But Antarctica is not known to human population. Therefore, the United States and other 11 countries signed the Antarctic Treaty in 1959 to prohibit military activities and invest in scientific investigations. Now more than 40 other countries have joined the agreement since then and the research station on the continent has grown rapidly.  Recently, data collected by NASA shows that Antarctica has lost more than one hundred cubic meters of ice every year since 2002. The Grace satellite confirms that the region loses ice at a faster rate.
Ice loss has tripled since 2012 and has resulted in an increase in global sea levels by 0.12 inches (3 millimeters).
The team looked at the mass balance of the Icelandic sheet from 1992 to 2017 and found that the global sea level increased by 0.3 inches (7.6 millimeters).
These increasing ice melting rates from Antarctica cause sea levels to rise faster than ever before in the last 25 years.
Ice loss before 2012 was on a par with about 83.8 billion tonnes per year, which contributes 0.008 inches to sea level increase each year.
Researchers in 2013 released 20 balloons under the auspices of BARREL to study the electron loss of relativity, led by physicist Robyn Millan, Dartmouth College in Hanover.
Experts launched a balloon every day or two into the circular winds circulating around the pole. Interestingly, the balloon moved anywhere from three to forty days, measuring x-rays produced by fast electrons high up in the atmosphere.
The last balloon was released by the researchers on August 30, 2016 to study how electrons precipitate into the Earth’s atmosphere.
A total of eight payloads were launched. The team could observe parts of the immediate area, while other key NASA missions.