High blood pressure can increase the risk of heart disease. But if you have the state of a young age,…
High blood pressure can increase the risk of heart disease. But if you have the state of a young age, your chances can be even higher.
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Duke University researchers recently conducted a study, published in JAMA, to investigate hypertension in younger adults based on new blood pressure levels established by the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association.
In 2017, the organizations usually defined blood pressure as 120 or lower systolic blood pressure over 80 diastolic or less, elevated blood pressure such as 120-129 over 80, 1 increased hypertension as 1
30-139 over 80-89 and stage 2 hypertension as 140 or higher over 90 or greater.
For the assessment, they examined more than 4,800 adults who had blood pressure measurements taken before age 40. About half of the participants were African Americans and 55 percent were women. The researchers then categorized the subjects in the four above-mentioned blood pressure groups and followed them for about 19 years.
After analyzing the results, those with higher blood pressure prior to age 40 were at greater risk of cardiovascular disease as a heart attack or stroke compared to those under 40 with normal blood pressure. In fact, higher blood pressure before age 40 was associated with up to 3.5 times greater risk of heart disease and stroke.
“This is a first step in assessing whether hypertension, according to the new criteria, is something that younger people should be concerned about as a potential precursor to serious problems,” said chief author Yuichiro Yano in a statement. “Although Here is an observation study, it appears that the new blood pressure guidelines are useful for identifying those who may be at risk for cardiovascular events. “
The researchers hope to continue their studies to confirm their findings and encourage healthcare providers to better target younger individuals with higher blood pressure.
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