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GM workers can find new jobs. The salary is the problem.

"Access to talent is our biggest challenge," said Sandy Baruah, President and CEO of the Detroit Regional Chamber of Commerce.GM…

“Access to talent is our biggest challenge,” said Sandy Baruah, President and CEO of the Detroit Regional Chamber of Commerce.

GM announced this week that it would close five factories and reduce 15% of its officials as it switches production from sedans and to other vehicle types. Two of the plants that are closed for closure are in the Detroit area, and one is across the border in Ontario, Canada.

“The people working in car jobs will be able to find work in the auto-related industry in this region, I think without any problems,” Baruah said.

The 8000 officials expected to lose their positions will also have many options outside the automotive industry, especially if they are willing to move. Technical engineers or managers of any type will not require much retraining to fill in demand positions.

“Craftsmanship skills are quite general skills needed in most labor markets,” said Andrew Weaver, a deputy professor in work and employment relations at the University of Illinois. “If you are a clerk or an accountant for GM, you can become a clerk or an accountant for a life insurance company.”

However, it does not mean finding the next job will be simple &#821

1; especially as good as the union stores on GM.

With hourly wages ranging from $ 28 to $ 41 depending on experience, plus annual profit sharing checks, excellent care plans, pensions and other benefits like discounts on vehicles and homework help, positions like those offered by GM and other Detroit car dealers are now rare in America for workers, especially those who do not have a college degree.

General Motors has said that hour workers will be able to transfer to other plants. The company declined to share exactly how many openings there are currently, but said that “many” positions exist in Flint, Michigan and Arlington, Texas – movements that come with bonuses to help with relocation costs, as well as the right of workers to return to their hometowns if the jobs come back.

 The cuts on GM are tough. The future of the company without them would be even harder

Nanette Donithan, 54, says she must try to keep her GM job.

Over her 20 years at Lordstown, Ohio, Plant, Donithan could raise two children as a single mom and buy a house. Now she is a grandmother and has her own 84-year-old mother to take care of. But she still pays for a transfer at almost all other GM plants, even if she leaves her family would be devastating.

“I’ll do what I have to do to finish my career, because I can not just move on,” says Donithan. “I could go out and do what the rest of society does and work with two or three jobs. Even if you go through the college, you only get $ 12 or $ 13 per hour.”

The Auto Auto Workers Union Association is still negotiating with the company about the possibility of bringing new products to plants on Hamtramck, outside of Detroit and Lordstown, which can save them from closure. The comment comments Comments Donald Trump made a conversation last summer in Youngstown where he told the audience that he would get a job in the area.

“Do not move, do not sell your house,” he said on time. “We’ll get the jobs that come back.”

Some workers can not have a choice. Many permanent employees in the automotive industry have been replaced by temporary staff of temporary employment agencies, which are not trade unions and offer fewer benefits. While manufacturing wages accelerate, the workforce does not employ employers to offer different forms of migration incentives to direct workers who may be available to sought after workers as software engineers or computer scientists.

Himmers GM workers receive supplementary unemployment insurance through the trade union, which gives them time to figure out the next step, “said Kristin Dziczek, Deputy CEO at the Center for Vehicle Research.

“Nobody pays what GM pays on most of these local labor markets,” said Dziczek. “The prospect of there may be future employment while on termination may keep some of these workers hoping they will return to GM. “

Although the manufacturing sector releases out of 100,000 people a month across the country, thousands of people immediately dump into a single city, in themselves, harder for anyone to find new jobs without moving.

The 1,400 people released from the Lordstown plant can, in particular, get harder because Two previous shifts have been cut over the past two years, and the redundancies will not end with GM itself. A wave of cuts will be observed at the assembly plant’s suppliers whose workers usually do not have protection for a union cow ntrakt.

The city of Youngstown has lost more than 27,000 manufacturing jobs since 2000 and flooded the market with jobseekers. Workers with more employment rates usually last the longest, so those who are released now are likely to be in the later stages of their career.

It creates a double whammy of discrimination, “said Susan Houseman, vice president of the Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.

“There is certainly extensive discrimination against older workers, and workers who have been in a union,” said Houseman. “The worry is that they expect to earn more, and they will be less productive because they will be reluctant to earn less.”

But Burt Cene, head of the workforce development board serving the Mahoning Valley, says it differs from the steel industry disappearing from the 1970s and 1980s. He was then a union leader and remembered that many people were hoping that the steelworks would grow up again – but they never did.

“When it went away, it took almost everything,” says Cene. He thinks that divorced car workers have a better shot to maintain their middle class life than steel workers 30 years ago. The region has more jobs in health and education now, if union workers are willing to go back to school.

“The economy is much better than it was in the 70’s,” says Cene. “Even for retraining, I think there are many good opportunities.”

Danielle Wiener-Bronner contributed to this story.

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