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What is the UN's global compact on migration?

Image copyrightEPA Image textsAuthorities used mounted police and water cannon against some of the demonstrators in Brussels A new UN Global Migration Pact proves to be highly controversial throughout Europe. Supporters of the agreement say it will promote cooperation and improve the management of millions of immigrants, but critics fear that it will encourage more illegal migration. Protests against the Brussels agreement became violent and led to the Belgian Prime Minister, Charles Michel, who offered his departure. The reality check has looked at the details of the agreement and why it faces so much resistance. What is the UN Migration Pact? Negotiations that led to the Global Compact for safe, orderly and regular migration began in 201 6, after the arrival of over one million people to Europe. It is not legally binding and allows countries to remain responsible for their own immigration policy but undertakes to sign to improve cooperation on international migration. The covenant was agreed by all 193 members, except the United States, in July. However, at the ceremony to adopt the text on December 10, only 164 countries signed it formally. Among those who refused to accept the deal – except the United States – were Hungary, Austria, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Chile and Australia. Image copyrightReuters Image textsOver 2000 immigrants have, however, crossed the Mediterranean so far this year The report lists 23 goals for safe, orderly and regular migration. Some of the goals and policy recommendations aim at collecting better data on international migration minimizing…

 Protestors in Brussels march against the UN migration pact

Image copyright
EPA

Image texts

Authorities used mounted police and water cannon against some of the demonstrators in Brussels

A new UN Global Migration Pact proves to be highly controversial throughout Europe.

Supporters of the agreement say it will promote cooperation and improve the management of millions of immigrants, but critics fear that it will encourage more illegal migration.

Protests against the Brussels agreement became violent and led to the Belgian Prime Minister, Charles Michel, who offered his departure.

The reality check has looked at the details of the agreement and why it faces so much resistance.

What is the UN Migration Pact?

Negotiations that led to the Global Compact for safe, orderly and regular migration began in 201

6, after the arrival of over one million people to Europe.

It is not legally binding and allows countries to remain responsible for their own immigration policy but undertakes to sign to improve cooperation on international migration.

The covenant was agreed by all 193 members, except the United States, in July.

However, at the ceremony to adopt the text on December 10, only 164 countries signed it formally.

Among those who refused to accept the deal – except the United States – were Hungary, Austria, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Chile and Australia.

Image copyright
Reuters

Image texts

Over 2000 immigrants have, however, crossed the Mediterranean so far this year

The report lists 23 goals for safe, orderly and regular migration.

Some of the goals and policy recommendations aim at

  • collecting better data on international migration
  • minimizing factors forcing people to leave their own country
  • giving migrants a proof of legal identity
  • reducing vulnerabilities in migration including “the conditions they face in country of origin, transit and destination”
  • combating trafficking and trafficking

The agreement emphasizes that all immigrants have the right to universal human rights and strive to eliminate all forms of discrimination including racism, xenophobia and intolerance against migrants and their families.

The compact “confirms the sovereign right of states to determine their national migration policy”. The European Commission says that it will not have legal effects on national legal systems.

At the signing ceremony in Marrakech, Morocco, German Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel noted that illegal migration had caused significant fear in some countries, but these fears had been “used by opponents in the covenant to spread false information.”

At the same time, the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said “myths” about the agreement.

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Mediaskrift UN reaches migrant agreements – all countries were involved in negotiations except the United States

What does immigration mean in Britain?

Britain approved the deal and commended it as a way to tackle illegal migration and keep immigrants worldwide safe.

The government has been clear that the UN agreement will not change Britain’s ability to set its own migration policy.

The compact “protects each state’s right to determine its own immigration policy, including in areas such as asylum, border controls and return of illegal immigrants,” said Prime Minister Bates’s Prime Minister at the International Development Department.

However, the non-binding deal has created political tension in several countries, with politicians claiming that it will lead to more migration or eroding a country’s ability to be responsible for immigration laws.

In Britain, an online petition signed by more than 100,000 people UK did not agree.

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AFP

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More than 100,000 refugees and immigrants have arrived in Italy, Greece, Spain and Cyprus this year

What opponents think of covenant?

The UN document is a letter of intent and aims to curb migration as an economic issue, “said Susi Dennison, a leading political member of the European Council on Foreign Relations.

It was designed to “deregister migration again, but the covenant has made the opposite,” she says.

The United States was the first country to withdraw in December 2017.

A statement at that time said the agreement was incompatible with the United States sovereignty and “our decisions on immigration policy must always be made by Americans and Americans alone.”

Hungary followed in July 2018 – and at that time the Foreign Minister said: “This covenant is a threat to the world from the aspect it could inspire millions [of migrants].”

Criticism in Europe increased as the date of signing the agreement.

Former Donald Trump Adviser Steve Bannon and right-hand leader Marine Le Pen participated in an event in Belgium to oppose the covenant.

“The country that signs the covenant, obviously signs a covenant with the devil,” said Ms Le Pen.

Polish Interior Minister Joachim Brudziński has said that the covenant “may also be an incentive for illegal immigration”.

Germany supported the agreement, but faced an opposition. Alice Weidel, leader of the German Parliament for the Right Alternative to Germany (AFD), said: “In fact, illegal immigration is legalized.”

An important reason why this pact has been so concentrated debate is that immigration is a major subject in Europe, says Mr Dennison. And it will continue to be in full swing to the European Parliament in 2019.

“Resistence of the Pact emphasizes that migration is the political political issue in Europe. That’s really the division question for voters.”

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