Istanbul (AFP) – The leaders of Turkey, Russia, France and Germany last Saturday called for a fragile ceasefire to be…
Istanbul (AFP) – The leaders of Turkey, Russia, France and Germany last Saturday called for a fragile ceasefire to be preserved in Syria’s last major rebel-based bastion in Idlib after a major summit aimed at finding a political solution to the country’s devastating seven-year civil war .
In a joint statement adopted at the end of the talks in Istanbul, the four nations emphasized the importance of an ongoing ceasefire, emphasizing the need to continue to fight terrorism. “
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan read the statement, who acclaimed “progress” following an agreement last month between the Syrian regime’s supporters Russia and rebellion Turkey to create a buffer zone around the northwestern province of Idlib.
Erdogan met Russian President Vladimir Putin, France’s Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel for extended talks about the Syrian conflict, where more than 360,000 people have been killed since 2011.  The statement also called for a committee to be set up to elaborate Syria’s postwar war before the end of the year, “paving the way for free and fair elections” in the war The country.
A rival UN plan for a cow mmitté to write the constitution ran this week, with the UN Special Envoy Staffan de Mistura, who attended the summit and said that Damascus rejected the UN, which has a role in the selection process.
The four leaders in Istanbul promised to work “together to create the conditions for peace and stability in Syria” and “encourage a political solution and strengthen international consensus”.
– Idlib violence escalates –
The summit also stated the need to ensure humanitarian organizations “fast, safe and unrestricted access throughout Syria and immediate humanitarian aid to reach all people in need.”
The Summit aimed at the millions who were displaced by the grievance conflict, saying that exchanges had to be created “across the country for safe and voluntary return of refugees.”
The conversation came after a week of escalating violence in Idlib culminated in Syrian regime artillery which killed seven civilians on Friday, the highest death grant since the fragile violent crime started last month.
Following the joint press conference in Istanbul, Macron called on Russia to push Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime to create a “stable and permanent ceasefire in Idlib.”  We trust Russia to exert a very clear pressure on the regime due to the f s survival, “he said.
But Putin warned that if “radicals” were to launch armed provocations from the Idlib zone, Russia reserves the right to actively assist the Syrian government in liquidation of this source of terrorist threat. “
-” Challenge is to end two wars “-
Merkel said meanwhile that leaders” have a duty to prevent another mess of Anitarian disaster “.
“The challenge is to end two war: the war on terror and the regime’s war against large parts of its own population,” she said.
“We must move on to the political process at the end of it, there must be free elections open to all the Syria – including those in the diaspora.”
Erdogan, a vowel opponent of Assad, said the Syrian ” inside and outside “the country will decide the fate of the president. 19659020] Support groups have warned that a government’s military offensive in Idlib, home to three million people, could spark one of the worst humanitarian disasters in the seven-year war.
With an attack on government forces that appear to be imminent, Moscow and Ankara agreed on September 17 to create a 15-20 kilometer wide demilitarized zone calling Idlib, as Turkey attempted to avoid an attack that led to further influx of people across the border.
On Friday, Syria’s UN Envoy Bashar Jaafari held that the buffer zone is temporal
Turkey and Russia have had several talks with Iran about the Syrian conflict in efforts that have often been made with suspicions in the West, but Saturday’s summit was the first to include the EU’s two most important national leaders.
Syria’s resistance, as previously described Russia’s military intervention in 2015 as an occupation, said Friday on Friday that it was dialogue with Moscow.
But US Defense Minister Jim Mattis told a security conference in Bahrain that Russia was not a substitute for the United States.
“Russia’s presence in the region can not replace the long-term, lasting and translucent US commitment to the Middle East,” said Mattis.