ISTANBUL – Friends and followers of Saudi Arabian dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi held funeral prayers over an empty marble plate in one of Istanbul’s most sacred mosques on Friday and declared him a martyr and promised to reveal them behind his murder in the Saudi consulate 45 days earlier.
Arab dissidents, journalists and activists filled the Fatih Mosque in Istanbul’s historic peninsula in farewell to Kashoggi, which was as political as it was religious.
“This is a responsibility, a guilt, a duty in our religion that lies with those who live and we gathered to fulfill this religious duty,” said Yasin Aktay, a close friend of Mr. Khashoggi, and a leading member of the governing justice and development party in turkey.
“Prayer for the funeral while there is no body is unusual,” added Mr. Aktay. “This is a situation that should be a blow to those who committed this shame.”
Groups were also gathered in Mr Khashoggi’s memory around Turkey, in Saudi Arabian cities Mecca and Medina, and in Washington and London, he said.
Although the government showed support for Arab dissidents gathered in Istanbul to commemorate Mr. Khashoggi, the police made a new round arrest in a demolition that has led to the detention of more than 100,000 people and oppression in Turkey.
Two prominent university professors were at least 12 people detained at the beginning of Friday and were responsible for trying to overthrow the government for their participation in Taksim Square Democracy Protests in 2013.
At Khashoggi’s funeral prayers, Mr Aktay and other speakers rejected the latest official announcement by the Saudi prosecutor. On Thursday, the prosecutor said the killing of Mr. Khashoggi was an improvised decision by a team of agents who had traveled to Istanbul, and that the de facto ruler in Saudi Arabia, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, was not responsible.  Turkish officials have said that such a team, including security officers near the crown prince and a forensic specialist equipped with a leg, came up with a planned plan to execute Mr. Khashoggi and dismember and throw away his body. They say that such an operation could only be ordered from the highest level.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Turkey has said he is convinced that King Salman in Saudi Arabia had no part in the murder, but he has asked questions about the crown prince’s role.
Turkish officials have described the Saudi investigation as insufficiently.
At the funeral, several speakers repeated this point.
“We do not believe in the story we are asked to believe.” Herr Aktay, who is an adviser to Erdogan. “We ask what his killer was after. We continue to ask. We ask who are the real killers, the instincts, and we continue to ask.”
Egyptian politics and former presidential candidate Ayman Nour, a long-standing friend of Kashoggi , said that the Saudi prosecutor’s conclusions did not “provide us with justice as we have been waiting for.”
He added: “This is not a legal or political statement but an attempt to get rid of criminal and political responsibility.”  According to Erdogan, Turkey has become the home of many Arab dissidents and refugees from the Arab army troops and counter-revolutionaries, prominent among them members of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, and Syrian and Yemeni politicians and activists.
Arab dissidents have led to the urgency of justice for Khashoggi, declaring him the latest victim of Arab states that intend to suppress the popular origins.
“Jamal waited and was very hopeful that the change would come from all these revolutions,” said Mr. Nour last I attended an international conference on Yemen in Istanbul. “I think the second wave comes after Jamal Khashoggi’s death. Begins in this room and with the people who are here.”
Also at the funeral was Turan Kislakci, a friend of Khashoggi and the director of the Turk Arab Media Association.
“Jamal’s last word was” I am suffocating, “he said, referring to sound recordings reported in the Turkish media when Khashoggi was killed.
” It is not only Jamal who suffocates, the whole humanity is “still . “All the Islamic world is suffocating. They are stifled in Palestine, in Syria, in Libya, Yemen. Let this be the last choking. Let the world not choke again, let it breathe. “
In Istanbul there were those imprisoned in the morning disaster Turgut Tarhanli, Dean of the Faculty of Law at Bilgi University and Betul Tanbay, a well-known mathematician at Istanbul’s main institution, Bogazici University.
Also the detention was the producer and author Cigdem Mater, the academic Hakan Altinay and other employees of the Anadolu Culture Association, a cultural foundation founded by the philanthropist Osman Kavala who has been detained without trial for over a year.
A police report found that prisoners were accused of organizing protests, bringing in coaches and professional activists and form new media to spread protests around Turkey.
The arrests made a sharp criticism by the ECJ of human rights and business and human rights groups.
“It’s sad to start the day with reports to catch many academics , “Erol Bilecik, Head of a Turquoise H Company they published on his Twitter page.
Turkey’s human rights association said that Tarhanli, lay dean, was a “prominent human rights defender who had long been engaged in the struggle for rule of law and trained many legal experts and other individuals.”