It's embarrassing, but astrophysics are the first to admit it. Our best theoretical model can only explain 5% of the…
It’s embarrassing, but astrophysics are the first to admit it. Our best theoretical model can only explain 5% of the universe.
The remaining 95% are famous almost entirely of invisible, unknown material called dark energy and dark matter.
So, although there are billions of trillion stars in the observable universe, they are actually extremely rare.
The two mysterious dark subjects can only be read from gravity effects.
Our best theoretical model can only explain 5% of the universe. The remaining 95% are famous consisting of almost completely invisible, unknown material called dark energy and dark matter.
Dark matter may be an invisible material, but it exerts a gravity on surrounding matter that we can measure.
Dark energy is a repulsive force that makes the universe growing at an accelerating pace.
The two have always been treated as separate phenomena.
But my new study, published in astronomy and astrophysics, suggests that they both can be part of the same strange concept – a single, uniform “dark fluid” of negative masses.
Negative masses are a hypothetical form of matter that would have a kind of negative gravity – reject all other material around them.
Unlike familiar positive mass, if a negative mass was pressed, it would accelerate towards you rather than away from you.
Negative masses are not a new idea in cosmology. Like normal matter, negative mass particles would become more dispersed as the universe expands – which means their repulsive power would become weaker over time.
A new study, published in astronomy and astrophysics, suggests dark matter and dark energy can be included in the same strange concept – a single, uniform “dark fluid” of negative masses. Bubbles can be modeled as a negative mass, explains the researcher. Filfoto
Studies have, however, shown that the power that drives the universe’s accelerating expansion is relentlessly constant.
This inconsistency has previously enabled researchers to abandon this idea. If a dark liquid is present, it should not thin out over time.
In the new study, I propose a modification of Einstein’s theory of general relativity to allow negative masses not only to exist but to be created continuously.
& # 39; Matter Creation & # 39; was already included in an early alternative theory to the Big Bang, known as the Steady State model.
The main assumption was that (positive mass) matter was continuously created to replenish materials expanded by the universe. We now know from the observation that this is incorrect.
What’s a dumb topic?
Dark matter is a hypothetical substance which states that it represents about 27 percent of the universe.
The enigmatic material is invisible because it does not reflect light and has never been observed directly
The European Space Agency says: “Make a torch in a dark room and you’ll just see what the burner is on.”
Astronomers know that it’s out there because of its gravity effects on known matter. .
Dark matter is a hypothetical substance, said to be about 27 percent of the universe. It is considered to be the gravitational glue that holds the galaxies together (the artist’s impression)
“This does not mean that the room around you does not exist.”
& # 39; In the same way, we know that there is dark matter but never observed it is direct.
The material is considered to be the gravitational glue that holds the galaxies.
Calculations show that many galaxies would break apart instead of rotating if they were not assembled by a large amount of dark matter.
Only five percent of it observable universe consists of known materials as atoms and subatomic particles.
However, this does not mean that negative masses of matter can not be continuously created. I show that this assumed dark liquid is never spread to narrow. Instead, it behaves like dark energy. 19659002] I also developed a 3D computer model of this hypothetical universe to see if it could also explain the physical nature of the dark matter.
Dark matter was introduced to explain the fact that the galaxies spin a lot faster than our models predict. This means that some invisible matter must be present to prevent them from spinning.
My model shows that The surrounding repulsive power of dark liquid can also hold a galaxy.
The force of the positive mass galaxy attracts negative masses from all directions, and because the negative masses come closer to the galaxy, it, in turn, exerts a stronger repulsive force on the galaxy that allows spinning at higher speeds without flying apart.
It therefore seems that a simple minus sign can solve one of the longest standing problems in physics.
One can argue that this sounds a bit far from it. But while negative masses are bizarre, they are significantly less strange than you might think right away.
First of all, these effects can only be strange and unknown to us, because we live in a region dominated by positive masses.
If physical real or not, negative masses already have a theoretical role in a large number of areas.
Air bubbles in water can be modeled as a negative mass. Recent laboratory research has also generated particles that behave exactly as they would if they had negative masses.
And physicists are already familiar with the concept of negative energy density.
According to quantum mechanics, empty space consists of a field of fluctuating background energy that can be negative in places – giving rise to waves and virtual particles that enter into and out of existence.
Dark matter can be an invisible material, but it exerts a gravity on surrounding matter that we can measure. Dark energy is a repulsive force that allows the universe to expand at an accelerating pace. Filfoto
This can even create a small force that can be measured in the lab.
The new study can help solve many problems in modern physics. String theory, which is our best hope to reconcile the physics of the world of Kvin with Einstein’s theory of cosmos, is currently considered incompatible with observational evidence.
String theory suggests that the energy in the empty space must be negative, confirming the theoretical expectations of a negative mass of dark fluid.
In addition, the team behind the groundbreaking discovery of an acceleration universe discovered surprising evidence of a negative mass cosmology, but took the reasonable caution to interpret these controversial results as “unphysical.”
Theory could also solve the problem of measuring the expansion of the universe.
This is explained by Hubble-Lemaître Law, the observation that more distant galaxies move at a faster pace.
The relationship between the speed and the distance for a galaxy is determined by the “Hubble constant”, but the measurements of it have continued to vary. This has led to a crisis in cosmology.
Fortunately, a negative mass cosmology predicts mathematically that Hubble “constant” should vary over time. It is clear that there is evidence that this strange and unconventional new theory deserves our scientific attention.
The creator of the cosmology area, Albert Einstein, – together with other researchers, including Stephen Hawking – negative masses. In fact, Einstein wrote in 1918 that his theory of general relativity may need to be changed to include them.
Despite these efforts, a negative mass cosmos could be wrong. The theory seems to provide answers to as many current open questions as researchers – rightly – will be quite suspicious.
However, there are often out-of-the-box ideas that provide answers to long-term issues.
Dark Energy is a phrase used by physicists to describe a mysterious “something” that causes unusual things to happen in the universe.
The universe is full of matter and the attractive force of gravity draws all the matter together.
Then, in 1998, the Hubble Space Telescope saw observations of very distant supernovaes, which showed that the universe actually grew slower than today.
The universe does not only expand, but expands faster and faster over time, “Doctor Kathy Romer, Researcher at Dark Energy Survey told MailOnline, as illustrated in this Nasa graphics
So the universe’s expansion has not been slowed because of gravity, which everyone thought it has accelerated.
Nobody expected this, no-one knew how to explain it. But that was something that caused it.
“The universe is not only expanding, but it expands faster and faster in time,” Kathy Romer, researcher at the Dark Energy Survey, MailOnline, told.
“What We” Expectations are that the expansion would be slower and slower over time, as it has been almost 14 billion years since the Big Bang. “
The strong accumulated evidence has now grown to the point we must consider this unusual opportunity.
The largest telescope that will ever be built – Square Kilometer Array (SKA) – will measure the distribution of galaxies through the history of the universe .
I plan to use SKA to compare their observations with theoretical predictions for both a negative masscosmology and the usual one that ultimately helps prove if there are negative masses in our reality.
What is clear is that this new theory brings a lot of new questions, as with all scientific discoveries, the adventure does not end here.
In fact, the quest to understand the true nature of this beautiful, unified and perhaps polarized universe has just begun.