Many other countries have also seen their figures either as rising or plateau, according to World Health Organization 2018 World…
Many other countries have also seen their figures either as rising or plateau, according to World Health Organization 2018 World Malaria Report, released Monday.
Globally, the malaria group increased slightly: 219 million cases in 2017, compared with 217 million in 2016.
“No significant progress in reducing global malaria problems was made” between 2015 and 2017, the report states. Prior to that, the number of people affected the disease globally had fallen.
The 10 highest burden countries in Africa saw a significant increase in cases. Nigeria, Madagascar and the Democratic Republic of Congo had the biggest increase, reported an additional half million cases each.
In the 1
0 countries – including Tanzania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Uganda and Niger – there were an additional 3.5 million people diagnosed with malaria 2017 by 2016.
“We no longer see a decrease of malaria like we have in recent years, “says Alistair Robb, senior advisor for WHO Global Malaria Program. “This is a concern.”
The WHO region in America has also seen an increase in malaria problems, mainly due to increases in Brazil, Nicaragua and Venezuela.
Malaria is a parasitic disease transmitted through the bite of Anopheles mosquitoes. It is both preventable and treatable, but by 2017, an estimated 435,000 people were killed worldwide. The African region accounts for 92% of all cases, according to the report.
Some countries had a significant reduction in the number of reported cases, mainly India, Pakistan, Ethiopia and Rwanda. India reported 3 million fewer cases and Rwanda 430,000 fewer cases in 2017, according to the report. Experts distinguish these countries as examples, especially for those countries with increasing cases.
Success in these four countries came to political commitment, graciously marginalized populations and efficiently utilizing resources such as bed nets and drugs, explained Robb. In many parts of Africa, “large numbers of people still have no access”.
In the high-African countries, the most needy – marginalized and vulnerable communities – do not have access to treatment and prevention resources, he added and left them prone to infecting. By 2017, an estimated health of people at risk of the disease in Africa did not sleep under a treated network, according to the report.
“We have distributed tools where we can,” says Professor of Immunology Dyann Wirth and Infectious Diseases at Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health. Strategies should now be rethought, as there are problems to deal differently, she said.
“If we continue to do the same, we risk getting a significant recovery,” said Wirth.
“You Can not Be Independent,” added Robb and quoted Nicaragua and Venezuela, who have seen an increase in malaria cases over the last three years and Brazil they last two years.
Venezuela saw the huge increase in the continent, with 411,000 cases in 2017, rising from 136,000 years in 2015.
But South America as a whole has a low load of malaria – less than 2% of global burden – resulting in another transfer pattern, Robb explained.
People there have less natural immunity to malaria, he said and made them more susceptible to a population. A failure to retain resources there can lead to a significant increase in the number of cases.
“The introduction of an infected person may begin an outbreak,” said Wirth.
When the levels are also low, the perceived risk is reduced, she explained, so people may be less likely to use bed nets to protect against mosquito bites, for example. “Pay attention is important.”
Wirth gave the example of Sri Lanka, which had extremely low levels of fall in the 1960s but saw them bounce back in the 1970s and 1980s. “It took 35 years to eliminate it again.” Sri Lanka was declared malaria free in 2016.
Venezuela is facing the same challenge, she said.
“It is very important to realize that progress has stopped,” said Wirth. “The countries reporting an increase in cases are an early warning.”