn’t fill in the census form?

The cheapest and most accurate way for the census office to complete its bill is that anyone in each household should complete the census form.

There is great concern in some circles that resorting to the less accurate methods will result in an undercount. Researchers at the Census Bureau have found that adding the citizenship problem will lead to lower response rates.

What could this mean for Ohio

A sub-number among non-citizens could improve Ohio’s chances of holding 16 congressional districts, based on the new population numbers after the 2020 census.

The latest estimates from the Census Bureau say Ohio has just over 250,000 non-citizens – legal or not. It accounts for just 2 percent of the Ohio population.

By comparison, Florida has 2 million (12 percent), Texas 3 million (13 percent) and California 5.2 million (18 percent).

Ohio seems likely to fall to 15. But if fewer people are counted in states where there are many non-citizens, Ohio can hang in 16 places.

When will a decision be made?

The Supreme Court will rule Middle Summer.

Census forms must be ready to start counting in the most remote areas of Alaska in January and the rest of the country in advance of the 2020 census day on April 1.

Rich Exner data analysis editor for cleveland.com [19659047] writes about numbers on a variety of topics. Follow on Twitter @ RichExner . Find data related stories at cleveland.com/datacentral .

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