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The mystery of dark matter solved? Oxford University researchers may have answered one of the world's biggest issues

Researchers may have solved the mystery of dark matter and dark energy, one of the most mysterious and troubled parts…

Researchers may have solved the mystery of dark matter and dark energy, one of the most mysterious and troubled parts of the entire universe.

And the solution might have been simply all the time: astrophysics had just forgotten to add a single minus sign.

Dark matter is perhaps the biggest issue in astrophysics. Our current model suggests that there are large amounts of energy and matter – 95 percent of the universe – which must exist but only missing and, as we can not see.

1/30 Earth from ISS

From International Space Station, Expedition 42 Flight Engineer Terry W. Virts took this photograph of the Gulf of Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico at sunset

Nasa

2 / 30 Frosty Slopes of Mars

This image of an area on the Mars surface, approximately 1.5 to 3 kilometers in size, shows frosted ridges on a south-facing slope within a crater. The image was taken by the Nasas HiRISE camera, mounted on its Mars Reconaissance Orbiter

Nasa

3/30 Orion Capsule Splashes Down

The Orion Capsule bumped into space before returning a few hours later – has shown that it can be used a day to carry people to Mars

Nasa

4/30 Soyuz TMA-15M Rocket Launch

Soyuz TMA-15M Rocket Launch from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Monday, November 24, 2014 , which transports three new astronauts to the International Space Station. Nasa

5/30 Yellowstone from Space

NASA Astronaut Reid Wiseman shared this image of Yellowstone via his twitter account

Nasa

6/30 Black Hole Friday

Nasa

7/30 NuSTAR

X-ray streaming from the sun in this image depicting observations from NASA’s nuclear spectroscopic telescopic array or NuSTAR, summarized on a photograph taken by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)

Nasa

8/30 Saturn

This infrared color image shows a mirror reflection, or sunbathing, of a hydrocarbon lake called Kivu Lacus on The Titan Saturn

Nasa

9/30 Worlds Apart

Although Mimas and Pandora, shown here, both run Saturn, they are very different moons. Pandora, “small” with moon standards (50 miles or 81 kilometers above) is elongate and irregular in shape. Mimas (246 miles or 396 kilometers across), a “medium-sized” moon formed in a sphere of self-esteem because of its higher mass

Nasa

10/30 Solar Flare

A solar beam in the X1.6 class flashes in the middle of the sun in this image taken September 10th, captured by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory

Nasa

11/30 Solar Flare

An image from Nasa Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) shows a 200,000 kilometer long solar filament ripping through the sun’s corona in September 2013

Nasa

12/30 Cassiopeia A c

A fake color image of Cassiopeia A containing data from Spitzer- and the Hubble Space Telescope and the Chandra X-Ray Observatory

Nasa

13/30 Big Magellanic Cloud Galaxy

An image of the Great Magellanic Cloud Galaxy seen in infrared light by Herschel Space Observatory. Rums like this are where new stars are born from a mixture of elements and cosmic dust

Nasa

14/30 Mars Rover Spirit

Nasa Mars Rover Spirit took the first image from the Spirit since communication problems began a week earlier. The image shows the robotic arm extended to the mountain Adirondack

Nasa

15/30 Morning Aurora From the space station

Nasa astronaut Scott Kelly took this photograph of Aurora Green Light from International Space Station

16/30 ] Launch of History – Making STS-41G Missions 1984

The escape challenge launches from Florida at dawn. On this mission, Kathryn Sullivan became the first American woman to perform a space walk and Marc Garneau became the first Canadian in space. The crew of seven was the largest to fly on a spacecraft at that time and the STS-41G was the first flight involving two female astronauts

17/30 A new perspective on an extraordinary galaxy cluster

Galaxy clusters are often described by superlative. They are after all enormous conglomerations of galaxies, hot gas and dark matter, representing the largest structures in the universe clustered by gravity

18/30 Veilnebula Supernova Remnant

Nasa’s space telescope Hubble has been unveiled in a wonderful detail a small part of Veil Nebula – expanding remains of a massive star that exploded around 8000 years ago

19/30 Hubble sees a galactic sunflower

The arrangement of the spiral arms of the galaxy Messier 63 is seen in a picture from space telescope Nasa Hubble, recalls the pattern in the middle of a sunflower

20/30 A Hubbel cosmic couple

The spectacular cosmic mating of the star Hen 2-427 – more commonly known as WR 124 and nebula M1-67 which surrounds it

21/30 Pluto image

Four images from New Horizon’s Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) were combined with color data from the Ralph instrument to create on this enhanced color image over Pluto

22/30 Fresh crater near Sirenum Fossae region Mars

HiRISE camera aboard Nasa Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter acquired this close-up image of a “fresh” (on geological scale, but quite old in human scale) affects crater in the Sirenum Fossae region of Mars. This battlefield appears relatively recently because it has a sharp edge and well-preserved eject

23/30 Earth Observations from Gemini IV 1965

This photograph of Florida Straits and Grand Bahama Bank was taken under Gemini IV missions under orbit No. . 19 in 1965. The Gemini IV crew conducted scientific experiments, including photography of the earth’s weather and terrain, for the remainder of their four-day mission following Ed White’s historic spacecraft on June 3

24/30 Nasa celebrates 50 years of Spacewalking

For 50 years, NASA has been “fit” for space migration. In this 1984 photograph of the first unlimited space promenade, NASA astronaut Bruce McCandless is in the midst of the first “field” trial of a nitrogen-powered backpack unit called Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU)

25/30 Hubble Peers in the Most Narrow Place in Winter Street

This Nasa Hubble Space Telescope presents Arches Cluster, the densest known starclub in Winter Street

26/30 An Astronaut’s View from Space

NASA Astronaut Reid Wiseman tweeted this photo from the International Space Station on the March 2, 2014

27/30 Giant Landform on Mars

On Mars we observe four classes of sandy land forms formed by wind or eol bed shapes: ripples, transverse Aeolian ridges, sand dunes and what is called “rot “

28/30 Expedition 39 Landing

A sokol helmet can be seen under the Soyuz TMA-11M capsule shortly after spacecraft landed with ex pedition 39 Commander Koichi Wakata from Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Soyuz Commander Mikhail Tyurin of Roscosmos, and Air Engineer Rick Mastracchio of NASA near the city of Zhezkazgan, Kazakhstan

29/30 Jupiter’s Great Red Spot Set of Voyager I

30/30 Chandra Observatory Looks A Heart In The Dark

1/30 Earth from ISS

From the International Space Station, Expedition 42 Flight Engineer Terry W. Virts took this Photography of the Gulf of Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico at sunset

Nasa

2/30 Frosty Slopes of Mars

This image of a Mars area, about 1.5 kilometers in size, shows frost golden on a south-facing slope within a crater. The image was taken by Nasa HiRISE camera, mounted on its Mars Reconaissance Orbiter

Nasa

3/30 The Orion Capsule spins down

The Orion Capsule poured into space before it went back a few hours later – has shown that it can be used a day to carry people to Mars

Nasa

4/30 Soyuz TMA-15M Rocket Launch

Soyuz TMA-15M Rocket Launch from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Monday, November 24, 2014 , which transports three new astronauts to the International Space Station. It also took caviar ready for satellite residents to celebrate the holiday

Nasa

5/30 Yellowstone from Space

NASA astronaut Reid Wiseman shared this image of Yellowstone via his twitter account

Nasa [19659081] 6/30 Black Hole Friday

Nasa celebrated Black Friday by looking at space instead – sharing photos of black holes

Nasa

7/30 NuSTAR

X-rays flow from The sun in this image depicting observations from NASA’s nuclear spectroscopic telescopic array or NuSTAR, based on an image taken by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)

Nasa

8/30 Saturn

This infrared color image shows a mirror reflection, or sunbathing, of a hydrocarbon lake called Kivu Lacus on Saturnus Titan

Nasa

9/30 Worlds Apart

Although Mimas and Pandora, here both, show Saturn, they are very oli ka moons. Pandora, “small” with moon standards (50 miles or 81 kilometers above) is elongate and irregular in shape. Mimas (246 miles or 396 kilometers across), a “medium-sized” moon, formed in a sphere of self-esteem because of its higher mass

Nasa

10/30 Solar Flare

A solar beam in the X1.6 class flashes in the middle of the sun in this image taken September 10, captured by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory

Nasa

11/30 Solar Flare

A photo from Nasa Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) shows a 200,000-mile solar filament ripping through the sun’s corona in September 2013

Nasa

12/30 Cassiopeia A c

A fake color image of Cassiopeia A consisting of data from Spitzer and the Hubble Space Telescope and the Chandra X-ray Observatory

Nasa

13/30 Big Magellanic Cloud Galaxy

An image of the Great Magellanic Cloud Galaxy seen in infrared light by Herschel Space Observatory. Rums like this are where new stars are born from a mixture of elements and cosmic dust

Nasa

14/30 Mars Rover Spirit

Nasa Mars Rover Spirit took the first image from the Spirit since communication problems began a week earlier. The image shows the robotic arm extended to the mountain Adirondack

Nasa

15/30 Morning Aurora From the Space Station

Nasa astronaut Scott Kelly captured this photograph of Aurora’s green light from the International Space Station

16/30 Launch of History – Making STS-41G Missions 1984

The space challenge challenges Florida at dawn. On this mission, Kathryn Sullivan became the first American woman to perform a space walk and Marc Garneau became the first Canadian in space. The crew of seven was the largest to fly on a spacecraft at that time and the STS-41G was the first flight involving two female astronauts

17/30 A new perspective on an extraordinary galaxy cluster

Galaxy clusters are often described by superlative. They are after all enormous conglomerations of galaxies, hot gas and dark matter, representing the largest structures in the universe clustered by gravity

18/30 Veilnebula Supernova Remnant

Nasa’s space telescope Hubble has been unveiled in a wonderful detail a small part of Veil Nebula – expanding remains of a massive star that exploded about 8000 years ago

19/30 Hubble sees a galactic sunflower

The arrangement of the spiral arms of the galaxy Messier 63 is seen in a picture from Space Telescope Nasa Hubble, recalls the pattern in the middle of a sunflower

20/30 A Hubble Cosmic Couple

The spectacular cosmic mating of the star Hen 2-427 – more commonly known as WR 124 and Nebula M1-67 which surrounds it

21/30 Pluto image

Four images from New Horizon’s Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) were combined with color data from the Ralph instrument to create To this enhanced color image over Pluto

22/30 Fresh crater near Sirenum Fossae region Mars

HiRISE camera aboard Nasa Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter acquired this close-up image of a “fresh” (on geological scale, but quite old in human scale) affects crater in the Sirenum Fossae region of Mars. This battlefield appears relatively recently because it has a sharp edge and well-preserved

23/30 Earth Observations from Gemini IV 1965

This photograph of Florida Straits and Grand Bahama Bank was taken under Gemini IV missions under orbit No. . 19 in 1965. The Gemini IV crew conducted scientific experiments, including photography of the earth’s weather and terrain, for the remainder of their four-day mission following Ed White’s historic spacecraft on June 3

24/30 Nasa celebrates 50 years of Spacewalking

For 50 years, NASA has been “fit” for space migration. In this 1984 photograph of the first unclean spacecraft, NASA astronaut Bruce McCandless is in the midst of the first “field” trial of a nitrogen-powered backpack unit called Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU)

25/30 Hubble Peers in the most Narrow Place in Winter Street

This Nasa Hubble Space Telescope image features Arches Cluster, the densest known star cluster in Winter Street

26/30 An Astronaut’s View from Space

NASA Astronaut Reid Wiseman tweeted this photo from the International Space Station On March 2, 2014

27/30 Giant Landform on Mars

On Mars we observe four classes of sandy land forms formed by the wind or aesthetic bed forms: ripples, transverse Aeolian ridges, dunes and what is called ” rot “

28/30 Expedition 39 Landing

A sokol helmet can be seen within the framework of the Soyuz TMA-11M capsule shortly after spacecraft landed m ed ex pedition 39 Commander Koichi Wakata from Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Soyuz Commander Mikhail Tyurin of Roscosmos, and Air Engineer Rick Mastracchio of NASA near the city of Zhezkazgan, Kazakhstan

29/30 Jupiter’s Great Red Spot Set of Voyager I

30/30 Chandra Observatory Looks A Heart In The Dark

We know about the two phenomena because of the effects on other issues that we can see. But we know nothing about them directly, including what they may be physically constructed of.

A researcher from Oxford University has proposed a new theory that would bring them together and solve a question that haunted astronomers and astrophysics for decades. [19659002] Dr Farnes suggests that both dark energy and dark matter are a “negative mass” fluid. That means, in fact, that it would be the inversion of normal mass: if you pressed it, it would be pushed towards you.

The implications for such a breakthrough proposal are huge and offer a solution to what the vast amount of missing things can be.

“We now believe that both dark matter and dark energy can be combined into a fluid that has a kind of” negative gravity “and rejects all other material around them,” says Dr. Farnes. “Although this issue is rare for us, it suggests that our cosmos is symmetrical in both positive and negative qualities.”

Negative matter has been suggested earlier as it would mean that the material would become less dense when the universe expands. It would contradict real observations, which shows that dark energy does not thin out over time.

Dr. Farne’s theory, however, suggests that new dark energy is created all the time. As more and more negative energy is constantly blowing into existence, such a fluid would not dilute as the universe is expanded.

The proposed fluid seems to work exactly as dark energy does.

“The result seems pretty beautiful: dark energy and dark matter can be combined into a single substance, with both effects simply declare as positive mass matter of surfing on an ocean of negative masses,” he says.

Scientists now hope that the theory can be tested using the huge square kilometer array, which is being built now and when it’s done, will be the world’s largest telescope. But if it really can fix LambdaCDM, explains our current image of the universe, what exactly the dark matter and energy that has been so problematic because our physics consists of.

“There are still many theoretical problems and computational simulations to work through, and LambdaCDM has a beginning of almost 30 years, but I look forward to seeing this new expanded version of LambdaCDM can accurately match other observative evidence of our cosmology, he says. “If it is real, it would suggest that the missing 95% of the cosmos had an aesthetic solution: we had forgotten to include a simple minus sign.”

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