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Teen vaping continues to rise, survey finds

"So we have very good news," she said, "but at the same time, we have to be vigilant, because of this very high uptake and embracing of vaping by teenagers that could lead them to the administration of other drugs. " Vaping: 'A Real Problem' This year is the second in which the Monitoring the Future survey asked high schoolers about vaping specific substances: nicotine, marijuana or just flavoring. Flavoring was The most commonly reported substance among eight-degree at 15.1%, followed by nicotine at 10.9% and then marijuana at 4.4%. Tenth grade reported identical rates for flavoring and nicotine, but 12.4% reported vaping marijuana. Among 1 2th-degree, 29.7% reported vaping nicotine, 25.7% flavoring and 13.1% marijuana. "You're seeing right now that 30% of the 12th grade last year were exposed to nicotine," Volkow said. "Another issue of concern is, these devices are very efficient at delivering drugs quickly into your brain and, in doing so, deliver the drugs in ways that make them more addictive – and so it's not just nicotine. Now we also know that they are using it for 9THC, "or tetrahydrocannabinol, a cannabinoid chemical in marijuana, she said. Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, a professor of pediatrics in Stanford University's Division of Adolescent Medicine, called this increase in vaping alarming but not surprising because of new products such as popular e-cigarette maker Juul. "However, since MTF does not appear to separate out vaping vs. Juuling in their survey, it's hard to know what the youth are using," Halpern-Felsher said…

“So we have very good news,” she said, “but at the same time, we have to be vigilant, because of this very high uptake and embracing of vaping by teenagers that could lead them to the administration of other drugs. “

Vaping: ‘A Real Problem’

This year is the second in which the Monitoring the Future survey asked high schoolers about vaping specific substances: nicotine, marijuana or just flavoring.

Flavoring was The most commonly reported substance among eight-degree at 15.1%, followed by nicotine at 10.9% and then marijuana at 4.4%.

Tenth grade reported identical rates for flavoring and nicotine, but 12.4% reported vaping marijuana. Among 1

2th-degree, 29.7% reported vaping nicotine, 25.7% flavoring and 13.1% marijuana.

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“You’re seeing right now that 30% of the 12th grade last year were exposed to nicotine,” Volkow said.

“Another issue of concern is, these devices are very efficient at delivering drugs quickly into your brain and, in doing so, deliver the drugs in ways that make them more addictive – and so it’s not just nicotine. Now we also know that they are using it for 9THC, “or tetrahydrocannabinol, a cannabinoid chemical in marijuana, she said.

Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, a professor of pediatrics in Stanford University’s Division of Adolescent Medicine, called this increase in vaping alarming but not surprising because of new products such as popular e-cigarette maker Juul.

“However, since MTF does not appear to separate out vaping vs. Juuling in their survey, it’s hard to know what the youth are using,” Halpern-Felsher said of the new report.

“The overall decline or stabilization of other drug use is promising, although the increase in vaping marijuana is about,” she said. “Clearly, youth drug prevention messages need to go beyond conventional drugs and include all forms of nicotine and vaping . “

 Vaping now an epidemic among US high schoolers

The overall increase in vaping in the survey appears to be consistent with data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showing a 78% increase in youth vaping between 2017 and 2018, said Dr. Pamela Ling, a professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco, who works with the school’s Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education and was not involved with the new report.

The Food and Drug Administration “has also recognized an ‘epidemic’ of youth vaping. The consistency of these data suggests this is a real problem, “Ling said.

” While we see declines in cigarette smoking among youth, the increases in vaping may lead to overall rates of tobacco or nicotine use increasing. We also know from many longitudinal studies of youth that those who use e-cigarettes are about three times more likely to start smoking cigarettes, “she said.” The increase in vaping goes against the trends for all other drugs and alcohol, which are declining. That’s a problem. “

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In historical context,” the absolute increases in the prevalence of nico tine vaping among 12th grade and 10th grade is the largest ever recorded by Monitoring the Future in the 44 years that it has continuously tracked dozens of substances, “the authors of the report wrote in a letter to the editor Monday in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Meanwhile, the traditional use of cigarettes remained at the lowest levels in the survey’s history.

Daily cigarette use was reported by 0.8% of eighth-degree, 1.8% or 10th-degree and 3.6% of 12th-grade in 2018, the survey showed. Lifetime cigarette use among 12th degrees went down from 26.6% in 2017 to 23.8% in 2018, and past-month usage declined from 9.7% to 7.6%.

In general, drugs at historic low levels of use in 2018 were alcohol, cigarettes, heroin, prescription opioids, MDMA (ecstasy or molly), methamphetamine, amphetamines, sedatives and ketamine.

Alcohol and opioid use dropping among teens

Although alcohol and binge drinking rates appeared to be on the decline, alcohol was still the most commonly used substance in the report, Volkow said.

Past-month use of alcohol was reported by 8.2%, 18.6% and 30.2% of eighth, 10th and 12th degrees, respectively, according to the survey. De procenten van tieners die ooit met alcohol hebben gedaald droegen zo veel als 58% van zijn top in 1994.

“Even ouders hebben een tolerantie voor alcohol, en in veel gevallen kunnen ze even de alcohol voor partijen dat ze zijn Holding in their house, with the sense that, what harm is there to let teenagers drink when they’re home? ” Volkow said.

“So we have a culture about drinking that is very accepted, but that’s slowly changing. I think changes in attitudes are partly responsible about why we are seeing the decreases.”

The new report also showed a significant drop over the past five years in the percentage of teenagers, especially 12th grade, using opioids despite the ongoing epidemic among adults in the United States

“It is fascinating that despite the fact that we have very high rates of opioids and heroin among adults, adolescents have the lowest rates that we have seen since the inception of the survey, “Volkow said.

For example, Vicodin use dropped by 58.4% in eight-degree, 75.4% in 10th-degree and 67.2 % in 12th grade, according to the report.

The survey also showed a shift in how easy teens think opioid drugs are to access.

One in three 12th grade, or 32.5%, said in this year’s report that prescription opioids were easily available, compare d with more than 54.2% in 2010.

“Intriguingly, when they go to college or go to work, you see the highest rates of opioid use among 18 to 24 years of age. So there is a big gap between the patterns of consumption of opioids in teenagers and then when they go into young adulthood, “Volkow said.

She added that the difficulty of youths face in accessing opioid drugs could explain this strong difference in use between teenagers and young adults.

“I think many of the campaigns that are trying to make it harder to get access to prescription opioids have had an effect,” Volkow said.

“This has been decreasing the number of prescription opioids given in our country, of the number of tablets given, and as a result of that, there are less tablets in parents’ cabinets, and they are actually harder to get even in the black market, “she said.

” Also , misschien educatieve campagnes over de hoge risico’s van overdoseringen die zijn geassocieerd met het gebruik van deze stoffen, al deze factoren kunnen hebben een positieve impact (on) teenagers. “

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