Categories: Beauty

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes

Hello friends of WebChaat! I’ll be back one more week with more cool content 😉 Today we have to talk…

Hello friends of WebChaat! I’ll be back one more week with more cool content 😉 Today we have to talk about perfumes. Do you know how to differentiate between EDT, EDP and EDC? If the answer is no, today you will leave doubts 🙂

The world of perfumes is an ocean of possibilities. In this post you will know everything you need to know to differentiate them.

  • EDT, EDP and EDC, how are they different?
  • Olfactory families, the DNA of perfumes
  • Choose your perfect perfume

If you’re curious, do not hesitate to join me for this olfactory trip to the world of perfumes.

We start!

EDT, EDP and EDC, how are they different?

The world of perfumes is very complex, and has been around for centuries. From the times of the Middle Ages, aromatic products were manufactured, although its boom was in France back in the 14th century . Each essence is designed for a specific age range, and the great variety that exists makes it difficult to choose only one. The different aromas make them be from one family or another. Without a doubt, it is necessary to have a minimum knowledge of these products in order to choose the one that best It suits your needs, your lifestyle and your skin.

Therefore, in this post you will find the basic notions to know how to differentiate perfumes and thus be able to choose safely.

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes

The first thing is to know that any essence It is made from extracts of aromatic oils (natural and synthetic) , diluted in water and alcohol. The difference is marked by the oil, which is the essence of the perfume, so the higher the percentage of it, the more intense and lasting it will be the aroma.

Surely you have ever doubted when choosing a fragrance, since many are in different formats (EDP, EDT and EDC). Do not you know what they mean? Well keep reading:

  • Eau de Cologne (EDC) or Cologne . This format is the lightest, since it only contains between 6 and 8% essence. This makes it perfect for the hottest times, and you can apply enough without fear of recharging too much. The bad thing is that the smell does not last too many hours (maximum 3) so you have to repeat the application several times throughout the day.
  • Eau de Toilette (EDT) . These fragrances are still fresh but the duration is increased (from 3 to 5 hours), since the essence concentration is higher (8 to 15%). Therefore, they are still a good option for daily use and for hot periods.
  • Eau de Parfum (EDP) . The concentration of essence increases up to 16-18%. In this case, the duration of the fragrance can reach six hours. It is the most economical version of perfumes, which we will see below. This format, on the other hand, is not recommended for hot periods.
  • Perfume or Parfum . We are already talking about the most sophisticated perfumes. Its concentration is 20-30%, and the duration can exceed eight hours. By carrying such a large amount of essence, you have to dose your application a lot and use small amounts in strategic places (wrists and neck). These perfumes are best suited for formal events and for winter months.
  • Elixir. This format is found in some brands. It is the same perfume, although in a more intense version. Its price is usually quite high.

As you see, they are easy to differentiate. You just have to look at the label and in the degree of concentration of aroma . In general, men’s perfumes are usually Eau de Toilette, while those of women are Eau de Parfum. It is better to have more than one! 🙂

Now that you know the different perfume formats and how to distinguish them, it’s time to know more about the olfactory families , another key point when choosing a perfume.

We continue!

Olfactory families, the DNA of perfumes

What is the structure of a perfume? This is defined by the olfactory pyramid, which consists of three types of notes: head, heart and background . These develop over time, so each one corresponds to a specific moment. These are:

  • Output note. These are the aromas that the fragrance gives off during the first 15 minutes. It is the first impression of a perfume, since they are light and volatile odors that do not last long. They have as main component citrus essences, which bring freshness and intensity to the fragrance.
  • Heart notes . It is the soul of the fragrance. It defines the intensity of the perfume, its personality and character. They begin to be perceived after the first 15 minutes and last on the skin after 6 hours. Therefore, it is the aroma that has more to like, because it will be the key to the fragrance.
  • Background notes These put the finishing touch to the identity of the perfume. The essences that form the basis of the olfactory pyramid are extracts of wood, amber, musk or spices, to give depth to the fragrances. These aromas begin to be noticed after two hours, giving rise to the final and most lasting aroma.

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes

Distinguishing all the notes of a perfume is not an easy task, since it can be composed of hundreds of aromas. According to El Español, the French Perfume Committee has for more than a century devised an official cataloging system, in which perfumes are grouped into seven great families , which in turn are divided into numerous subfamilies. The possibilities are endless! These are the seven great aromas:

  • Citric. These fragrances are the freshest and cleanest, very volatile, so they tend to have less duration. They are based on essential oils extracted from lemon and orange peels, as well as grapefruit, tangerine and bergamot.
  • Floral. This is the most popular and largest family. Its most outstanding ingredients are jasmine, roses, violets, narcissus, lilies and geranium.
  • Oriental. They make reference to the smells, tastes, colors and landscapes of the East. They are made from balsamic oils, vanilla and resins, spices (clove, pepper and cardamom), plants (ginger, cocoa and licorice), woods, amber and musk.
  • Leather. These family is one of the oldest in perfumery. They are usually accompanied by smoked notes, attacked or woody, so the fragrances are dry and very intense.
  • Fougére (Fern). This family has its origin in 1882 with the creation of the perfume ‘Fougére Royale (Houbigan)’, and is composed of fragrances that start from the same base, created with notes of lavender, moss, holm oak, woods and bergamot, to evoke the environment of a forest.
  • Chypre. It also has its origin in the aromas that François Coty used to create his perfume ‘Chypre’ in 1917, and it is also a combination, made from bergamot, flowers, patchouli, moss, amber, body and musk. They tend to be very sensual perfumes, full-bodied and long-lasting, appropriate for the night.
  • Woody. In this family we find cedar, birch or sandalwood, as well as essences of moss, vetiver and patchouli. In 80% of the perfumes that are currently on the market we find some notes of wood.

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes

Which is your favorite? No doubt there are endless possibilities to choose 😉

The next step is that you see all these keys reflected in the final product. We continue!

Choose your perfect perfume

If you liked any of the previous formats or you have immense desire to try the notes of a family, in this section you can choose your perfect perfume according to the characteristics that most call your attention. This is my selection!


  • Splendor, by Elisabeth Arden (EDP). Its notes are pineapple, wisteria, freesia, peony, hyacinth, apple, sweet pea and bergamot; the heart notes are magnolia, tea rose, lily, poppy, orchid, jasmine, lily of the valley (lily) and rose; and the base notes are sandalwood, amber, dark woody notes, musk, cedar and Brazil rosewood.

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes


  • Omnia Crystalline, by Bvlgari (EDT) . Top notes are bamboo and pear; The Heart Notes are lotus, cassia and tea; The base notes are musk, oak moss and gaiac wood.

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes


  • Aromatics Elixir, by Clinique. Its olfactory pyramid has some output notes of aldehydes, cilantro, chamomile, clary sage, cedrón (lemon verbena, verbena de olor), bergamot, Brazil rosewood and geranium; some notes of heart based on carnation, tuberose, orange blossom, lily root, jasmine, ylang-ylang and rose; and a base notes of sandalwood, patchouli, musk, oak moss, vetiver and incense.

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes


  • Narciso, by Narciso Rodríguez (EDT). The first thing you notice when using it are the notes of Damascene rose of Bulgaria and peony; the heart notes are musk and finally the mix of noble woods is perceived in the background notes thanks to the extract of white cedar, cedar and vetiver.

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes


  • La Petite Robe Noire, by Guerlain (EDP). In its olfactory composition, vanilla stands out. Its notes are bergamot, almond, sour cherry (cherry) and red berries; those of heart are tea, rose, rose of Taif and licorice; and the background ones of anise, tonka bean, vanilla, patchouli and iris.

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes


  • Elie Saab (EDP) . The perfumer Kurkdjian used orange blossom, jasmine, cedar and patchouli to create this scent. It has a unique aroma but not irritating, which is ideal for any occasion and at any time of the year.

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes

The definitive guide to differentiate perfumes

So here my post about perfumes. I hope it helps! 🙂

If you liked it, do not hesitate to share it on your social networks!

I’ll be back next week with new content for you. See you soon! 😎

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