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Surgeons found completely shaped teeth deep inside a child's brain

Having noticed a child's head grew unusually fast for his age, the surgeon eventually led to an incredibly rare medical condition: a brain tumor with full-blown teeth. Reporting in New England Journal of Medicine back 2014, neurosurgeons from the University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins Children's Center in Baltimore conducted an MRI brain scan of the 4-month-old child. 19659002] The scans revealed the presence of a walnut size tumor, which also appeared to have several small structures along its right side (pictured below). The child was quickly driven to remove the tumor. Growth itself was found to be a craniopharyngioma [arareformofbraintumorderivedfromtheembryonictissueofthepituitaryglandThetumorsareusuallyfoundinyoungchildrenalthoughtheymayalsooccurinadultsTheyarelocatednearthepituitaryglandwhichisahormoneregulatorlocatedinthemiddleofthebrain'sbottomTheyarebenignwhichmeansthattheyarecancer-freeandusuallydonotspreadbuttheycancauseproblemswithhormonesduetotheirproximitytothepituitarygland A) The MRI scan of the infant's brain, with arrows pointing to full-shaped teeth. B) Surgery that removes the tumor and teeth. New England Journal of Medicine © 2014. However, this was just the beginning of the unusual features of the case. During brain surgery, the surgeons discovered that the tumor was embedded with "several fully formed teeth". Teeth tumors are commonly known as teratoms which can often contain a variety of tissue pieces, such as hair, muscle or bone. However, it is not clear how or why the teeth ended up in craniopharyngioma. "It's not every day you see teeth in any type of tumor in the brain. In a craniopharyngioma, it's tremendous," says Dr. Narlin Beaty, a neurosurgeon at the University of Maryland Medical Center, who performed the surgery, speaking to . Live Science The tumor was removed and the baby was noticeably recovering steadily during the…

Having noticed a child’s head grew unusually fast for his age, the surgeon eventually led to an incredibly rare medical condition: a brain tumor with full-blown teeth.

Reporting in New England Journal of Medicine back 2014, neurosurgeons from the University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins Children’s Center in Baltimore conducted an MRI brain scan of the 4-month-old child. 19659002] The scans revealed the presence of a walnut size tumor, which also appeared to have several small structures along its right side (pictured below). The child was quickly driven to remove the tumor. Growth itself was found to be a craniopharyngioma [arareformofbraintumorderivedfromtheembryonictissueofthepituitaryglandThetumorsareusuallyfoundinyoungchildrenalthoughtheymayalsooccurinadultsTheyarelocatednearthepituitaryglandwhichisahormoneregulatorlocatedinthemiddleofthebrain’sbottomTheyarebenignwhichmeansthattheyarecancer-freeandusuallydonotspreadbuttheycancauseproblemswithhormonesduetotheirproximitytothepituitarygland

A) The MRI scan of the infant’s brain, with arrows pointing to full-shaped teeth. B) Surgery that removes the tumor and teeth. New England Journal of Medicine © 2014.

However, this was just the beginning of the unusual features of the case. During brain surgery, the surgeons discovered that the tumor was embedded with “several fully formed teeth”. Teeth tumors are commonly known as teratoms which can often contain a variety of tissue pieces, such as hair, muscle or bone. However, it is not clear how or why the teeth ended up in craniopharyngioma.

“It’s not every day you see teeth in any type of tumor in the brain. In a craniopharyngioma, it’s tremendous,” says Dr. Narlin Beaty, a neurosurgeon at the University of Maryland Medical Center, who performed the surgery, speaking to . Live Science

The tumor was removed and the baby was noticeably recovering steadily during the months following the surgery, however, he continued to suffer from treatable hormone problems and was treated with thyroid and adrenal hormone, Dr. Beaty added that the teeth were sent to a pathologist for further research and The tissue samples have been kept for other researchers to investigate in the future.

“He is developing good development and as part of his follow-up, he is currently undergoing routine MRI,” the case report ends.


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