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New theory can explain that 95 percent of the cosmos is missing

Dark Material Map of KiDS Survey Region (Region G12). Credit: KiDS surveyResearchers at Oxford University may have solved one of…

Dark Material Map of KiDS Survey Region (Region G12). Credit: KiDS survey

Researchers at Oxford University may have solved one of the greatest issues in modern physics, with a new paper that combines dark matter and dark energy into a single phenomenon: a fluid that has a negative mass. If you were to push a negative mass, it would accelerate towards you. This surprising new theory can also be a prediction that Einstein did 1

00 years ago.

Our current, widely recognized model of the universe, called LambdaCDM, tells nothing about what dark matter and dark energy are like physical. We only know about them because of the gravity effects of other observable subjects.

This new model, published today in Astronomy and Astrophysics by Dr Jamie Farnes from Oxford’s e-Research Center, Department of Engineering, offers a new explanation. Dr. Farnes says, “We now believe that both dark matter and dark energy can be combined into a fluid that has a kind of” negative gravity “and rejects all other material around them. Although this issue is rare for us, it suggests that our cosmos is symmetrical in both positive and negative properties. “

The existence of negative matter was previously ruled out because it was believed that this material would become less dense when the universe expands, which contradicts our observations that show that dark energy does not drain out over time. Dr. Farnes’s research, however, concerns a creation tensor that enables continuous creation of negative masses. It shows that when more and more negative masses are constantly blowing into existence, this negative mass does not dilute during cosmos expansion. In fact, the fluid seems to be identical to dark energy.

Dr. Farne’s theory also gives the first correct predictions of the behavior of dark matter levels. Most galaxies rotate so fast that they should tear apart, indicating that an invisible “halo” of dark matter must hold them together. The new research published today contains a computer simulation of the properties of negative mass, which predicts the formation of dark matter halos, just as those derived from observations with modern radio telescopes.

Albert Einstein gave the first hint of the dark universe exactly 100 years ago, when he discovered a parameter in his equations called the cosmological constant, which we now know to be synonymous with dark energy, Einstein called the cosmological constant its biggest disruption, although modern astrophysical observations show that it is a real phenomenon. In notes dating back to 1918, Einstein described his cosmological constant and wrote that “a modification of the theory is required so that” empty space “takes the role of pregnant negative masses distributed across the interstellar space.” It is therefore possible that Einstein himself predicted a negative mass-filled universe.

Dr. Farnes says, “Previous methods of combining dark energy and dark matter have tried to modify Einstein’s theory of general relativity, which has proved to be extremely challenging. This new approach takes two old ideas known to be compatible with Einstein’s theory negative masses and matter creation – and combine them together.

“The result seems pretty beautiful: dark energy and dark matter can be combined into a single subject, with both effects simply explanable as positive masses surfing a sea of ​​negative masses. “

Evidence of Dr. Farnes theory comes from tests conducted with a groundbreaking radio telescope called the Square Kilometer Array (SKA), an international endeavor to build the world’s largest telescope where Oxford University collaborates.

Dr. Farnes adds:” It There are still many theoretical problems and computational simulations to work through, and LambdaCDM has started almost 30 years, but I’m looking forward to seeing if this new extended version of LambdaCDM can accurately match other observative evidence of our cosmology. If it is real, it would suggest that the missing 95% of the cosmos had an aesthetic solution: we had forgotten to include a simple minus sign. “

Explore further:
Dark material gaps could reveal the nature of dark energy

More information:
J. S. Farnes. A unifying theory of dark energy and dark matter: Negative masses and matter creation within a modified LambdaCDM framework, Astronomy & Astrophysics (2018). DOI: 10.1051 / 0004-6361 / 201832898,

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