The outbreak of the Nipah virus, a very lethal growing zoonotic virus, was reported in Kozhikode district during May-June this…
The outbreak of the Nipah virus, a very lethal growing zoonotic virus, was reported in Kozhikode district during May-June this year. (REUTERS / File)
A comprehensive study of the outbreak of the Nipah virus in Kerala has shown that only the index drop was infected in the community from fruitflies, but all other remaining cases were due to the virus being transferred to three hospitals in the Kozhikode district.
The research report, entitled “Outbreak Investigation of Nipah Virus Disease in Kerala”, was recently published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, deployed by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. The study, made by Dr G Arunkumar of the Manipal Center for Virus Research, was supported by the Indian Council for Medical Research at the Ministry of Health and Health.
The outbreak of the Nipah virus, a very lethal growing zoonotic virus, was reported in Kozhikode district during May-June this year. There had been 23 suspected cases of the disease. However, the laboratory could only confirm 1
8 cases, apart from the index case.
The outbreak had 17 reported deaths. The samples in the index case, 27-year-old Muhammad Sabith, were not sent for testing for Nipah virus.
The report found that outbreaks of outbreaks in Kozhikode were 91 percent. WHO has put Nipah’s mortality in the estimation range between 40 and 75 percent. The report said that the human-to-human transfer pattern for Nipah is consistent with that for two previous outbreaks in the West Bengal – Siliguri (2001) and Nadia (2007). It says, “Only the index fall was infected in society. All remaining cases were due to nosocomial (hospital or acquired hospital) transmission at 3 different hospitals.”
Upon contact, Dr. Arunkumar said, “The transfer of Nipah in Kerala demanded a effective implementation of infection control mechanism in hospital in the state. All hospitals should be made to strictly follow contagious control practices. “
He said that the chance of another outbreak of Nipah in Kerala is rare.