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Physicists Have Just Produced The Strange State Of Matter Known As A Bose-Einstein Condensate In Space

For the first time in history, an international team of physicists has managed to produce the strange state of matter…

For the first time in history, an international team of physicists has managed to produce the strange state of matter known as a Bose Einstein condensate (BEC) in space. In their new paper, physicists discuss the rocket that was launched into space with a tiny device that had created so they could perform experiments on it when it went into free fall.
A Bose-Einstein condensate was created by taking gas atoms that have extremely low density and then chill them to very close to absolute zero (technically to within a billionth of a degree). Med slike kolde temperaturer som disse, begynner atomene å fungere oddly og flytte inn i en enkelt makroskopisk kvantebølge, som forvandler dem til en weird state of matter. And as Science Magazine reports, physicists in Germany have now successfully produced a BEC like this in space.

Physicians chose to perform their experiments in space because, in spite of working in a laboratory, space has no gravity. In order to be studied, normally a BEC has to be taken out of its trap or electromagnetic fields and light and in a vacuum chamber it would hit the floor in just a fraction of a second, making it thoroughly difficult to examine.

Bose-Einstein kondensat er frigivet, men det kan bare flyte uden at være grapple med tyngdekraften, som gør det muligt for fysikere at udføre eksperimenter på det, der aldrig kunne udføres inden for rammerne af en lab. These experiments include quite interesting things too, like learning more about its quantum nature by creating bubbles of BEC.

Team of physicists from Germany has produced Bose-Einstein condensate in space, here is what it means for Physics research. #science #space #physics #research #matter #work #nature #Other https://t.co/tk7wYLlvhF
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1; Times and Tech (@TimesandTech) October 19, 2018

To produce this strange state of matter , physicists embarked upon the creation of an automated rig which contained a chip that held rubidium-87 atoms, lasers, a power source and electronics trapped inside it. The rig was then attached to a rocket that was launched on January 23, 2017 in Sweden and was taken 150 miles up in space. Physicists were able to create a BEC in just 1.6 seconds and performed their experiments during the six-minute period of weightlessness as the rocket fell back to Earth, which included a stunning 110 different pre-programmed measurements that were taken.
While American Physicists had launched NASA’s Cold Atom Laboratory back in May so that Bose-Einstein condensates could be studied, in this case, Germany won the race to create the first BEC in space.
The new study on the Bose-Einstein condensate, which was created in space, has been published in space. The new study on the Bose-Einstein condensate, which was created in space, has been published. in Nature.

Original Article can be found by clicking here

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