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WHO maps dangerous misuse of antibiotics

The World Health Organization warned Monday that antibiotic consumption is dangerously high in some countries while a shortage in others…

The World Health Organization warned Monday that antibiotic consumption is dangerously high in some countries while a shortage in others is spurring risky misuse, driving the emergence of deadly superbug infections.

In a first, the United Nations health agency said it had verzameld data over antibiotische gebruik over grote delen van de wereld en had grote verschillen in consumptie gevonden.

De rapportage, gebaseerd op 2015 data van 65 landen en regio’s, vertoonde een aanzienlijke verschil in consumptiecijfers vanaf zo laag als ongeveer vier -called defined daily doses (DDD) per 1,000 inhabitants per day in Burundi to more than 64 in Mongolia.

“The large difference in antibiotic use worldwide indicates that some countries are probably overusing antibiotics while other countries may not have sufficient access to

Discovered in the 1920s, antibiotics have saved tens of millions of lives by defeating bacter

But over the decades, bacteria have learned to fight back, building resistance to the same drugs that once surpassed them.

The WHO has repeatedly warned the world is running out of effective antibiotics, and last year urged governments and big pharma to create a new generation of drugs to fight ultra-resistant supergerms.

“Overuse and misuse of antibiotics are the leading causes of antimicrobial resistance,” Suzanne Hill, head of WHOs

– ‘Urgent action’ –

Bacteria can not be used to treat common infections like pneumonia, “she warned.”

“Without effective antibiotics and other antimicrobials, we will lose our ability to treat common infections like pneumonia. become resistant when patients use antibiotics they do not need, or do not complete a course of treatment, giving the half-defeated bug a chance to recover and build immunity.

Hill insisted that the findings “c “

” Resistance can occur, however, with the need to take urgent action, such as enforcing prescription-only policies, to reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics. “

Resistance can occur

WHO’s report showed large differences in antibiotic consumption even within regions.

In Europe, which provided the most complete data For the report, the average antibiotic consumption was almost 18 DDD per 1,000 inhabitants per day.

But within the region, Turkey, which ranked the highest at over 38 DDD, showed almost five times higher consumption than the lowest consumer country. Azerbaijan , which counted fewer than eight DDD.

WHO acknowledged the picture of how antibiotics are used around the world remains far from complete.

Monday’s overview, for example, includes only f

WHO stressed that many countries face major challenges in collecting reliable, and in the Asia-Pacific region.

Notably, missing from the chart are the United States, China and India. data, including lack of funds and trained staff.

Since 2016, the UN agency has been supporting data collection in 57 low- and middle-income countries in a bid to set up a standardized system for monitoring antibiotic use.

“Reliable data on antibiotic consumption is essential to help countries raise awareness of appropriate antimicrobial use,” WHO said.

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