TIFFANY YEH, M.D. (NEW YORK) – Diabetes is one of the most common chronic conditions in the U.S. Today, with…
TIFFANY YEH, M.D.
(NEW YORK) – Diabetes is one of the most common chronic conditions in the U.S. Today, with almost 30.3 million of people suffering from difficulties in managing their blood sugar.
It is the seventh leading cause of death, and the No. 1 leading cause of kidney failure, adult onset blindness, and lower limb amputation.
Most people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes, which is often associated with lifestyle choices and genetics.
About 1.25 million suffer from Type 1 diabetes, which is an autoimmune disorder. It is the type of diabetes that is caused because the body has trouble using insulin properly or can not make enough.
Since November, Diabetes Awareness is due to the fact that diabetes has a high level of diabetes. It is the type of diabetes that is a result of the pancreas not making any insulin.
What is diabetes?
So let’s start with what happens in a normal person without diabetes.
An organ called the pancreas senses the absorbed sugar and produces a hormone called insulin, which then extracts the sugar ̵
1; or glucose – from the food
In diabetes, din kropp enten ikke gør nok insulin eller kan ikke bruke det så godt som det skal. Ef þú hefur ekki nóg af insúlíni, þá getur það verið mikið blóðsykurslækkun, sem getur valdið alvarlegum heilsufarsvandamálum, svo sem hjartasjúkdóma, nýrnasjúkdóma eða sjónarmiða.
What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
In patients with Type 1 diabetes (T1DM), their pancreas is unable to produce insulin at all due to an autoimmune condition whereby the body attacks itself. Mennesker er oftest diagnosticeret når de er børn eller unge voksne, og symptomene ofte utvikler seg raskt. They may report feeling very thirsty, going to the bathroom very often, losing weight even though they usually eat, and feel very exhausting.
People with T1DM need to take insulin every day to survive, and currently there is no known way to prevent or cure T1DM. They need to check their blood glucose levels several times a day and at night, and give themselves insulin multiple times a day based on their body makeup, blood sugar and what they eat.
Can I get T1DM?
T1DM was previously thought to be only in children and was previously referred to as “juvenile diabetes,” but we now know that young adults and even older adults can develop T1DM. Det er ikke noget smitsomt, eller relatert til din livsstil. Rather, it is an autoimmune condition, whereby your body develops antibodies against your own pancreas and gradually destroys the pancreas’ ability to produce insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes
In patients with Type 2 diabetes T2DM), of the body has become resistant and needs more insulin or their pancreas is not making enough insulin.
Can I get T2DM? T2DM is not caused by eating sugar itself, but by a variety of lifestyle factors and genetics.
Can I get T2DM?
This is the more common adult form of diabetes, and unfortunately, the number of affected people, including children, in the US, continues to rise. This type of diabetes is associated with obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or a family history of T2DM.
If you have any of these conditions, it is important to see your primary care doctor regularly to be tested for diabetes.
Can I tell if you have diabetes? How is it diagnosed?
Most commonly, it is diagnosed with a blood test – either a high glucose level before you eat or something called a hemoglobin A1c, which is an average of your blood sugar over three months. 19659003] If your glucose level is high, you may feel symptoms like feeling thirsty all the time, urinating more than usual, weight loss, blurry vision or fatigue. Sometimes, people with Type 1 diabetes present very sick, with something called diabetic ketoacidosis, due to having insufficient insulin in their body.
This is a deadly condition that requires hospitalization to help correct the condition.
If you Er på medicin som kan gøre din blodsukker gå lavt, for eksempel insulin, lavt blodsukker kan resultere i svettning, shaking, uncharacteristic behavior, or disorientation. If it goes very low, it can even result in coma and death if not quickly treated with glucose or a medication called glucagon.
If you notice any of these symptoms, you should notify your doctor.
How do I treat diabetes? Is there a cure?
Unfortunately, diabetes is a chronic illness with no cure. For people with Type 1 diabetes, the only treatment so far is insulin. For people with Type 2 diabetes, in addition to dietary changes, there are many medication options that vary from pills to injections.
Some types of bariatric surgery may be helpful in reducing the amount of medications people with T2DM need to take.
Selv om type 1 og type 2 diabetes er invisible for mennesker, der ikke har det, har et blodsukker, som er for højt eller for lavt can be very dangerous.
Tiffany Yeh, MD, is an endocrinology fellow at New York Presbyterian Weill Cornell Medical Center and, with good control and continuous improvement in medication and technology, many people with diabetes are able to lead happy, fulfilling lives. a member of the ABC News Medical Unit.
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