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India's dying four years early due to air pollution: Study

Partial contamination is so severe that it shortens the average life of India for more than four years compared to…

Partial contamination is so severe that it shortens the average life of India for more than four years compared to what it would be about the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for air quality. This is about two years in the late 1990s due to an increase in particulate pollutants of 69 percent, said the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC) on Monday.

India is the second most polluted country [19659003] EPIC stated that India is currently the world’s second most polluted country. The only country that is more polluted than India is its Himalayan neighbor Nepal.

NCT and neighbors have a six-year shorter life span: Air Quality Life Index

Concentrations in Indian Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab and Delhi metropolitan areas are significantly higher. The study shows that the impact on life expectancy is greater in these areas, with a shortage of six years in the average life expectancy of citizens.

The new air pollution index, called the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI), states that air pollution reduces global life expectancy by almost two years, making it the single biggest threat to human health.

The tool gives figures as &#821

1; for an average resident in Delhi, you get an expected life expectancy if the WHO guidelines are met up to 10.2 years. In the same way, there are many years of lost pollution for each district in India over a period of 18 years between 1998 and 2016.

What makes AQLI unique is that it transforms pollutants into perhaps the most important metric that exists – the expected life span.

It does it on a hyper-local level all over the world. In addition, it illustrates how air pollution policy can increase service life when meeting the World Health Organization’s guidelines, existing national air quality standards, or user-defined air quality levels.

Also read | Chronic exposure to air pollution can lead to lower maths and oral skills

Read also | Air pollution kills 600,000 children a year: WHO

Color-coded air pollution does not measure the effect on human wellbeing

The information provided by AQLI helps inform local communities and policy makers about the importance of air pollution policy in very concrete terms.

Loss of longevity is highest in Asia, over six years in many parts of India and China. Some American residents still lose up to a year of life from pollution.

Fossil fuel-driven particulate air pollution reduces the global average life of 1.8 years per person according to pollutant index and accompanying EPIC report.

“Around the world today, the air breathes, which pose a serious health hazard. However, the way the risk is communicated is often often opaque and confusing and translates the concentration of air pollutants into colors like red, brown, orange, and green”, Michael Greenstone, Milton Friedman Professor in economics and director of EPIC, said to add:

“What these colors mean for human well-being has always been unclear.”

Read also |

https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/gk-current-affairs/story/delhi-air-quality-pollution-control-board-emergency-plan-failure-1373762-2018- 10-23

About air quality and pollution measurement. (Image: aqicn.org)

AQLI’s Expected Lifespan for Measuring Contamination

Greenstone also noted: “My colleagues and I developed AQLI, where” L “stands for” life “to address these shortcomings . It takes concentrations of particulate air pollutants and transforms them into perhaps the most important metric that exists, the expected life expectancy. “

AQLI is based on a few reviewed studies co-author of Greenstone that quantifies the causal link between long-term human exposure to particulate contamination and expected life expectancy.

The results of these studies are then combined with hyper-localized global particulate measurements, providing unmatched insights into the true cost of air pollution in communities around the world.

Important data from AQLI data

Seventy-five percent of the global population or 5.5 billion people live in areas where particle pollution exceeds WHO’s guideline.

AQLI reveals that: [19659029] India and China, representing 36 percent of the world’s population, account for 73 percent of all years of life lost due to particulate pollution

  • On average, people in India should live 4.3 years longer if the country fulfilled the WHO Guideline, extending the average life expectancy at birth there from 69 to 73 years
  • In the United States, approximately one third of the population lives in areas not in compliance with the WHO Guideline
  • Those who live in the country’s most polluted counties can expect to live up to a year longer if pollutants meet the WHO guidelines
  • Globally, AQLI reveals that particulate pollutants reduce average life expectancy by 1.8 years, making it the biggest global threat to human health

In comparison: 196,590 29] First cigarette smoke leads to a reduction of the global average life of about 1.6 years

  • Alcohol and Dr ears reduce lifespan by 11 months
  • Unsafe water and sanitation takes seven months
  • HIV / AIDS four months
  • Conflict and terrorism takes off 22 days

Thus, the effect of particle pollution on the expected life expectancy is comparable to smoking , twice as much as alcohol and drug use, three times as much as insecure water, five times as much as HIV / AIDS and more than 25 times conflict and terrorism.

“While people can quit smoking and take measures to protect themselves from diseases, there’s a lot they can do individually to protect themselves from the air,” Greenstone said.

Also read: Air Contamination in Delhi-NCR and What You Can Do to Protect Toddlers

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