Chang 4 lunar mission lifted from Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan Province in the early hours of the morning,…
The farmer will carry out the first moon frequency astronaut experiment, observing whether plants will grow in the low-humidity environment on the moon and explore if there are water or other resources at the poles.
Another function of the mission is to study the interaction between solar winds and the moon surface using a new rover.
“Since the remote side of the moon is shielded from electromagnetic interference from the earth, it is an ideal place to explore the space environment and sunbreak, and the probe can” listen “to the deeper scope of cosmos.” Tongjie Liu, Deputy Director of Lunar Exploration and Space Program Center for China National Space Administration.
] Since the landing page is free of interference from radio frequencies, the mission requires that a relay satellite sends signals that were launched in place this year. Chang’s 4 rover is 1.5 meters long and about 1 meter wide and tall, with two folding solar panels and six wheels.
“China is keen to enter the record books with its space performance,” said Joan Johnson-Freese, a professor at US Naval War College and an expert in China’s space program.
“It is highly probable that with the success of Chang and the simultaneous success of the human space flight Shenzhou program – the two programs will eventually be combined with a Chinese human space flight program to the moon,” she added. “The odds for the next voice transfer from the Moon in Mandarin are high.”
China’s last moon stirrer, Yutu or Jade Rabbit, ended in August 2016 after 972 days of service on the moon’s surface as part of the Chang 3 mission. China was just the third nation that carried out a lunar landing, after the US and Russia.
The overall design of inheritance is from Jade Rabbit, according to the chief designer of China’s Moon Program.
“We worked hard to improve its reliability, carry out thousands of experiments to ensure its long-term operation, especially with regard to rocks, ravines and frictions on the moon,” told Wu Weiren of the CCTV state conservator in August.
Beijing plans to launch its first Mars probe around 2020 to perform orbital and rover exploration, followed by an assignment that would include collection of surface samples from the red planet.
China also strives to have a fully operational permanent space station in 2022, as the future of the International Space Station is still in doubt due to insecure funding and complex policies.
Unlike the latest success of sending a robot lander to Mars, the US space organization NASA has met years of budgetary constraints.
19659002] Although the Chinese government has long emphasized its “peaceful motives” in space exploration, Washington is increasingly considering China – together with Russia – as a potential threat that blames Beijing to work to bring new weapons into space and to urge President Donald Trump to announce the establishment of an American space force by 2020.
The US Congress has prevented NASA from working with China due to national security issues.
“A high percentage of space technology is (civil-military) dual use,” said Johnson-Freese. “The United States looks pretty much all China does in space – including things that the United States has done in space – as threatening”.
She suggested that a combination of military preparedness with diplomatic efforts best deterred from perceived threats in space from all directions, but added that “unfortunately, the United States has not shown interest in diplomatic leadership in space security.”