Home / Health / What changes the minds about the hesitation of the vaccines?
Sarah Myriam of New Jersey holds her daughter Aliyah, 2, as they join activists who oppose vaccinations outside a late-night health, education, work and pension committee’s hearing on vaccine safety on March 5, 201
9. (Photo: J. Scott Applewhite, AP)
For Christine Vigeant, it was an anti-plant that was bigger than just the vaccine decision. And changing her mind was bigger than just a conversation.
When Vigeant was pregnant with her daughter, she had an idea of what mother she wanted to be. Drawn to an alternative, parenting style, she breast-born her daughter until she was 5, often carried her in a carrier, fed her organic food and blurred her in cloth diapers. Vigeant looked for vaccinations – and the toxins she believed to be within them – as a natural extension of alternative parenting.
Bill Sears son, one of the most well-known proponents of brackets for attachments, wrote Vaccine Book: Taking the right decision for your child as health experts say reinforces vaccine myths.  “You just start to think that all these things go hand in hand. The anti-vaccine trace became part of my mind – part of a bigger idea,” she said. “And you can find something on the Internet to confirm your faith.”
Vaccine doubts, defined as the reluctance or refusal to vaccinate or vaccinate your children, have been identified by the World Health Organization as one of the ten global health risks of 2019. Trade fairs were declared eliminated from the United States in 2000, but now from January 1 to 28 February 2019, 206 cases of measles have been confirmed in 11 US states, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Experts say that people who are military anti-vaccines are rare. Those who are skeptical of vaccines are much more common, and they are the people, like Vigeant, who can be hovered.
“There are vaccine opponents who hate vaccines – you won’t change their minds. They are in the minority of vaccine critics. They’ve heard all the facts and they don’t care,” says Arthur Caplan, a professor of bioethics at New York University. . “Then the vaccine is doubtful – they are scared … but they are not closed.”
Anti-wax issues dominated the headlines: a new decade study of more than half a million people found The measles vaccine does not increase the risk of autism – a major fear among those who are concerned about preventive shots. A teenager who defied her anti-wax mother testified in front of the congress and said she was misinformed by social media. Facebook announced that it would reduce the distribution of anti-wax items following Pinterest’s management, which has blocked all searches using terms related to vaccines or vaccinations as part of a plan to stop the spread of error information. And on Friday, the CDC released a case report that showed that a 6-year-old boy who did not receive childhood vaccinations almost died after contracting tetanus.
Caplan said that vaccine skeptics produce several arguments:
- Vaccines are not safe (as concerns that they are linked to autism, which study has been discontinued after the study).
- It’s a plot of great pharma (people are concerned about pharmaceutical companies making big money out of vaccines, but Caplan says companies don’t make much profit on immunizations).
- It’s about the parents’ rights (parents don’t think people should be able to tell them what to do with their own children, but experts say this ignores social responsibility and other existing child safety laws, including car seats and bicycle helmets).
- Naturally, good (the idea that vaccines are “toxic” and it would be better to contract the disease and / or build resistance naturally, but Caplan says science does not support this.)
Jenni Fer Reich, a professor in sociology at the University of Colorado Denver and author of Calling the Shots: Why Parents Reject Vaccines, says distrust in the context of many parental fears.
“I think one of the things that parents are interfering with is how much they trust the government regulation, how much they trust information they are given,” Reich said. “Parents quoted me a similar distrust of food regulation or similar distrust of chemical companies or ingredients in mattresses.”
For many parents, she said that fear of the unknown is considering the fear of diseases that they have never seen in their lives
How not to talk to an anti-wax
Vigeant said when people tried counteracting their faith with facts, it just made her more determined. This is a well-researched psychological phenomenon. A 2010 study that tried to correct a person’s perception may have a “backfire effect”. When you come across facts that do not support your idea, your belief in that idea is actually stronger.
Trying to convince someone that a deeply sustainable view is flawed is an upward blow. People are hooked on bias. If you are a new mother who believes that vaccines cause autism, are you looking for research that shows if they actually do, or are you Googling “vaccines causing autism” to find stories to confirm your beliefs? Probably the latter, as Charles Taber from Stony Brook University says, is driven by “motivated reasoning”.
“You have a basic psychological tendency to continue your own conviction,” he said, “to really … discount everything that goes against your own previous views.”
That’s why Vigeant could effectively use the Internet to find information that supported the belief she already held.
Vigeant also said when people who did not share her views tried to convince her that her beliefs were wrong, she felt like she was being deceived. The shameful way she said the facts were delivered was an obstacle to her hearing them at all.
“When people were confronted with my antivine beliefs, there was a lot of goodbye, many attacks,” she said. “We are called bad parents. It drives people away. It doesn’t make them feel their concerns are heard and that causes them to they are returning right back to that echo chamber. “
Anyone who is afraid of vaccines may hear
Arguments from someone who shares their identity: Vigeant says her belief that vaccines changed slowly. The seed was planted when a friend from South Carolina, where she gave birth to her daughter among a community of anti-wax parents, published on Facebook that she had just vaccinated her child. Like Vigeant, she also practiced parenting. Posten read: “I only had my children injected with toxins at the doctor’s office, but it was okay, I gave them an organic lollipop afterwards.”
Vigeant said she saw that her friend was talking gracefully on Facebook with those who were afraid of vaccines, gently debunking myths and always empathizing.
“Having someone from my own circle who believed in the same things I questioned the dogma if not vaccinatin I was really helpful,” she said.
Empathy, especially when it comes from someone with a personal relationship: Susan Senator, an autism mother and author of Autism Adult Life: Creative insights and strategies for a follow-up life, used to be identified as anti-wax. Senator’s oldest son Nate has autism. Her middle-aged son does not. She gave birth to her third and youngest son, Ben, she says she obsessively looked at signs of autism, and she knew so many people around her that she had children diagnosed (researchers say the disease was always there, now we only work with a better In 2018, the CDC found that 1 out of 59 children were identified with autism spectrum disorder
Senator began doing his own research online to better understand what affected her. oldest son and how to protect her youngest. how she found the now famous 1998 Andrew Wakefield Study in Medical Journal The Lancet, who suggested measles, cum and rubella vaccines (MMR) can lead to developmental delays.
“Despite the small sample size, uncontrolled design and the speculative nature of the conclusion, the paper received a broad publicity and MMR vaccination rates began to fall because the parents were worried about the risk of autism after vaccination,” wrote the author of a 2011 paper on the fraudulent study. Wakefield’s study has continued to raise concerns, even though it was revoked in 2010. Since then, Wakefield has lost its license to practice medicine.
But when the senator first read the newspaper, she could not have predicted that it would later be debunked. All she thought was that she was determined not to let what happened to Nate happen to Ben.
“It made me feel more pain, because I thought I caused it by letting him get a shot and I promised not to do that with Ben,” she said.
Senator said she expressed her fear her pediatrician, who reluctantly agreed to stagger Ben’s vaccines, while talking to her sister, who was also a pediatrician, her sister was sensitive to the senator’s fear, but did her best to convince her to follow the recommended vaccine schedule described by the CDC Around the same time, the senator said she saw several published studies that disproved Wakefield.
“I guess I would say it was the research that changed me, but it was my sister who had been with me at Nate’s birth” “It was the strongest influence on my thinking, the personal connection with her.”
Advice from a pediatrician: Vigeant said shortly after seeing his way ns Facebook post in support of vaccines, she began studying at Portland State University, and took two lessons that changed her thinking. One was critical thinking and the other was science and pseudoscience, both learned from the same professor.
“He asked people not only to think about why they believe what they think, but to ask yourself instead how could it you believe to be false?” She said. “What would it need to change faith? If there is nothing to change faith, it is not based on evidence. And I started thinking, what would it take to change this?”
It was then that Vigeant said she started searching information outside her core group. She began to talk openly with her pediatrician about her concerns and over time she saw that the risks of vaccination did not outweigh the risk of being infected by an infectious disease. Today her daughter and son are fully vaccinated.
Vigeant with her children. (Photo: Christine Vigeant)
Caplan says that pediatricians have the greatest influence over whether a parent chooses to vaccinate or not. And Reich said there is research on specific tactics that works best.
“There is evidence that pediatricians become more successful when they relate to parents as parents themselves to show with empathy that they understand what the parents are handling,” she said.
A 2013 study by the US Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) in 2013 showed that 87% of pediatricians have encountered parents who refused a vaccine, with the common reasons for refusing to be unnecessary or worried about autism. A 2016 report from AAP urged pediatricians to “have compassionate dialogues with parents to clear misconceptions about vaccines, provide accurate information on vaccine safety and importance, and strive to help parents make decisions to vaccinate their child.”
Real stories about the risks of not vaccinating: A 2015 study by a team of psychologists from UCLA and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign found that it showed vaccine’s skeptics information on research proving where there is no link between Vaccines and autism did nothing to change beliefs. But sharing pictures and descriptions of the diseases that vaccines protect against did.
The approach that significantly increased the support for vaccinations showed images of children with measles and presented a paragraph from a mother whose children suffered a life-threatening kind of measles.
“There was a reason we all were vaccinated: Fairs make you very sick. It is forgotten in the polarizing debate if the vaccine has side effects,” says Keith Holyoak, senior author of the study, in a statement after it was released. .
A Greater Conversation on Society
Doctors and sociologists say more needs to be done to help people understand that vaccination is not just about individual children.
“How do we make parents feel responsible for everyone’s children?” Reich said. “There is a broader question of how to get people to think of their children as part of societies. … It is a bigger conversation than that of your pediatrician if you are to vaccinate or not.”
Vigeant admits that when She decided not to vaccinate her daughter, she convinced that she would be safe because most of her were vaccinated. She believed she could reap the benefits of flock immunity – the resistance to the spread of a disease because a large number of people have been vaccinated – without having to expose her daughter to what she thought was unnecessary toxins.
“I thought if everyone was vaccinating, why did I have to take the risk? Which in retrospect was a very selfish idea,” she says.
Vigeant says when she finds herself in conversation with someone who does not support vaccinations, she tries to talk with those she wants people to talk to her. 19659005] “When I approach people now who think I used to keep myself, I try to ask questions. I ask them why they believe what they think. I try to better understand them before they give my thoughts, she says. “These people care a lot about their children, they only have very different thoughts about what it means to do it.”
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