Pregnant women are increasingly using marijuana, especially during the first trimester, as alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking fall, according to…
Pregnant women are increasingly using marijuana, especially during the first trimester, as alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking fall, according to research published Monday.
About 5 percent of women aged 18 to 44 used marijuana during pregnancy in 2016, increasing from 2.85 percent in 2002. The latest figures are from an analysis by the Washington University School of Medicine Researcher Arpana Agrawal.
The results were published as a research letter in the Journal of the American Medical Association Pediatrics and based on federal data from the National Drug Abuse and Health Survey.
“Unlike alcohol and cigarette use, prenatal cannabis use has not decreased, especially during the first trimester of pregnancy, which is a key phase of neural development for the fetus,” Mrs Agrawal wrote in the report.
Centers for disease control and preventive warning that marijuana use during pregnancy can lead to low birth we ight for the child and anemia for the mother. The agency also highlights research that shows that children born to women who used marijuana have difficulty in paying attention and difficulty learning.
Ms. Agrawal analyzed questionnaires from more than 1
2,000 pregnant women, most reported their drug and alcohol use during the first trimester.
Of these, cigarette smoking declines from 17.5 percent in 2002 to 10.34 percent in 2016. Similarly, alcohol decreased during pregnancy from 9.59 percent to 8.43 percent.
Ms. Agrawal noted that the decrease in alcohol use during pregnancy was most noteworthy for women aged 18-25 years. Reduction of cigarette smoking was most prevalent in white women, between the ages of 18-25 and those with college or higher education.
On the other hand, women who used marijuana during pregnancy were more likely to become high schools.
Medical marijuana exists in 30 states and the District of Columbia, and recreational sales and use are allowed in nine states and district.  The increasing number of states that legalize marijuana has led to a change of perception and an increase in use, according to an overview published in the Neuropsychopharmacology newspaper in January.
Marijuana use among adults is more widespread in those states where cannabis is legal and where more people, especially young people, see drugs as harmlessly, the report says.
Still, the leading motivations for expectant mothers are not clear.
January harbor found no noticeable change in marijuana use among pregnant women in states where cannabis is legal against those where it is not.
In August, Kaiser Permanente Medical Group published research on more than 220,000 pregnant women in California and found that those who used marijuana reported self-medication against severe symptoms of nausea and vomiting.
“Our findings add important evidence for a small but growing study indicating that some pregnant women can use marijuana for self-medicated morning sickness,” says Kelly Young. author of the study, said in a statement on time.
Despite the CDC’s warnings, researchers are skeptical about the reliability of long-term data. The American Academy of Pediatrics said in an August publication paper that the use of cannabis during pregnancy is more likely to occur along with other illegal drug abuse and cigarette smoking, which does not allow scientists to draw independent conclusions about the association of marijuana on health.
However, the academy recommends wailing on the precautionary side, saying that a number of factors support the recommendation to use marijuana during pregnancy.
This includes the increasing potential of cannabis products and its unknown effects. The amount of marijuana increased by 10 percentage points from 1983 to 2008, according to the August report, especially in states where marijuana is legal.
Little monitoring for the cultivation and production of marijuana exposes the user to taking pesticides, herbicides, rodenticides, fertilizers and other toxins, and modern could pass them to the newborn, warned high school.
“The fact that marijuana is legal in many states can give the impression that the drug is harmless during pregnancy, especially with stories that swirl on social media about using it for nausea with morning sickness,” said Dr. Sheryl A. Ryan, senior writer to the academic recommendation, at the time.
“But it’s still a big question. We do not have good safety data about prenatal exposure to marijuana. Based on the limited data available as pediatrician, we believe there is reason to be concerned about how the drug will affect the children’s long-term development.