The number of new cancer cases in Hong Kong is expected to increase by up to 40 percent in the…
The number of new cancer cases in Hong Kong is expected to increase by up to 40 percent in the next decade or so, while there may already be more women than men with murder diseases, according to forecasts.
The projection came as the latest statistics from the Hong Kong Cancer Register showed that a record of 31,468 new cases were diagnosed in 2016, 1 150 more than the previous year.
And the number of people confirmed with the disease, the main cause of death in Hong Kong, is expected to rise further, according to director Dr Wong Kam-hung.
By 2030, the number of new cases is likely to increase by about 30 to 40 percent compared with the latest available figures from 2016.
Types of the disease expected to see the largest increase included colorectal, breast and lung cancer, with each forecast increasing with about 40 percent.
Wong, a clinical oncologist, said that the projection was based on changes in the population’s structure and trends in new cases recorded in previous years.
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the population will be significant aging,” said Wong, and noted that age was a contributing factor to certain types of the disease, such as breast and lung cancer.
A diet that was heavy in meat, fat, sugar and processed foods was also associated with developing cancer like breast and colorectal.
Wong said while Hong Kong’s total population grew by about 0.7 percent per year, the figure was about 3 percent for people aged 65 years.
Earlier decades more men than women were diagnosed with cancer every year, with the latest statistics showing 16,035 men and 15,443 women were recently identified with the disease in 2016.
However, the situation was likely to reverse either this year or next because There was a downward trend in the number of men diagnosed with cancer between 2007 and 2016, but the opposite was true for women.  Wong said that more women had suffered from the disease due to an overall elderly population. Several types of cancer found in women only, such as breast cancer and cervical cancer, occurred mostly among those between the ages of 45 and 64 years.
“When more young women grow older, the numbers on these cancers will also increase,” said Wong
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<p class = “canvas-atom canvas text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) –sm Mt (0.8em) – sm” type = “text” content = “The government has adopted screening as one of its strategies to combat the disease .Colorectric cancer screening, launched as a pilot project in September 2016, was conducted in a regular program in August this year, offering a subsidized service to housing between the ages of 50 and 75. “data-reaction =” 87 “> The government has adopted screening as one of its strategies to combat the disease. Colorectal cancer screening, launched as a pilot program in September 2016 and made into a regular program in August this year, offers a subsidized service to residents aged 50 to 75 years.
While the US Cancer Association updated a guideline in May of this year, recommending such screening should begin at age 45. Wong said that it was not necessary to tighten the younger group, as more than 90 percent of cases of colorectal cancer in Hong Kong occurred at the age of 50.
The government has also ordered the University of Hong Kong to investigate the risk factors for breast cancer for local women, to consider the type of screening that applies to different levels of risk and whether universal screening should be launched.
Tim Pang Hung-cheong, a patient advocate from the Society for Community Organization, a non-governmental organization, said that the growing number of cancer patients would be an additional burden on the public health system in providing current services.
“The time for diagnosis and treatment could increase,” said Pang. “People from the grassroots would suffer most.”
In order to map out better cancer strategies, he suggested that the government adopt different approaches, such as intensifying work on cancer prevention and detection, better coordination of specialist treatment areas, and providing more resources for patient counseling.
Clement Chan Wai-kit, president of the Cancer Patient Alliance, said the government should introduce measures to accelerate cancer diagnosis for patients in public clinics, as well as make extra efforts to offer subsidized drugs to patients.
Chan said that for recent treatments that were expected to be transposed into a state-protected safety net, drug companies could be roped in to offer services first on a subsidized basis.
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