SEOUL, South Korea – A South Korean train on Friday went over to North Korea for the first time in a decade, when the two countries began a joint study to renovate the north’s depreciated rail system and connect it to the south.  Over the next 18 days, dozens of civil servants and engineers from both Koreans will live and work on the sex car, traveling more than 1,600 miles as they study the north’s rail network and consider what it would take to bring it up to international standards. The train rolled north over the heavily armed borders on Friday morning.
The study is one of a number of collaborative projects such as Mr. Moon has enchanted to develop closer ties with the north and show what economic benefits the country can get from giving up nuclear weapons. When mr. And North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un, met for the first time in April, agreed to help build northern railways and highways, as Kim said was in a “embarrassing” form.
But if that happens depends on progress in tearing north of its nuclear weapons. International sanctions introduced in the north over their weapons program prohibit the type of significant South investment that such infrastructure work would entail. Although the fuel and equipment needed to carry out a common railroad study specifically demanded approval from the UN Security Council.
The former two Koreans conducted such a research in 2007, when they conducted a limited field study on a railroad line in western North Korea. They linked short stretches of railroad across the border that year.
A South Korean cargo train drove five times a week on one of the short cross-border routes until 2008, when the countries’ relations began to be sour across the North’s pursuit of nuclear weapons. Plans for further connections between the two rail systems were interrupted.
On Friday, the Union Minister Cho Myoung Gyon and other South Korean officials sent the study at a short ceremony at Dorasan train station near the border to the north.
“You will visit train stations and crosses and rivers in North Korea, no outside visited previously,” said Cho, according to pool reports from South Korean journalists. “By reconnecting our railways, South and North Korea can succeed together and make peace on the Korean Peninsula more solid.”
Korea’s railway lines have been detached since 1950-53 Korean War. Mr. Moon hopes to reconnect them will be a step towards economic integration and eventually reunification.
But while Moon has been eager to drive such projects, the United States is confident that the South will refrain from significant economic cooperation with the north until it takes major steps toward denuclearization. The apparent discord of the arose from the fear of a fragmentation in the alliance.
South Korea’s proposal to carry out the iron study became earlier in the year of American concern that it could violate UN sanctions. But last week, Washington and Seoul launched a joint working group to better coordinate their interactions with North Korea, and the United States signed up for the railroad study.
Mr. The moon has said that he agrees with the Trump Administration that a large financial cooperation with the North can only begin after sanctions have been lifted. He plans to meet with President Trump later on from the 20th Argentina Summit Conference this weekend to discuss how to break the deadlock in the nuclear negotiations between North Korea and the United States.
South Korea, whose only land border is with the north, has long dreamed of building a trans-Korean railway that can provide a link to China and beyond. This would provide a faster way to send exports now shipped to China and Europe, and to bring in Russian oil and other natural resources.