Breast cancer among women is increasing. Along with it, cancer of the endometrium and ovaries is also rising. With early…
Breast cancer among women is increasing. Along with it, cancer of the endometrium and ovaries is also rising. With early detection is crucial, doctors repeat the need for breast examination, rapid identification of abnormalities and screening for women.
Among the factors that put women in danger zone is a sedentary lifestyle, changes in eating habits and stress, experts said. Unlike earlier, breast cancer has passed into cervical cancer in Chennai. “From 2002 to 2003, cervical cancer was the main cancer affecting women. Breast cancer has gradually increased, and now it affects them the most,” said V. Shanta, chairman of the Cancer Institute, Adyar. She pointed out that when the rate of breast cancer rises, the prevalence of endometrial and ovarian cancer also increased.
Studies from the Institute found that, with better literacy, the incidence of cervical cancer had decreased. She said that breast cancer was very clear related to education.
“We found that when the education level improved, cervical cancer decreased due to better awareness of hygiene, such as the use of hygiene cushions during the menstrual period. While we can not determine an answer to why breast cancer went up with education, we know that education meant higher socioeconomic status and it resulted in lifestyle changes, she said.
Sedentary lifestyle and changes in food consumption played a key role. “Eating junk food leads to obesity. Both obesity and sedentary lifestyle are risk factors,” said Dr. Shanta.
Increasing stress levels can increase the risk of breast cancer in women, especially in younger women, adding K. Kalaichelvi, Professor and Head of Department of Medical Oncology, Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital.
“There are modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors, the latter being genetic constitution. Women can get married early, have children early and breastfeed their children. They should change their diet and exercise. They should consume foods rich in fiber, less in carbohydrates and fat, and lots of minerals, says Dr. Kalaichelvi. The self-examination of breasts should begin from the age of 25, and screening from 40 years, she added.
Although the proportion of women seeking medical care has improved early over the years, it is still insufficient, Doctor Shanta pointed out.
“Ten years ago, 60% came to 70% women late. Today, it’s about 30% to 40%. This has improved, but not enough, we still have many advanced cases. People do not understand cancer and associate it with pain “Pain is not the first symptom of cancer, and it is often the late symptom,” she said. Dr. Shanta said that 90% of women should go to a gynecologist / obstetrician at any time.
“A gynecological examination and breast examination should made. Women should seek medical advice for intermenstrual bleeding, stinging, postnatal haemorrhage and abnormal bleeding. Lumps of chest and nipple discharge should be labeled. “
There can be no better ambassadors than breast cancer survivors,” she said, adding that they should forward the message of early detection.