After 39 days of voting with up to as many as 900 million voters, voting in India’s major parliamentary elections ends on Sunday, starting with a countdown to the Thursday’s final result announcement.
Having swept to a large majority during the last election in 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Bharatiya Janata Party, or B.J.P., are generally expected to lose seats this time around.
In-depth concern about the economy and on allegations that B.J.P.’s Hindu first conservative creed threatens Muslims and other minorities, has led many Indians who voted for the Modi party last time to say they could change. The biggest recipient of such a shift would be the Congress Party, led by Rahul Gandhi.
It also holds that this is a parliamentary election – it is about parties, not a simple choice between Mr. Modi and Mr gandhi Local problems and rivalries are always great in Indian elections. And business deals with smaller parties that are organized around the region or identity can still play a major role in determining who will become prime minister.
How should we find out the results?
The voice itself has taken more than five weeks, which took place entirely on hundreds of thousands of computerized voice machines that were taken from state to state over India’s vast territory.
But the official bill will only take part of the day on Thursday, because the sums are already listed in the voice machines themselves. The votes will be analyzed and, in some cases, verified against printed whales, generated by each voice machine, starts at 8 pm on Thursday. The official results are expected to be announced around midday local time.
What happens if no party wins majority?
It is very possible that B.J.P. will not win 272 or more of 543 parliamentary seats voted this year. If that happens it will go down to do to form a coalition.
“Every leader on a large regional front knows that he or she may be able to get the places that will celebrate the party at the top,” said Milan Vaishnav, a senior man at Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington. “Many are waiting by phone if their number is to be called on May 23.”
Here are three of the most influential regional parties waiting for that call.
Bahujan Samaj : The party counts Dalits or low-throwing Indians, as its core voter. Mayawati, the party leader, has not announced who she would return in a coalition scenario, but many believe she is susceptible to B.J.P. if the party gives her a higher role in the government.
Telangana Rashtra Samiti : Based in Telangana, a country in southern India, the party has no regional political rivals and is likely to win about 17 seats. Party leader, K. Chandrashekhar Rao, has already announced that it would join an alliance on the right terms.
Biju Janata Dal : A strong party in Odisha, a state in eastern India, B.J.D. faces competition from B.J.P. on his home dryer. It has allied with B.J.P. before, but can think twice about the political independence threatened.
A record voice of Indian women
For the first time, female voters are expected to vote as many as half of the total vote – and perhaps more. Given that officials expect up to 900 million total votes nationwide, it is a large number. But more importantly, it means that Indian women’s voices will finally be proportionate to their number – even though they are not yet quite represented in the number of parliamentary seats they hold.
Both in the number of female voters and in total dividends across the country, 2019 elections are expected to set records, further expand India’s role as the world’s largest democracy. Violence has been lower, but not absent
Violence has almost always played a role in the Indian election, whether it be between parties or the bands or on a larger scale
This choice has been relatively peaceful compared to earlier. But since the vote began last month, a person has been killed and several candidates have been attacked, among other conflicts between supporters of various parties, according to local news reports.
Jeffrey Gettleman and Ayesha Venkataraman contributed to reporting.