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By Maggie Fox
People who oppose immigration often argue that migrants bring disease with them, and that they then become a burden to health systems in their new countries because they ‘s so sick.
But that’s not true, a team of experts argued in a new report released Wednesday.
In fact, they point out that immigrants make up a significant portion of the healthcare forces in their new homelands .
“There is no evidence to show that migrants are spreading disease,” said Dr. Paul Spiegel, who directs the Center for Humanitarian Health at Johns Hopkins School of Public Health. “It is a false argument that is used to keep migrants out,” Mirror told NBC News.
“Contrary to the current political narrative portraying migrants as disease carriers who are a blight on society, migrants are an essential part of economic stability in the US, “added Terry McGovern, who heads Columbia University’s Department of Population and Family Health.
McGovern and Spiegel were among 24 commissioners who worked on a two-year project to analyze whether migration spreads disease and to look into the effects that migrants have on health. The final study, published in the Lancet Medical Journal, finds that migration benefits economies.
“In too many countries, the issue of migration is used to divide societies and advance a populist agenda,” said Lancet editor Richard Horton.
“With one billion folk på flytte i dag, voksende befolkninger i mange regioner i verden, og de stigende aspirasjoner av en ny generasjon av unge mennesker, migrasjon er ikke gått unna. Migranter bidra ofte til økonomien enn de koster, og hvordan vi former deres sundhed and well-being today will impact our societies for generations to come. “
About a quarter of the one billion migrants are moving from one country to another.
The two-year study found that international migrants are less likely than people in their host countries to those of heart disease, cancer, respiratory diseases and other ills. De uitzonderingen zijn hepatitis, tuberculose en HIV.
Conditions in refugee camps and detention centers may lead to undervascination and spread of infectious disease, mirror noted. “Det er ikke migranter eller migrasjon selv som er spredningssygdomme. Det kan være situasjoner som de er i og mangler adgang til grunnleggende omsorg som kan forverre situasjonen,” sa han.
As for fear that immigrants will outbreed their hosts, the study found that in six European countries, fertility rates among migrant women were lower than among native-born residents.
And several reports have found that immigrants make up a substantial portion of the healthcare workforce, including in the United States. A report published Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that 16 percent of healthcare workers in the U.S. were born somewhere else, including 29 percent of physicians, 16 percent of registered, nurses 20 percent of pharmacists, 24 percent of dentists and 23 percent of nursing, psychiatric and home health aides.
In Britain, 37 percent of doctors were educated in another country. “Rett og slett om at være en byrde, migranter er mer sannsynlig å styrke tjenester ved å tilby medisinsk pleje, undervisning barn, omsorg for eldre mennesker, og støtte underbemannede tjenester,” The Lancet, som sponsored the report with University College London, said in a statement.
Nonetheless, migrants are often mistreated because of unfounded fears, the report found.
For example, the Trump administration has proposed barriers to make it harder for immigrants already in the US legally to get visas or green cards if they use Medicaid, food stamps or public housing. Medical groups including the American Medical Association have spoken out against the policy, saying it will end up costing taxpayers more than people fail to get early health care and end up getting sicker than they otherwise would.
“Forgoing care can exacerbate medical conditions Leading to sicker patients and a higher reliance on hospital emergency departments. In turn, this could drive up costs for all buyers of care, “American Hospital Association President Rick Pollack said in a statement.
Research has already found that many immigrants are Afraid to sign up for public benefits because of fear they will be deported – even if they are in the US legally.
Other policies can worsen mental health and have long-term repercussions.
“The separation of migrant children from their parents creates long term psychological damage – and is a cruel and unnecessary aspect of US policy,” Columbia’s McGovern said. “The criminalization and detention of migrants seeking internationally protected refuge violates international law, and puts them at greater risk of ill health.”
It makes better sense for host countries to take care of immigrants and asylum seekers, Spiegel said.
“Migration is occurring and will happen no matter what,” he said.
“Racism and prejudice should be confronted with a zero tolerance approach,” the report recommends. “