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International Space Station: Three crew members close 196-day space mission

Eight days after a dramatic space stretch for inspection of the state of a ship in its Soyuz ship Russian commander Sergey Prokopyev, German air engineer Alexander Gerst and NASA astronaut Serena Auñón chancellor were set up to resign internationally space station Wednesday for a fiery dunning back to earth. The aircraft required the crew to embark on the Soyuz MS-09 / 55S spacecraft and seal the gap around 5:20 AM, undocking from the Earth-facing Rassvet Space Space Station at 8:40 After moving a safe distance Prokopyev and Gerst plan to monitor a planned four-minute 36-second rocket launch from 1 1:10, slowing the ship at about 286 km / h to lower the ship's orbital side in the atmosphere for a descent to Kazakhstan. If all goes well, the spacecraft's central descent module, the part of the spacecraft as the crew crew a parachute-and-rocket-assisted touchdown near the city of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan, will run around 12:03 PM on Thursday (11:03 local time). With up to four inches of snow in the area, Russian resettlement crews and medical personnel together with the US and European Space Agency support team will be stationed nearby to help the returning crew members out of the crowded crew when they begin their rewriting to gravity six months after the launch of Baikonur Cosmodrome on June 6th. [19659006] crew selfie. jpg "height =" 412 "width =" 620 "class =" lazyload "data-srcset =" https://cbsnews1.cbsistatic.com/hub/i/r/2018/12/19/3c6715d5-f5f0-4723- 8e48-df6a65171b89 / thumbnail / 620×412 / 55d849a382b8b8fc34cda7a829de30e9 / crew-selfie.jpg 1x, https://cbsnews2.cbsistatic.com/hub/i/r/2018/12/19/3c6715d5-f5f0-4723-8e48-df6a65171b89/thumbnail /1240×824/3f86584b584865d016525a1eff78ce2e/crew-selfie.jpg 2x "srcset…

Eight days after a dramatic space stretch for inspection of the state of a ship in its Soyuz ship Russian commander Sergey Prokopyev, German air engineer Alexander Gerst and NASA astronaut Serena Auñón chancellor were set up to resign internationally space station Wednesday for a fiery dunning back to earth.

The aircraft required the crew to embark on the Soyuz MS-09 / 55S spacecraft and seal the gap around 5:20 AM, undocking from the Earth-facing Rassvet Space Space Station at 8:40

After moving a safe distance Prokopyev and Gerst plan to monitor a planned four-minute 36-second rocket launch from 1

1:10, slowing the ship at about 286 km / h to lower the ship’s orbital side in the atmosphere for a descent to Kazakhstan.

If all goes well, the spacecraft’s central descent module, the part of the spacecraft as the crew crew a parachute-and-rocket-assisted touchdown near the city of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan, will run around 12:03 PM on Thursday (11:03 local time).

With up to four inches of snow in the area, Russian resettlement crews and medical personnel together with the US and European Space Agency support team will be stationed nearby to help the returning crew members out of the crowded crew when they begin their rewriting to gravity six months after the launch of Baikonur Cosmodrome on June 6th. [19659006] crew selfie. jpg “height =” 412 “width =” 620 “class =” lazyload “data-srcset =” https://cbsnews1.cbsistatic.com/hub/i/r/2018/12/19/3c6715d5-f5f0-4723- 8e48-df6a65171b89 / thumbnail / 620×412 / 55d849a382b8b8fc34cda7a829de30e9 / crew-selfie.jpg 1x, https://cbsnews2.cbsistatic.com/hub/i/r/2018/12/19/3c6715d5-f5f0-4723-8e48-df6a65171b89/thumbnail /1240×824/3f86584b584865d016525a1eff78ce2e/crew-selfie.jpg 2x “srcset =” data: image / svg + xml,% 3Csvg% 20xmlns% 3D & # 39; http% 3A% 2F% 2Fwww.w3.org% 2F2000% 2Fsvg & # 39 ;% 20viewBox% 3D “0% 200% 20620% 20412% 2F% 3E” /> NASA astronaut Serena Auñón Chancellor, left, Soyuz MS-09 air engineer Alexander Gerst, center and spacecraft commander Sergey Prokopyev, right, packed his ferry ship and prepared to return to Earth overnight Wednesday to close a 196-day stay in space.

NASA

With touchdown, Prokopyev and Auñón-Chancellor will have logged 196 days 17 hours and 51 minutes from the planet during their first space mission, while Gerst, veteran of a 165-day stay aboard the station 2014, will have almost a full year of cumulative time up.

Asked what she was looking forward to, said Auñón Chancellor “It’s easy. Family. That’s what you miss the most.”

“I do not think you’ll ever be used to it,” she told CBS News in an interview last month. “You have reminders, we have pictures, we get special video conferencing conversations, but it’s not like being in your beloved arms.”

Secondly, on her list behind the family, “it would just be the feelings of the earth,” she said. “For example, the wind, the rain. We watched a video the other day and I remember being very envious of seeing someone standing by the sea because I knew they could feel the wind and smell the ocean. And we can not do it this way . “

After short medical checks and phone calls to the home of friends and family, Prokopyev, Gerst and Auñón-Chancellor will fly by helicopter to Dzhezkazgan for an official welcome hall ceremony. Prokopyev then returns to Star City near Moscow while Gerst leads to Cologne, Germany. Auñón Chancellor returns to his home near the Johnson Space Center in Houston.

Asked what she will miss most about life on board the station said Auñón-Chancellor “It sounds a little simple but floating everywhere is pretty cool.”

“Only when you get up here are you this rude ballerina like can not handle anything … but this is my favorite part, “she said angryly a slow aboard station. “It allows you to work in three dimensions, and you only realize what your body can achieve here, as you just do not do on earth.”

“This is what I will miss the most. Of course you look and see the earth is beautiful. But to watch how the human body adjusts to be here, stay cool.”

Behind circulation with departure from The Soyuz MS-09 crew comes to Expedition 58 Commander Oleg Kononenko, the Canadian astronaut David Saint-Jacques and NASA astronaut Anne McClain. They waited initially last week and joined the cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin and Nick Haag aboard the station.

But Ovchinin and Hague were victims of a launch of interruption on October 11th the first for a Soyuz spacecraft since 1983. Instead of reaching the station and joining Gerst, Prokopyev and the Auñón Chancellors, each Ovchinin and The Hague had to make an emergency landing near Dzhezkazgan and threw a wrench in the carefully planned crew.

Russian engineers quickly traced The problem with the system used to control the separation of the four fluid-based belt boosters is the first stage of the Soyuz FG booster. A fix was relatively straight forward.

 iss.jpg "hello ght =" 413 "width =" 620 "class =" lazyload "data-srcset =" https://cbsnews3.cbsistatic.com/hub/i/r/2018/12/19/ 69ae1247-1387-48c6-9879- 8e7a918c01f9 / thumbnail / 620x413 / 42e9dff47af46897446c058ff3459c58 / iss.jpg 1x, https://cbsnews3.cbsistatic.com/hub/i/r/2018/12/19/69ae1247-1387-48c6-9879 -8e7a918c01f9 / thumbnail / 1240x826 / a42dd04de2085f38047ed25080dcbc93 /iss.jpg 2x "srcset =" data: image / svg + xml,% 3Csvg% 20xmlns% 3D & # 39; http% 3A% 2F% 2Fwww.w3.org% 2F2000% 2Fsvg & # 39;% 20viewBox% 3D & # 39; 0% 200% 20620% 20413 & # 39;% 2F% 3E "/> </span><figcaption class=The International Space Station.

NASA

After assessing several alternatives, Russian executives chose to relocate the launch of Kononenkos crew from December 20 to December 3 and delay the departure from Gerst and his crew members from December 13 to December 20.

Roscosmos, Russian Space Agency also moved up the next flight in the sequence. The mission originally planned in early April was to bring the Russian commander Oleg Skripochka, NASA astronaut Christina Koch and a United Arab Emirates guest astronaut to the station.

Instead, Ovchinin and The Hague will join Koch on board the Soyuz MS-12 / 58S spacecraft, launching at the station in late February.

In an interview with CBS News in Houston, he said he had full confidence in Soyuz’s security system and was looking forward to fulfilling his mission.

“What we do up there at the space station every day is important,” he said. “We try to open the eyes of humanity, discover new things, make life better on the ground and drive further into the universe. It’s a very important thing to do and it benefits so many people. So you accept the risk that you believe in what you do. “

His wife, Catie, agreed but said that she was still nervous about the idea that her husband drove a rocket in space.

“I was very nervous (during the launch in October), and I’m still nervous,” she said. “There is a risk, there is a lot of risk with what they do, and being on the outside of what looks, which you absolutely do not have control is scary. It’s scary.”

“But I trust him,” she said, “I trust his education, I trust implicitly in his commissioner Alexey, and I know everyone is really investing in their security.”

It was not just the spacecraft system Soyuz MS-10 that gave Russians a problem. Soyuz MS-09 ferry vessels like Prokopyev, Gerst and Auñón-Chancellor are addicted to their trip, had problems in August last year when sensors aboard the station discovered a small drop in the laboratory air pressure.

Leak was not considered serious enough to wake up the crew, but the next morning the four astronauts and two cosmonauts who conquered the 56-crew tracked the leak to the upper orbital module in the spacecraft Soyuz MS-09.

Photographs of the hole docked by the station crew showed what appeared to be a bored penetration in an interior panel with several adjacent hugs like those that would be caused by a drill jumping over a surface before they dug in.

Dmitry Rogozin, chief of Roscosmos, raised eyebrows when he did not immediately exclude the station crew members among potential suspects. He said, “It is an honor of Energy Rocket and Space Corporation (Soyuz Builder RSC Energia) to find the person responsible for it to find out if there was an accidental or deliberate destruction, and where it was done – either on earth or in space. “

As expected, Drew Feustel, the station’s commander, told at the time that the interviewers had nothing to do with the leak than to plug it, and no one has since suggested the possibility of such engagement.

 crew1.jpg "height =" 415 "width =" 620 "class =" lazyload "data-srcset =" https://cbsnews3.cbsistatic.com/hub/i/r/ 2018/12/19/370c66d3 -95c0-4153-887c-609c4d1bc6bd / thumbnail / 620x415 / 9735d112f76f5e45c710eddc9656001f / crew1.jpg 1x, https://cbsnews1.cbsistatic.com/hub/i/r/2018/12/19/370c66d3 -95c0-4153-887c- 609c4d1bc6bd / thumbnail / 1240x830 / 6507272be073373e9fb0800bffce003a / crew1.jpg 2x "srcset =" data: image / svg + xml,% 3Csvg% 20xmlns% 3D & # 39; http% 3A% 2F% 2Fwww.w3.org% 2F2000% 2Fsvg & # 39;% 20viewBox% 3D & # 39; 0% 200% 2 0620% 20415 & # 39;% 2F% 3E & # 39; /> </span><figcaption class=The expedition 57 crew aboard the International Space Station (left to right): Alexander Gerst, David Saint-Jacques (black sweater), Sergey Prokopyev, Oleg Kononenko, Anne McClain and Serena Auñón Chancellor. With the end of Prokopyev, Gerst and Auñón-Chancellor, Kononenko is commander of the Tremedlem Expedition 58 crew. They will be joined by three new crew members at the end of February.

NASA

Prokopyev and other cosmonaut Oleg Artemyev, in accordance with instructions from the Russian Mission Control Center, plug the hole with gauze blown into epoxy. The plug was held and the air traffic controllers later increased the flight pressure to normal levels.

The crew was never in danger, officials said and a safe return from Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft has never been questioned because of the leak.

In a normal entry, the three modules constituting a Soyuz spacecraft – the upper orbit section, the crew chamber and the lower propulsion module – are separated from each other just before they fall back into the distinguished atmosphere. 19659003] The upper and lower modules burn up while the descent module, the only one protected by a heat screen, continues on the touchdown. For the post Soyuz MS-09, the crew planned to follow normal exercise and closed the cover to the upper module before leaving the space station. Even if a leak opens again, it would have no effect on the suspended descent module.

But Russian engineers would still inspect the outside of Soyuz’s orbital module to find out if any of the epoxies had made all the way through the hole and gather some clues that may be available on the outside.

By moving the launch of Kononenko and his crew members until December 3 and delaying the resettlement of the Rescue crew, the Russians secured enough time with a complement of crew members for a space walk by Prokopyev and Kononenko to do that.

The cosmonauts dared outside the station on December 11 and cut through isolation and micrometeoroid shielding on the orbit that reveals the leakage site. The combined samples of the extruded epoxide and any chemical traces on the hull near the hole will be returned to the ground for laboratory analysis.

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