BepiColumbo, a Euro-Japanese spacecraft, was launched from French Guiana on Friday, October 18th, and started its seven-year trip to Mercury,…
BepiColumbo, a Euro-Japanese spacecraft, was launched from French Guiana on Friday, October 18th, and started its seven-year trip to Mercury, the closest planet to the sun. The road of the ship will fly through the earth once, Venus twice, and Mercury six times. The many airfields slow down the shuttle down to be pulled by Mercury gravity. It is scheduled to arrive in 2025 .
BepiColumbo named after Italian researcher Giuseppe Columbo (nickname Bepi), is actually two spacecraft that will break apart once they have reached Mercury.
The two will then circulate the plane in separate directions and are designed to collect different data.
The Japanese craft, Mio, will measure the interactions between the magnetic field of the mercury and the particles emitted by the sun. [1
9659005] The European craft, entitled European Mercury Planetary Orbiter, carries instruments that detect gamma rays and x-rays from radioactive materials in the planet and measure the amount of different types of gases in the atmosphere. There is also a camera to map landscaping on the surface. These instruments are similar to those carried by NASA’s spacecraft Messenger which traveled to Mercury 2004. The new European craft tools will have higher resolution and will complement data taken from the previous assignment.
Both rockets also have magnetometers and will measure the planet’s magnetic field in two places at the same time.
These two data readings will provide an analysis of the field around the world at once.
#BepiColombo blasts to investigate Mercury’s mysteries: https://t.co/F4jugOSLcU image ] Mercury is mostly made of rocks like Venus, Earth, and Mars, but has an unusually large iron core. Researchers have theorized that the planet was exposed to extreme heat and pressure while the solar system was formed, causing the denser iron core. However, earlier expeditions revealed that the chemical composition of the planet still has lighter elements that would have evaporated during such a trial.
Understanding the Mercury kernel’s outlier can contribute to an increased understanding of how the planets of our solar system began, as well as how planets in other solar systems were created.
Studies of how solar wind affects the atmosphere of mercury can also provide a basis for how planets outside our solar system that are close to their own solar will probably occur. “This topic will be the most important step in future science, habitat on exoplanets,” says Go Murakami, a Japanese researcher involved in the mission, in an interview with the New York Times.
BepiColumbo will reside in circulation around Mercury until 2027 with a possible extension to a year in 2028.