A poll was closed most of the country late afternoon. Long-term recession, rising uncertainty and an extensive corruption scandal as…
A poll was closed most of the country late afternoon. Long-term recession, rising uncertainty and an extensive corruption scandal as rocked political and financial institutions were among the many issues that the voters considered.
Polls were closed in most of the country’s major cities, including the capital Brasilia, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
Due to a time difference, polls are closed later on Sunday in the western state of Acre.  Bolsonaro won the first round of elections this month among a field of 13 candidates. But he did not break the 50% needed to win directly and avoid a run-off against Haddad, from the Labor Party.
“This has been a never-before-seen choice,” said Marco Antonio Teixeira, professor of political science at the Getulio Vargas Foundation. “The rhetoric used by both candidates throughout the campaign has been extremely aggressive.”
The hostility has passed to the streets. Dozens of politically motivated acts of violence have been registered by voters, journalists and politicians.
Bolsonaro, 63, stuck in the stomach last month during a rally in the city of Juiz de Fora, in Minas Gerais state.
The event took him off the campaign trail for weeks when he recovered. However, it strengthened its position among Brazilians who were looking for a change.
Another fearing election could lead to more discrimination and hate crime.
Bolsonaro’s increased visibility led to a social media literacy called #elenao, or #nothim, which has been supported throughout the country and internationally.
During his Brazil tour, Pink Floyd’s founder Roger Waters demonstrated the slogan on the stage in neon lights and chanted “ele nao” with the audience.
Protesters have also been chanting the streets during a recent “Women Against Bolsonaro March” in Sao Paulo.
“Bolsonaro has opened a Pandora box,” said protest organizer Luka Franca. “He has received a voice for a right-wing population who wants to touch his prejudices and destroy all those who are different.”
Bolsonaro, compared to US President Donald Trump and Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, has moved controversies by making misogynistic, racist and homophobic comments.
He once told a congressman that she did not deserve to rape because she was “very ugly,” reported Brazil’s TV Globo.
He also publicly said that he preferred to see his son “die in an accident” than a family member being gay.
“This negative discourse he is spreading is killing people,” told Felipe Lago, a 29-year-old fashion producer CNN. “If he wins, who knows what’s happening to us?”
Lago created an Instagram account called “elenaovaoinosmatar” or “he will not kill us” in English shortly after being verbally attacked and threatened by a group of bolsonaro supporters to be gay.
“Although I was afraid, I decided to send in what happened to me on Facebook,” said Lago. “I received many responses from friends and others who said the same thing happened to them.”
His Instagram account has more than 100,000 followers and contains videos by others who say they experienced similar attacks.
In their last days On the campaign trail, both Bolsonaro and Haddad asked their supporters not to participate in violence.
Laura Chinchilla, Head of the Observer Organization for the US States Mission for Sunday Election, said she worried about a fake news phenomenon seen throughout the campaign.
“The phenomenon we see in Brazil can be the first of its kind, mainly because it differs from other election campaigns in other countries,” told Chinchilla for local media Thursday in Sao Paulo.
Whatsapp closed off a number of accounts following an investigation by the Brazilian daily Folha de Sao Paulo who found that companies bought mass messages to blow users with negative campaign ads on their phones.
Most campaigns were directed at Haddad’s Labor Party, reported Folha de Sao Paulo.
The tactics are considered illegal campaign funding, according to the Folha de Sao Paulo investigation.
Facebook also closes down several groups and user accounts in Brazil this week after identifying them as “fake accounts”, according to a statement from the social media company.
“Authenticity is a core value on Facebook. That is why we ask people to use their real names and why we forbid fake accounts and other tactics that the bad actors use to distort their identity,” said the statement.
“Today, as part of our ongoing efforts to protect our society from this kind of abuse, Facebook has removed 68 pages and 43 accounts associated with a Brazilian marketing group, Raposo Fernandes Associados (RFA), to break our wrong and spam policy. “
The RFA Group had created several pro-Bolsonaro sites and groups, including fake media organizations, magazines, political groups and television stations.
Bolsonaro’s supporters believe that Whatsapp and Facebook scandals were created by Haddad’s Workers’ Party (PT) as a distraction for their subsequent voting. They have also accused Folha de Sao Paulo of being biased and issuing threats to journalists involved in the investigation.
“There is no evidence at all,” says Fabio Silveira, an engineer, during a new pro-Bolsonaro event. “This is one of NPT’s strategies. They have reached a point where they realize they can not win and are now trying to destroy the image of the opposition candidate with false stories.”