BUENOS AIRES – President Trump celebrated a great political victory on Friday and joined the leaders of the Mexican and…
BUENOS AIRES – President Trump celebrated a great political victory on Friday and joined the leaders of the Mexican and Canadian governments to sign a new North American trade deal that reviews the rules for more than 1.2 trillion dollars in regional trade and shut doors on quarter of the century by unbroken globalization.
In a half-hour ceremony in a central city hotel, the President praised the agreement and called it a “truly groundbreaking achievement” and nodded to its blue power base, claiming that the measure would promote “Paid Manufacturing Jobs” and agricultural exports.
But the new agreement between the United States and Mexico and Canada faces uncertain prospects in Congress next year, where Democrats will control the House of Representatives and may be reluctant to assist the President to fulfill a 201
6 campaign as
Friday’s ceremony was relatively subdued , except that Trump acknowledged that the trio had made “battle” to reach an agreement.
Trump and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, whose relationship has been stony, interacted heartily, although Trudeau opposed Trump’s rebranding effort and called his handwork a “North American Free Trade Agreement”.
It refers to the original 1994 treaty Trump, which was warmer in its collaboration with Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto.
Trump appointed the Mexican leader for praise and noted that Friday was his last full day in place before Saturday’s inauguration of his left-handed successor, Andrés Manuel López Obrador.
“This is your last day at the office, it’s a very good day when you can write something so important,” said Trump Peña Nieto. “This is truly an incredible way to end a presidency. You do not see it so often.”
Anxiety over this week’s announcement by General Motors that it closed several factories in the US and Canada and putting down thousands of workers also hung over the event.
Trudeau referred GM’s announcement in his comments saying that closures were a “heavy blow” for the economies of both countries.
The three leaders sat on an ornate wooden table to sign an order for their trade ministers to start the deal. Trump used a black sharpie, which meant that the signature was significantly larger and deeper than Trudeau and Peña Nieto, who signed with standard pens.
Trump was accompanied by a major US delegation including State Secretary Mike Pompeo, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, US Trade Representative Robert E. Lighthizer, National Security Adviser John Bolton and White House Chief of Staff John F. Kelly.
The President’s daughter, Ivanka, and her husband, Jared Kushner, both leading Witness advisors, also participated. Minutes earlier, Peña Nieto had assigned Kushner the Mexican regime of Aztec Eagle, the country’s highest prize awarded to foreigners, partly because of his work that helped negotiate the trade agreement.
The event was organized by the White House and gave Trump some of a home market advantage. All three leaders spoke of lecturers wearing the US President’s sail under their appearance in a large conference room at the Palacio Duhau Park Hyatt where the presidential department resided.
After signing Trump and his counterparts left without asking questions.
The President’s remarks appeared to anticipate the political struggle ahead. He predicted that the deal would lead to significant growth in US exports and support “many, many jobs” in the automotive industry.
But the measure faces an upturn in Congress, despite Trump’s urgency claiming Friday that “it’s been so good I do not expect to have much of a problem.”
Later Patrick J. Toomey (R-Pa .), As a result of expanded trading, says he will oppose the deal unless changes are made to several provisions, including the protection of investors. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), A likely democratic presidential candidate, said Thursday that she would oppose the trade pact as inadequate for American workers, shifting a possible 2020 campaign plan.
Lighthizer, who spent 13 months hammering out the deal sometimes observing negotiations, excluded trying to revise the agreement to reflect the legislator’s concern.
“The negotiations will not be resumed. The agreement is signed,” he says.
Lighthizer said he “absolutely” believes the bill will be supported by “a very large number of Democrats.” “I have no doubt . “
In an unfortunate sign For administration, large unions, fearful extra outsourcing, refuse to restore the pact. Robert Martinez, International President of Machinists Union, said NAFTA 2.0″ will do a little bit about anything “to get more American jobs
United Steelworkers Union, President Leo Gerard, issued a statement saying Mexico must pass legislation that formalizes its concern of important work and environmental standards before the agreement is ratified.
“Only when all problems have been solved and it is obvious that Mexico fully and faithfully acknowledges workers’ rights, Congress would vote for the agreement, “said Gerard. 19659027] Major US industries and agricultural interests are unfortunate that the president has not removed tariffs on imports of steel and aluminum from Mexico and Canada, as government officials promised in the final stages of the three-way talks.
“It’s bad news for many of us,” said Rufus Yerxa, president of the National Foreign Trade Council, representing multinational companies.
C Anada and Mexico are also afraid of being injured if Trump is following on their interest in introducing tariffs on imported cars, a proposal that the Ministry of Commerce reviews.
The automotive industry is perhaps North America’s most integrated company, with companies delivering parts and half-finished cars across the US’s northern and southern borders several times before production ends. So such charges would reflect a major disruption of industry activity.
Trudeau used the signing ceremony to appeal again for the metal costs that would be released, referring to the GM redundancies. “Make no mistake, we will stand up for our workers and fight for their families and their communities,” said the prime minister. “And Donald, that’s more reason we continue to work to remove steel and aluminum cuts between our two countries.”
Even when Trump, Trudeau and Peña Nieto arrived in Buenos Aires to sign the agreement, the three countries continued to bounce over conditions for raising the US rates.
The deal must be ratified by legislators in all three nations, a process likely to require much of 2019.
Mexican negotiators considered an agreement to limit future metals to US exports to 80 percent of current levels, according to Dan Ujczo , a commercial lawyer at Dickinson Wright.
Canada, however, resists quotas and instead offers to set up its cooperation with the United States efforts to prevent cheap Chinese steel from entering the US market, according to Eric Miller, chairman of the Rideau Potomac Strategy Group.
On various occasions this year, government officials publicly stated that the tariffs would lift Ld when a new North American trade deal was achieved.
The president tweeted in March that steel and aluminum charges “would only come in the event of a new and fair NAFTA agreement being signed”.
Mexico ambassador to the United Kingdom, Gerónimo Gutiérrez, told reporters earlier this month that his government expected it to be “either a solution or a clear solution to a solution” when the agreement was signed.
Although the unresolved war war left a cloud During the signing, Friday’s planned ceremony still represents a signature moment for Trump.
The president had repeatedly called NAFTA “the worst trade deal ever.”
The promise to scrape NAFTA and replace it with a better deal was the staple of the Trumps campaign rallies over the industrial Midwest in 2016.
The new USMCA agreement requires that 75 percent of each vehicle be granted duty-free treatment done in North America, from 62.5 percent in curr and a significant amount of manufacturing is carried out by workers earning at least $ 16 per hour.
This action is designed to reduce incentives for US work to be switched to cheap Mexican factories.
The deal contains new provisions on e-commerce and cross-border data flows that were not included in the previous treaties negotiated before the Internet became an important commercial force.
It also underlines Trump’s turn from the global trade that his predecessor supported in favor of regional or even one-to-one agreements.