Gas that surrounds a super-massive black hole spreads over and under the counter like a three-dimensional fountain, new simulations have…
Gas that surrounds a super-massive black hole spreads over and under the counter like a three-dimensional fountain, new simulations have revealed.
While it has long been assumed that the gas rings around active black holes took shape of a monk, scientists say the reality is much more complex.
Simulations and observations from the Atacama Large Millimeter / Submittent Array (ALMA) suggest that “donut” is actually a more dynamic structure, about three gaseous components that circulate constantly.
According to the team, it is more of a three-step process. First, the cold gas forms a disk near the rotational plane, warming up until the molecules break down. Some of these molecules are expelled above and below the counter. This falls down to create a fountain structure
In the new study, researchers at the Japanese National Astronomical Observatory (NAOJ) observed the super massive black hole in the center of Ciricinus galaxy, about 14 million light years away.
They compared this with a simulation of gas falling against a black hole, from the Cray XC30 ATERUI supercomputer.
Their findings challenge the conventional idea that matter falling in a black hole is built around it to form a monk structure.
According to the team, it is more of a three-step process.
First, the cold gas forms a disc near the rotational plane, warming up until the molecules break down.
Some of these molecules are expelled above and below the counter. And this then falls down to create a fountain structure.
Gas around a super-massive black hole spreads over and under the counter like a three-dimensional fountain, new simulations have revealed. The proportions of CO molecular gas and C atom gas are shown in orange and cyan
. Earlier theoretical models established earlier assumptions about stupid monks, says Keiichi Wada, a theorist at Kagoshima University in Japan.
“Instead of assuming our simulation from the physical equations, we started for the first time that gas circulation naturally forms a monk.
& # 39; Our simulation can also explain different observation properties of the system. & # 39
Black holes are so dense and their gravity pressure is so strong that no form of radiation can escape them – not even light. 19659002] They seem like intense gravity that dusts dust and gas around them.
Their intense gravity strain is considered to be what stars in galaxies circle around.
How they are formed are still poorly understood.
Super massive black holes are incredibly dense areas in the middle of galaxies with masses that can be billion times the sun. They cause dips in space (artist’s impression) and even light can not escape their gravity
Astronomers believe that they can be formed when a large cloud of gas up to 100,000 times larger than the sun collapses in a black hole.  Many of these black holes combine to form much larger super-massive black holes, located in the middle of each known massive galaxy.
Alternatively, a super-massive black-haired seed can come from a giant star, about 100 times the mass of the sun, which ultimately forms in a black hole after it runs out of fuel and collapses.
When these giant stars die, they also go “supernova”, a major explosion that derives the matter from the outer layer of the star in outer space.
Researchers have worked to better understand the nature of these mysterious structures in the heart of each galaxy.
However, according to researchers, the latest results could improve what we thought knew.
“By examining the motion and distribution of both the cold molecular gas and the hot nuclear energy with ALMA, we showed the rise of the so-called” donut “structure around active black holes.
On the basis of This discovery we must write about the astronomical textbooks. “