WASHINGTON – President Trump is considering a big speech on Tuesday to announce a broad breakdown on the southern border, officials of the administration said on Friday and made an important game to drive his immigrant base one week before the middle of the congressional elections where Republican control of Congress at stake.
Mr. Trump is expected to use the remarks to outline his plans for deploying hundreds of armies and to strengthen the border, including executive measures he is considering refusing entry to migrants from Central America and asylum seekers.
An offer to freeze or cut financial support to Central American countries whose citizens go north to the United States are also discussed with proposals from both the National Security Council and the Administration and Budget Agency, according to two Trump officials, who said a final The decision should be reached by Tuesday.
“The GOP is desperate to change the conversation from its attack on the health of Americans to the baseless fear of some families 1,000 miles away from the border,” said Nancy Pelosi, California, California, Parliament’s Democratic leader. Republicans fear, this group of families can not even make it to the border with the United States, and those who move for economic reasons will not qualify for asylum. “
She blamed the president, who is often responsible for the country’s immigration problems at the feet of democracy, for the failure to review the system and said he “sabotaged several opportunities for reaching a two-way consensus on immigration, including border security.”
Mr. Trump weighs executive action to substantially make it impossible for a large group of migrants from Central America to travel north through Mexico to seek refuge in the United States.
Plan One, according to persons who know the person who spoke on the condition of anonymity, would include an amendment to the rules for asylum eligibility together with a presidential proclamation that characterizes migrant caravan as a national emergency and prevents participants from entering the country.
It is not clear that such a presidential directive would be legal either according to the United States immigration law or international law, both of which contain obligations to evaluate the individual claims of persons presenting and requesting asylum and claiming a credible fear of returning to their country of origin.
In addition, Trump would be hard pressed to show that the caravan represents a national emergency. The group, which is approximately 1,000 miles south of the border, is currently estimated to have about 6,000 people and consists largely of women and children. Given the complex legal issues involved, it may take several months or even years for the plan to truly remove immigrants from the United States.
Although Trump considered the strategy, he saw that the political effect would be more immediate. He has called the caravan a “blessing in disguise” for Republicans in the run-up to November 6, when he tries to demonize his participants and tie them to Democrats and to Progressive Groups.
“This is much more about the optics before the election than the legality of the president’s actions,” said Jennifer Quigley, a refugee specialist at Human Rights First. “The cart represents such a small number of people coming to the border that it only claims credibility to say that this is a national emergency that requires immediate action.”
The difference can be important because the strategy the president weighs means bypassing the normal federal rule process to immediately change the rules for asylum, something that can only be done when the government has a “good thing” such as a national emergency, to do so.
Under the plan, which is still under discussion and can be changed, the home security and justice departments will jointly issue new rules that would disqualify migrants crossing the port of landing ports from claiming asylum, according to persons familiar with the discussions but who were not authorized to discuss planning. Exceptions would be made to people who are subjected to torture at home.
Mr. Trump would then invoke wide presidential powers to allow foreigners to enter the country for national security reasons – according to the same section of immigration legislation, which founded the travel ban – to issue a proclamation that blocks immigrants from crossing the southern border, according to plans discussed. It was not clear how big the directive would be, including if it were only for individuals from certain countries or those who arrived within a certain period of time.
Several refugee advocacy groups condemned the proposal and said they would consider legal action to block it if Mr Trump followed.
Omar Jadwat, director of the American Civil Liberties Union Immigrants Rights Project, said it was “shameful” that Mr Trump would even consider such moves.
“It would mean not to protect people who can prove that they are flying persecution,” says Jadwat. “It would be a great moral failure, and any plan in this direction will be subject to intense legal review.”
Mr. Trump has become angry and frustrated by the caravan and in recent weeks has demanded that his adviser give him significant and attention opportunities to respond.
On Wednesday, Defense Department officials attempted to produce military alternatives to meet the president’s Twitter demand that the military secured the border.
On Thursday, the White House called on the Home Security Department to accelerate changes to the asylum rule expected to be released in December so that Trump could issue his proclamation hindering Central Americans, including asylum seekers, in the coming days.
And on Friday, White House officials met to discuss how to implement the President’s threat of withdrawal of aid to Central American countries whose citizens are included in
Support for Central America last year amounted to $ 615 million, evenly distributed between programs aims to spur economic growth and those who lose weight on lawlessness. The purpose of the aid, of which much is distributed to NGOs, is to reduce or eliminate the underlying causes of immigrants making the dangerous dragon to the United States borders.
Mr. Trump’s sudden call to stop it led to concern among diplomats and non-governmental organizations, who regard the movement as the official described as killing the plumber from a house just as the pipes burst.
However, the Trump administration has a significant amount of support for countries because Congress called for support, but not a floor. The law that gives the money also allows state secretary Mike Pompeo to terminate his dividend if he decides that Central American governments have not done enough to meet different conditions for assistance, although many of the necessary certifications for this year were made in August.
Mr. Trumps advisors and those who share their restrictive views on immigration argue that it is well within the president’s executive authority to close the boundary of a particular group.
Mark Krikorian, Executive Director of the Center for Immigration Studies, said there was precedent for the United States Government to establish contingency plans to block some foreigners from entering the country, as it did in 1981 after the Mariel boat lift 1980 when thousands of Cubans arrived on US beaches.
Although it is certain to be legal challenges for Mr Trump’s exercise of such power, Krikorian said: “It may be useful to move the political ball forward and make these laws change to get a judge to prevent the president from drive the limit.
“It’s a way to focus attention on what the real problem is. “
The Pentagon announced Friday that Jim Mattis, the Secretary of Defense, had approved a request from the Homeland Security Department to provide support for customs and border protection along the southwest border. It said that the aid would include construction for temporary obstacles, barricades and fencing; fast and rotating wing for moving staff, medical teams, temporary housing and protective equipment.
An official in the Department of Defense said the Pentagon had already begun to identify active troops to meet the demand, with the goal of getting a first deployment to the border next week . It is currently slated until the end of December 15, allowing the official who spoke on terms of anonymity because the official was unable to specify the plans.
The military aspect of the plan also took criticism of human
Adam Isacson, the director for Defense Monitoring at Washing ton of office in Latin America, said with migration numbers at historical lows, the government should devote its resources to processing what would probably be a “modest number of children and families flying to one of the world’s most violent regions to seek shelter. “