Reports on Immigration, Drug Trafficking and National Security
Nick Miroff Reports on Immigration, Drug Trafficking and National Security Maria Sacchetti Reports covering immigrant groups and immigration and customs…
President Trump is preparing for to announce a sweeping border interruption in a speech Tuesday one week before the mid-term election, where he is expected to resort to emergency powers to stop immigrants from entering the United States and portray them as a serious national security threat, officials of the administration said Friday.
Trump is considering actions that would prevent migrants from crossing the border and denying them a chance to apply for asylum in the United States, actions that legal scientists and immigrant groups say would violate US laws and international treaties likely to trigger challenges in federal courts.
The President, undiscovered, has arisen through rising approval demands in recent weeks and e acts to cudgel his democratic rivals on border issues, showing the migrating caravan moving through Mexico as a threat to US security.
The government officials aware of speech preparation said the exact actions Trump will announce remains under discussion as attorneys from the Department of Homeland Security, Justice and Home Affairs are trying to create a policy that puts the administration on the least vulnerable legal basis.
Trump plans to approach speech as a chance to present his vision for a review of immigration policy and border security, according to assistants, keen to whip up his base and convince voters, his party will take a firm position on border security.
Democrats have accused Trump and Republicans of “fear” of immigration before the election.
“President Trump’s immigration policy has been a failure from day one,” said Minister Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) Leader in a statement. “Unlike former presidents, he has failed to work with our partners in the region and we see the consequences of his failure today.”
The trolley that has taken Trump attention remains more than 900 miles from the US-Mexico border. After estimation of more than 7,000 immigrants, the number of numbers has decreased and disappeared in recent days according to US estimates. Some of those walking north along the roads in southern Mexico have released, turned back or give up, as the physical steps on the journey take a steep toll, especially on families with young children.
The recent claims by Mexican officials have said that the procession is between 3000 and 4000 people and at its current rate, at least two weeks from the US border.
Some immigrants could manage trucks and hitchhike rides to reach the border before, feared
The Trump Administration has pushed Mexico to stop the caravan and on Friday, President Enrique Peña Nieto announced a new initiative that is called “Make Yourself at Home” which offers migrants work permits, healthcare and schooling for their children.
Nieto carrot came with a stick. On Friday, the Mexican federal police arrested 300 central Americans who were part of a second group of immigrants who tried to cross the border from Guatemala, according to local media. It appeared to be the first attempt by the government to round up a large number of Central Americans since the arrival of the caravan and aimed to deter more immigrants from entering Mexico to join the group.
Mexico’s offer requires migrants to register with the government and remain in the southern Mexican states of Chiapas and Oaxaca, far from the US border.
Trump’s tough rhetoric is also aimed at reducing the caravan, said Dan Stein, president of the United States Immigration Reform, a group favoring stricter immigration laws and supporting Trump.
“If he can refrain from anything but about 2500 from coming, administration will be much better,” says Stein. “But until they come here, he still has the convincing power of the bullying pulpit to convince them that they come to meet hostile reception with military troops. “
Stein acknowledged the legal order Trump is considering, may not exceed a court of court.
” Sooner or later he will probably be a court order against him, “he said. “But he is the commander, and he has to do something.”
Trying to get people to seek asylum if Trump announces such a move would probably violate the 1980 Refugee Act and an International Refugee Treaty of 1967, signed by the United Kingdom, says Philip G. Schrag, a professor at Georgetown University and author of several books on asylum and immigration law.
Federal law states that any immigrant “who is physically present in the United States or arriving in the United States”, whether it is legally checked or after crossing the border can apply for asylum, he said.
“It is highly unlikely that the courts would argue that the president has the power … to prevent people from applying for asylum,” said Schrag. “My prediction is that it would be subject to a temporary appointment of a court within a few days.”
A draft proposal reviewed by the Washington Post states that the President may use his authority under Section 212 (f) of the Immigration Act and Nationality Act to declare certain immigrants who are not entitled to asylum for national security reasons.
The section is the same judicial authority as he claimed during the travel ban, as Trump first issued days after being employed in January 2017, attempting to get foreigners mainly from certain Muslims from returning to the United States for national security reasons
The ban challenged hard legal challenges and led the administration to issue three different versions before a revised ban was maintained by the Supreme Court on a five to four votes in June.
The Supreme Court ruled that the president has the power to prohibit travelers from certain countries to protect the United States, and Trump’s supporters considered the decision as a great confirmation of their authority.
But others say that Central American immigrants are not a security threat and instead fly the actual violence.
“They come to the United States to seek protection,” Maureen Meyer, chief of Mexico and migrants rights at the Washington Office in Latin America, said in a statement. “It’s ridiculous to claim that the children in the caravan are a national security threat.”
Omar Jadwat, director of the American Civil Liberties Union Immigrants Rights Project, said that the Supreme Court’s travel ban decision did not give the administration the freedom to carry asylum seekers.
For example, a foreigner who has been divorced from obtaining a visa to travel to the United States under the travel ban may still seek asylum if they managed to cross the US-Mexico border and sat on American land.
“It’s the law,” he said. “You get a chance to explain why you think you will be persecuted if you come home.”
If a diplomatic breakthrough in which the Mexican government agrees to withdraw Central America, immigrants must be kept in jail until they could be deported. But the United States has nowhere to accommodate adults traveling with children.
With record numbers of immigrant family members arriving in recent weeks, immigration action capacity is essentially maximal and US courts limit the government’s ability to hold minors in immigration prisons for more than 20 days.
The latest Justice Department statistics show that less than 10 percent of US asylum seekers are granted asylum by immigration courts, which further limits their ability to receive it may have a negligible effect.
Many of the migrant families crossing the border know that it’s an act to apply for asylum – not necessarily getting it – that can let them live and work in the United States for several years or longer while their claims went through the courts.
The trumpet administration has prepared to extend family prison capacity by being detained on military bases, but these facili ties do not seem to be ready.
The Pentagon said in a statement on Friday afternoon that it had received a request for assistance from the Homeland Department, and Defense Minister Jim Mattis has agreed to “provide missionary power” along the border.
During the new mobile mobilization, the Pentagon will provide planning assistance, technical support for the construction of temporary barriers, barricades and fencing, as well as aviation support for moving customs and border guards and protective equipment for border agents.
Seung Min Kim and Dan Lamothe contributed to this report.