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Wasps became just the first known insects that can cause the use of logic

Here's a question for you. If A is greater than B and B is greater than C, A is greater than C? It's a simple puzzle, any child can solve. In fact, even animals have shown the form of reasoning – called transitive inference – that we use to answer this type of problem. But no invertebrates have ever shown this ability until now. In new research, researchers suggest that paper jumpers can use transitive inference as you and I can – to find out the relationship between different things that have not been explicitly compared to each other, but which have previously been compared with other things. "We do not say that wasps used logical deductions to solve this problem, but they seem to use known relationships to make conclusions about unknown relationships," says evolutionary biologist Elizabeth Tibbetts of the University of Michigan. Results indicate that the capacity for complex behavior can be shaped by the social environment where behaviors are beneficial, rather than being strictly limited by brain size. " Polistes dominula Tibbets have been studying wasps, their behavior and their environment for decades, discovering things like their memory of other wasps from previous meetings and those ways they have to punish fellow wings like the ear (Elizabeth Tibbetts) is female in view of their wisdom. Other research she has been involved in has discovered how thieves developed better vision to retrieve on social signals; Now, in the same social river, Tibbetts suggests that weapon society may have…

Here’s a question for you. If A is greater than B and B is greater than C, A is greater than C?

It’s a simple puzzle, any child can solve. In fact, even animals have shown the form of reasoning – called transitive inference – that we use to answer this type of problem. But no invertebrates have ever shown this ability until now.

In new research, researchers suggest that paper jumpers can use transitive inference as you and I can – to find out the relationship between different things that have not been explicitly compared to each other, but which have previously been compared with other things.

“We do not say that wasps used logical deductions to solve this problem, but they seem to use known relationships to make conclusions about unknown relationships,” says evolutionary biologist Elizabeth Tibbetts of the University of Michigan. Results indicate that the capacity for complex behavior can be shaped by the social environment where behaviors are beneficial, rather than being strictly limited by brain size. “

 012 warps transitive inference 1 Polistes dominula Tibbets have been studying wasps, their behavior and their environment for decades, discovering things like their memory of other wasps from previous meetings and those ways they have to punish fellow wings like the ear (Elizabeth Tibbetts)

is female in view of their wisdom.

Other research she has been involved in has discovered how thieves developed better vision to retrieve on social signals; Now, in the same social river, Tibbetts suggests that weapon society may have developed its ability to calculate – especially transitive inference.

Similar experiments have already proposed bees do not have the same gift, but new attempts with the paper wings Polistes dominula and Polistes metricus appear to show that some insects can give more astutans than others.

In trials, the staples were introduced. ill hierarchical classification of colors called “premise pairs”. The parties’ premise was that if the cocks landed on color B rather than color A, they would get a mild electric shock.

In turn, the same thing would happen if they landed on C rather than B, D rather than C, or E rather than D. In any case, the color corresponding to a previous letter was the safe choice.

Surprisingly, then laps were then shown colors that had never been presented in a couple of earlier – like B and D, for example – the laps showed a preference for landing on colors that would not shock them in two-thirds of the time.

This demonstrated preference suggests that they could trigger a relationship between new paired things – combinations of things that had never explicitly shown them together before.

“I was really surprised at how quickly and carefully each one learned the umbrellas,” Tibbetts says.

“I thought that wasps would be confused, just like bees. But they had no problem deciding that a certain color was safe in some situations and not safe in other situations.”

Due to why paper guards and bees – who share similar complex nervous systems – can do so differently in terms of their ability to transient inference, no one can safely say. [19659002] But the scientists believe that, as much else in the development of wasps, the basis for reasoning can lie in the nature of their social conditions, which are quite different from bees.

Unlike colonies centered around a single queen, Polistes wild colonies have more complex social arrangements, as several reproductive women are called foundresses competing with each other within a single colony and establishing a series of hierarchies.

It is only on the ossible, Tibbetts and her team say that the resulting pressure to live among the paper soaps – and the flawed rival dynasties that were founded – has given insects upgraded abilities to make decisions based on social information: Differences and Relationships as a Police Wespar who has complicated social lives can be beneficial by organizing information linearly because it enables individuals to quickly deduct new social relationships, “the researchers explained in their paper.

“As a result, socially flexible taxa may be predisposed to spontaneously organize information along a common underlying dimension required for transitive inference.”

That is the rough idea, however, even if scientists only acknowledge it is a hypothesis for now, until future experiments reveal clearer evidence, so that we can better ourselves Oh from what really goes on here.

We know anyway, no matter where they come from, knowing that these washes know how to go with the dots in a way that no other insect has ever proved – and it is a remarkable thing to see. Results are reported in Biology Letters .

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