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Tension is easing in Gaza, which allows money and fuel to roll in

In addition to the first steps, much more needs to be done for a firearm to grab, say people familiar…

In addition to the first steps, much more needs to be done for a firearm to grab, say people familiar with the Egyptian plan.

In the next few weeks, Hamas expects to hold protests – enabling peaceful demonstrations, but prevents people from using explosives or wire cutters to damage the fence, for example, said Basem Naim, a former Gaza health minister.

In return, Hamas expects Egypt to relieve the movement of Gaza residents through the Rafah crossing to Sinai. Hamas wants Israel to expand Gaza’s fishing zone to 12, 14 or even 20 nautical miles in the Mediterranean, and to increase the number of businessmen in Gaza, it allows it across the Israeli border.

Hamas also wants thousands of Gaza workers to cross Israel, which Israel has rejected so far for safety reasons. But Celine Touboul, a Gaza expert at the Israeli Economic Cooperation Foundation, said it could change.

“A year ago, Israeli officials had told you in some way that they would allow a transfer of money to Hamas officials.” She said. “But the situation is so tense, they have changed.”

However, a more lasting détente between Israel and Gaza would require progress in areas where the differences seem inevitable. Israel wants Hamas to abandon two Israeli prisoners and two Israeli soldiers bodies as a prerequisite for allowing major international reconstruction projects in Gaza. Hamas has so far refused demand, unless it is part of a large-scale prison move.

And Egypt’s main purpose is to restore the Palestinian Authority to the power of Gaza. But Mr. Abbas is unlikely to accompany it unless Hamas is unilaterally dismissed or Israel gives assurances that it will not punish him if Hamas, on his watch, is going to use weapons against Israel.

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