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New spacecraft launched to reach Mercury

BepiColumbo, a Euro-Japanese spacecraft, was launched from French Guiana on Friday, October 18th, and started its seven-year trip to Mercury,…

BepiColumbo, a Euro-Japanese spacecraft, was launched from French Guiana on Friday, October 18th, and started its seven-year trip to Mercury, the closest planet to the sun. The road of the ship will fly through the earth once, Venus twice, and Mercury six times. The many airfields slow down the shuttle down to be pulled by Mercury gravity. It is scheduled to arrive in 2025 .

BepiColumbo named after Italian researcher Giuseppe Columbo (nickname Bepi), is actually two spacecraft that will break apart once they have reached Mercury.

The two will then circulate the plane in separate directions and are designed to collect different data.

The Japanese craft, Mio, will measure the interactions between the magnetic field of the mercury and the particles emitted by the sun. [1

9659005] The European craft, entitled European Mercury Planetary Orbiter, carries instruments that detect gamma rays and x-rays from radioactive materials in the planet and measure the amount of different types of gases in the atmosphere. There is also a camera to map landscaping on the surface. These instruments are similar to those carried by NASA’s spacecraft Messenger which traveled to Mercury 2004. The new European craft tools will have higher resolution and will complement data taken from the previous assignment.

Both rockets also have magnetometers and will measure the planet’s magnetic field in two places at the same time.

These two data readings will provide an analysis of the field around the world at once.

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Faela