The party in Mexico's elected president has laid down legislation to legalize possession, public use, growth and sales of marijuana…
The party in Mexico’s elected president has laid down legislation to legalize possession, public use, growth and sales of marijuana in what would be a major change in the country’s drug strategy.
Senator Olga Sánchez Cordero – who has been elected as home secretary of President-elected Andrés Manuel López Obrador – This ban has given birth to violence and poverty and criticizes a twelve-year drug-decomposition that has claimed tens of thousands of lives.
“Today, the nation has decided to change,” she said senators. “We do not want more deaths. It will be an important contribution to bringing peace to our beloved country.”
If the bill passes, Mexico would join Canada, Uruguay and a number of US states that allow the use of the drug on new and allows commercialization.
Mexico, which banned marijuana in the early 20th century, is still a major supplier of illegal weeds to the United States. It has been racked by a decade of conflict between the supply chain for heroin, cocaine and synthetic drugs to its northern neighbor.
Sánchez’s proposition would also allow every Mexican to grow up to 20 marijuana plants on private property and produce up to 17 ounces (480 grams) per year. Edible marijuana products would be forbidden.
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In 2016, Mexico government began to grant permission for some patients to import medical marijuana products. It has also decriminalized small amounts of marijuana and issued several permits for humans to grow and have the pot for personal use.
López Obrador, who takes office on December 1, has promised major changes in Mexico’s drug war strategy, which proposes negotiations on peace and amnesty for persons involved in drug trafficking.
In the 26-page bill published on Congress website, Sánchez wrote that Mexico’s cannabis ban has contributed to crime and violence, adding that, twelve years ago, Mexico launched a war on cartels, 235,000 people were killed.
Why did Mexico launch its war on drugs?
On December 10, 2006, President Felipe Calderón launched Mexico’s war on drugs by sending 6,500 troops to his homeland Michoacán, where rival cartels were involved in masses of tit-for-time.
Calderón declared war eight days after taking power – a move seen as an attempt to increase its own legitimacy after a bitterly questioned election victory. Within two months, around 20,000 troops were involved in operations across the country.
What has the war cost so far?
The United States has donated at least $ 1.5 billion through the Merida initiative since 2008, while Mexico has spent at least $ 54 billion on security and defense since 2007. Critics say that this inflow of money has helped to create an opaque security industry open to corruption at all levels.
But the biggest costs have been human. Since 2007, approximately 230,000 people have been murdered and more than 28,000 reported missing. Human rights groups have also detailed a comprehensive increase in human rights violations by security forces.
Since the cartels have broken and diversified, other violent offenses such as kidnapping and extortion have also increased. In addition, hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced by violence.
What has been achieved?
Improved cooperation between the United States and Mexico has resulted in many high-profile arrests and drugs. Officials say that 25 of the 37 drug dealers in Calderon’s most sought after list have been imprisoned, released to the United States or killed, but not all of these actions have been independently confirmed.
The biggest victory – and most embarrassing bolt – under Peña Nieto’s leadership was the recovery, flight and recovery of Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán, leader of the Sinaloa cartel.
While killing and catching royal punts have won praise from the media and the United States, it has done little to reduce violence.
How is the United States involved?
Mexico’s decades of drug warfare would never have been possible without the major injection of American cash and military cooperation under the Merida initiative. The funds have continued to flow despite evidence of serious violations of human rights.
“The banning procedure stems from the false assumption that the problem of drugs should be handled from a penalty shootout,” wrote Sánchez, a former Supreme Court.
“The goal can not be to eradicate the consumption of a substance as widespread as cannabis,” she added.
Although the coalition led by the presidential National Party of National Regeneration (Morena) Party has a majority in both houses, it contains a conservative party that has previously opposed some socially progressive politicians, which means that the bill can face hurdles.
The legislation in Mexico’s two-chamber congress often moves slowly, and after submission, the bill must go through committees before the vote is reached.
The bill would allow companies to cultivate and commercialize marijuana. People would also be allowed to grow plants for private use, as long as they register in an anonymous government list and produce no more than 480 grams of marijuana per year.
Pots in public places would also be allowed.
Mexico’s Supreme Court last week claimed that an absolute ban on recreational use of marijuana was insufficient, which effectively left legislators to regulate the consumption of the drug.
Support for legalization has been strengthened in Mexico in recent years when violence is rising.
Since 2006, Mexico has used military force to combat drug gangs, which have been fragmented in smaller groups that cross trade and territory.
The country saw more than 31,000 murders last year, the highest sum since modern records began, according to government data.