Pompeo is heading for meetings in Mexico City with a message to leaders there about the immense caravan of immigrants:…
Pompeo is heading for meetings in Mexico City with a message to leaders there about the immense caravan of immigrants: stop them before reaching the US border.
The main questions: Will Mexico let the migrants come in? And what will happen if they do?
The wagon quickly caught the attention of world leaders as a word of its formation spread throughout the weekend. On Tuesday, US President Donald Trump had weighed in with a warning threatening to cut out aid to Honduras if the group was not reversed.
But the government’s statements, Twitter posts and even a police blockade have failed to stop the caravan. Thousands of Honduran immigrants travel through Guatemala, according to humanitarian aid groups. And hundreds travel through El Salvador on their way to Guatemala.
They plan to cross Mexico’s border in the next few days, then continue north to the United States.
Many immigrants from the caravan have begun to arrive and seek refuge, the Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement on Thursday night. And local media reports that more and more immigrants have reached the city of Guatemala, Tecun Uman, across the pivotal Suchiate River from Mexico.
A bridge across the river marks an official crossing point.
Migrants have been known to cross floods on fleets for years ̵
1; sometimes encountering authorities on the road, sometimes encountering some resistance when they slip into Mexico and continued their journey north.
In recent days, Mexican authorities have been tasked to demonstrate that they increased security near the southern border of the country. Mexico’s federal police released a video of officers who arrived at the border with Chiapas, some racing gear.
The Mexican government also released a statement on how it planned to respond:
• The person with a valid visa will be able to enter and move freely.
• Anyone wishing to be recognized as refugee or as a recipient of “supplementary protection” must do it individually. Those who do it will be held “at a relocation station” for up to 45 business days.
• The “irregular” will be “rescued and subject to a management procedure and, if appropriate, will be returned to its country of origin in a safe and orderly manner.”
The Mexican The authorities have also said that they request assistance from the UN Refugee Commissioner to treat immigrants seeking refugee status at the southern border of the country.
This appears to be a shift from past policies, where humanitarian or transit visas were issued and migrants were allowed to continue their journey north if they did not want to seek asylum in Mexico.
This past spring, when another caravan of Central American immigrants crossed into Mexico, such a policy allows the group to make it to the border with the United States.
However, there are still many unanswered questions about how this will really play when a large number of migrants arrive . It’s a very difficult situation for the Mexican government, “said Ana Maria Salazar, a former Pentagon official, now a security analyst in Mexico City.
” It is a situation that is almost impossible to solve at This time for Mexico, “Salazar told CNN an Español Thursday.
Among the factors played:
1) President Trump
Trump resented Mexico’s role Thursday and tweeted that he cares say more about the caravan than the recently renegotiated North American trade between Mexico and Canada. And he threatened to send troops to “close” the southern US border about Mexico failed to stop what he called an “attack.”
If Trump is leaving from the trade department or close the border, it would have major financial consequences for both countries. If Mexico finally broke down on the caravan, it would look like a coup for administration in the United States states – especially among Trump’s followers – and would talk about how successful efforts to build bridges with the Mexican government have been although Trump continues to brag about building a border.
But in Mexico, where protesters already marched to support them approaching Honduran migrants, spitting to the United States would not play nearly as well.
2) Migration on both sides of the border
It is important to remember that for Mexico migration is not just about people entering the country, “says Salazar.
It is also about Mexican immigrants living abroad, many of which are also documented.
“In one way or another, Mexico treats the undead immigrants from Central America on Mexico’s position in how it can criticize the US government for its treatment of unidentified Mexican immigrants in the United States,” said Salazar CNN an Español.
3) A Presidential Handoff
Mexico President Enrique Peña Nieto has previously collaborated with the United States on immigration-related issues. In recent years, Mexico has deported several US immigrants than the United States.
But Peña Nieto is a lame duck, with less than two months left in the office.
His successor Andre Manuel Lopez Obrador takes his assignment on 1 December. During a presidential debate, Lopez Obrador indicated that his administration would stop doing “dirty work” for the United States by introducing Central American migrants. He said Wednesday that his administration would offer work visa to Central American people.
“Whoever wants to work in our country will receive support, will receive a visa for work,” he said. “We will not participate in the issue only with deportations or means of violence.”
Pompeo is scheduled to meet Friday with Peña Nieto and Foreign Minister Luis Videgaray, as well as Lopez Obrador Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard.
“We are looking for concrete results,” said the state department before Pompei’s trip “and for solutions that work for both countries.”
Journalists Michelle Mendoza and Merlin Delcid contributed to this report.