A small fossilized family of molars embedded in the swung bush landed in Kenya’s Tugen Hills belonged to what may be the smallest species of monkey discovered so far, according to a new study. The newly identified extinct species, Simiolus minutus, weighed only about 8 pounds, or slightly less than an average domestic cat.
Dwarfed by today’s gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans, the miniature pen could possibly be a natural selection that could not compete with colobinabores that ate on the same leaf in trees about 12.5 million years ago.
“They tried to do what colobins did, which was stupid because no one had the same equipment,” said James Rossie, a paleoprimatologist at Stonybrook University in New York, referring to the digestive ability of the apes. “They took a knife in a warfare and discovered that the knife was a plastic knife knife.”
The reason why so many monkeys, including the small bodies like Simiolus, have disappeared are not clear. The prevailing hypotheses are that they died because of competition from monkeys and environmental changes. Echoes from what happened during that period still feels today because it’s only about 20 apes, as opposed to more than 130 species of ancient monkeys in Africa and Asia. Habitat destruction of humans, however, is the primary threat to species from both primate groups and the primary reason why their numbers have decreased in recent times.
When Dr Rossie found the molar he saw and Dr. Hill it looked like two teeth in a museum that had gathered in the 1970s and 1980s. Even though they only had three teeth, Doctor Rossie said that the teeth were different from anything else that the couple knew they had a new species.
“It’s like finding a single crashed martinian spacecraft out in the Arizona desert,” said Dr Rossie. “You do not need to find 12 to know what that means.”
The molar measured about 0.15 inches above. From the teeth, Dr. Rossie extrapolated the size of the new apes jaw and body size, which were less than all living or known extinct species. The smallest live monkey is the gibbonet weighing between 10 and 30 pounds.
By analyzing the shear combs on the molar, they determined that the species was at least part-time staff or blade watchers. Previously, they had identified fossils of an early colobinapa in the same place, which led them to suggest that the monkeys and monkeys competed against each other for food, giving a window into the monkey’s bigger cases and increasing monkeys. 19659002] “Now we have a clear piece of the puzzle,” says Dr. Rossie.
Dr. Rossie said that the discovery that took 14 years to publish was a bittersweet tribute to his co-author and doctoral doctor, Dr. Hill, who had developed leukemia and died in September 2015.
“To be honest was a feeling where we did not try to make it difficult to complete it because there was a recurrent reason to gather,” says Rossie.
“It’s sad to finish the last thing I’ll ever do with him,” he said, “but at the same time it gives me a great sense of pride in doing this with him. “