An Indian runner wearing a face mask movements that he participates in the third Petro Driving Delhi Half Marathon in…
An Indian runner wearing a face mask movements that he participates in the third Petro Driving Delhi Half Marathon in New Delhi November 25, 2018. Photo: AFP
Washington: People in India would live 4.3 years longer if the country met the global guidelines for particle pollution, according to a study found that the effect of contamination on expected life is worse than HIV / AIDS, cigarette smoking and even terrorism.
According to the new Air Quality Life Index (AQLI), developed by researchers at the University of Chicago in the United States, particulate air pollution reduces the global average lifespan by 1
.8 years per pe rson.
AQLI determines particle contamination as the single biggest threat to human health globally, with its effect on life exceeds that of devastating infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV / AIDS, behavioral killings such as cigarette smoking and even war.
Critically, AQLI reports these results in concrete terms that are related to most.
“Around the world today, the air breathes, which pose a serious health hazard. But the way the risk is communicated is very often opaque and confusing, translating the concentrations of air pollutants into colors like red, brown, orange and green,” said Michael Greenstone, professor at the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC).
“My colleagues and I developed AQLI, where” L “stands for” life “to address these deficiencies. It takes concentrations of particulate air pollutants and transforms them into perhaps the most important metric that exists: Expected lifespan, he says .
AQLI is based on a few studies that quantify the causal link between long-term human exposure to pollutants and longevity.
Seventy-five percent of the global population or 5.5 billion people live in areas where particulate pollutants exceed the WHO’s guideline. 19659004] AQLI reveals that India and China, representing 36 percent of the world’s population, account for 73 percent of all years of life lost due to particle pollution.
On average, people in India 4.3 years longer if the country met WHO : Guideline – Increase the average life expectancy of birth there from 69 to 73 years.
In the United States, approximately one-third lives l of the population in areas not in accordance with the WHO Guideline. Those living in the country’s most polluted counties can expect to live up to a year longer if pollutants meet the WHO guidelines.
Globally, AQLI reveals that particulate pollutants reduce the average life expectancy by 1.8 years, making it the greatest global threat to human health.
As a comparison, first-hand cigarette smoke leads to a reduction of the global average life of about 1.6 years. Other risks to human health have even less effects: Alcohol and drugs reduce lifespan by 11 months. insecure water and sanitation takes off 7 months and HIV / AIDS, 4 months.
Conflict and terrorism takes 22 days. Thus, the effects of particle contamination on expected life expectancy are comparable to smoking, twice as much as alcohol and drug addiction, three times as hazardous water, five times as HIV / AIDS and more than 25 times as much as conflict and terrorism. “
” Medan people can quit smoking and take action to protect themselves from diseases, there’s a lot they can do individually to protect themselves from the air as they breathe, “Greenstone says.
” AQLI tells citizens and politicians particle pollution affects them and theirs communities and reveals the benefits of reducing particulate pollutants, he says.
(This story has been published from a thread agency feed without changes to the text. Only the headline has been changed.)