Airbus celebrates the successful launch of a satellite heading to the planet Merkurius. The aviation industry led the construction of…
Airbus celebrates the successful launch of a satellite heading to the planet Merkurius.
The aviation industry led the construction of BepiColombo spacecraft, which will help researchers study the sun’s nearest planet and its environment.
Mercury has not explored much. NASA says that Mariner 10 was sent to the plan in 1973 in an airplane mission and the Messenger Spacecraft merited mercury 2011.
BepiColombo is expected to arrive at Mercury 2025 after an 8.5 billion mile journey and allow researchers to study the planet’s environment with the 16 instruments on board .
“This very complex assignment is the result of truly inspiring international collaboration among 83 companies from 16 European countries and Japan,” said Nicolas Chamussy, Airbus Space Systems.  Hot planet
The spacecraft consists of two vehicles that will simultaneously observe the planet. It was launched from the Kourou space port in French Guiana.
Although the smallest planet in the solar system is Mercury riddled with craters, suggests a number of effects that have occurred because there is no significant atmosphere, Space.com says.
However, the temperature fluctuates wildly from high 450 ° C to low at -170 ° C at night, the greatest temperature swing in the solar system.
Airbus must make sure BepiColombo, known affectionately as “Bepi”, was designed to cope with the harsh space environment.
“All major missions come with challenges: Airbus had to develop sophisticated thermal control solutions and even” special “sunbeds that can lean 75 degrees away from the sun to limit the temperature. Now the challenge is to complete the trip safely and deliver the science we are all waiting for, “said Chamussy.
The spacecraft was launched on an Ariane 5 rocket that will enter the 120,000 km / h sun lane.
I n to ensure that the probe is successful bane Mercury has used a number of strategies to slow it down.
The European Space Operations Center in Darmstadt, Germany, developed an electric propulsion system to brake the craft for only 60 days in its journey.
Bepi will also make nine planet passers: One of the Earth, two of Ve nus and six of Mercury.
Finally, xenon-powered ion guns with 14m at 1.8m powered rails are being used to slow down the vehicle.
Because Bepi makes its final approach to Mercury, its transmission module, which holds the thrusters and arrays, will jettisoned and the orbits will operate in position.
Bepi was built as a joint project between the European Space Agency and the Japanese Space Agency.
The satellite was named in honor of Professor Giuseppe “Bepi” Colombo who participated in Marinera’s success 10 mission in the 1970s.
The cost of the assignment is estimated at 1.65 billion euros (approximately R27.1 billion).
“This international effort with Airbus teams from five countries is the natural consequence of humanity’s desire to discover more about this little known planet and the origin of our solar system,” said Chamussy.
Specify facts and figures
Height  6.4 meter
Number of mission parts
Arrival at Mercury
Distance to travel
 8.5 billion kilometers
€ 1.65 billion
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