Categories: world

Five years later, the MH370 still changes how we fly

Programming Note: For more on the MH370 tragedy, check CNN's special report, "Disappeared: Mystery in Malaysia 370," Friday at 10 pm ET.It is hard to believe that we still do not know exactly what happened to Boeing 777, or why it disappeared on the way from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing on March 8, 2014.The idea of ​​an airline with 239 Passengers and crew members could simply disappear were unthinkable – even for the veteran aviation industry authorities such as Miguel Marin, head of operational safety at the Air Navigation Bureau, which is part of the International Civil Aviation Organization. (ICAO, the UN agency establishes worldwide aviation standards.) "1 9659005]" It was unthinkable that today and age we would lose a large aircraft without a track, "said Marin to CNN on the telephone from the ICAO Montreal headquarters. The tragedy shocked ICAO enough so that it quickly began to work. The result is a long-term plan called the Global Aeronautical Distress and Safety System (GADSS), which uses technology and communications innovations to better look at the aircraft we are flying on. Part of the plan requires that all major aircraft now automatically track their flight positions every 15 minutes, while another new rule focuses on what happens when a commercial flight is in need. It can be remembered that the reason the world lost track of MH370 was because its transponders mysteriously ceased to transmit the controller's position about three minutes after the final radio call of the beam. Now, ICAO…

Programming Note: For more on the MH370 tragedy, check CNN’s special report, “Disappeared: Mystery in Malaysia 370,” Friday at 10 pm ET.

It is hard to believe that we still do not know exactly what happened to Boeing 777, or why it disappeared on the way from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing on March 8, 2014.

The idea of ​​an airline with 239 Passengers and crew members could simply disappear were unthinkable – even for the veteran aviation industry authorities such as Miguel Marin, head of operational safety at the Air Navigation Bureau, which is part of the International Civil Aviation Organization. (ICAO, the UN agency establishes worldwide aviation standards.) “1

9659005]” It was unthinkable that today and age we would lose a large aircraft without a track, “said Marin to CNN on the telephone from the ICAO Montreal headquarters. The tragedy shocked ICAO enough so that it quickly began to work.

The result is a long-term plan called the Global Aeronautical Distress and Safety System (GADSS), which uses technology and communications innovations to better look at the aircraft we are flying on. Part of the plan requires that all major aircraft now automatically track their flight positions every 15 minutes, while another new rule focuses on what happens when a commercial flight is in need.

It can be remembered that the reason the world lost track of MH370 was because its transponders mysteriously ceased to transmit the controller’s position about three minutes after the final radio call of the beam. Now, ICAO calls on the world’s airlines to provide a so-called “emergency tracking system” on their plan in 2021.

The system would autonomously transmit the aircraft’s position at one minute intervals when the plane is in “a position that – if left unattended – will to lead to an accident “, according to Marin. This system can work “independently of any pilot actions”, added Marin; Transponders could transmit an emergency plan and a unique aircraft ID to authorities that could start a rescue.

While some pilots have opposed the idea as a security problem, they say they can shut down any electrical system on board in the event of a fire or other emergency at a flight, says a company called Aireon that customers – including Malaysia Airlines – already signing up for their system, which it plans to have online next month.

The company uses a constellation of 66 interconnected satellites to monitor all air traffic in real time – even over large distances of the sea where ground-based radar coverage is impossible.

Space-based global tracking

How it works: The plan is equipped with devices called transponders that send signals retrieved by ground stations and orbiting satellites. These signals are then transmitted to airlines and air traffic controllers.

“This is the first time ever that all aircraft are tracked around the world in real time,” says Don Thoma, CEO of Aireon, who owns the technology. “When you talk to other people in the industry, they really see this as a kind of basic change option for air traffic control and aviation infrastructure.”

The space-based global tracking is expected to eliminate the big blind spots in flight tracks that still exist across the world’s oceans, deserts, mountains and other remote regions. These are the gaps that led to the loss of the MH370 and created long-standing questions about their fate.

Investigators were able to get clues to the beam’s location from their smart-tech engines, which were programmed to regularly ping maintenance data to orbit satellites. But the pegs were not designed for tracking, and they could only reveal that the MH370’s last position believed to be somewhere in the Southern Indian Ocean.

This lack of information drove the establishment of the ICAO plan, Marin said: “The standard for aircraft tracking would not have happened otherwise.”

Now Marin says he is convinced that “ICAO has implemented and adopted the standards it would prevent an accident such as Malaysia 370 ever happening again.”

Searches and disappointments

Years ago The disappearance of the MH370 disappeared has been difficult for loved ones and crews. No crash site has been discovered, and bodies have not been found. Memorial Services was kept safe about what happened.

In January 2015, almost a year after the plane disappeared, the Malaysian government officially declared the failed planet an “accident” and said everyone aboard the aircraft was adopted dead.

 MH370 Disappearance Timeline

But two Indian Ocean searches continued until 2018 and cost tens of millions of dollars. In 2015 and 2016, rubbish confirmed from the MH370 – including a wing fragment and part of the beam’s flaperon-washed land in eastern Africa and nearby islands, thousands of miles from the region where the planet disappeared.

 MH370 flaperone found in eastern Africa.

Officials with Australian Transport The Security Agency told an Australian hearing last year that the plane had probably crashed into the Indian Ocean after exiting fuel.

But on March 3, the Malaysian Prime Minister promised to continue searching.

Marin, who agrees with the MH370 probably crashed, believes that if it had been equipped with an emergency tracking system, it would have automatically alerted the authorities and identified the site of the flight wreck – resolving one of the greatest long-standing issues in this historic mystery.

 Timeline: Main plane crashes

The biggest challenge now is to create a “one-stop” data warehouse where air traffic controllers, search and rescue coordination centers and aviation authorities like the FAA can all access.

Marin said he is convinced that the ICAO will have an emergency tracking system prototype system that will work and be ready for testing in one year, with the goal of getting it in place and fully operational worldwide by January 2021, said Marine.

Space-based tracking also saves time, money and pollution cuts

“The whole reason why Aireon was put together was certainly to help improve safety, but it also provides a significant benefit to airlines,” Sade Thoma. “The fact that you know what’s happening – where the aircraft is – allows airlines flying across the oceans to work more efficiently.”

More than 1,500 daily flights connect the US and Europe. With real-time monitoring, pilots and air traffic controllers will have much more flexibility to optimize flight paths, reduce flight time, burn less fuel, and emit less greenhouse gases – “very important things to the aviation industry and passengers,” Thoma

. Aireon, along with Canadian and British aviation authorities, plans to start live tests in parts of Canada and across the North Atlantic in April.

The US Federal Aviation Authority has also been involved in the design, testing and development of Aireon’s tracking system, Thoma says, and the organization plans to start testing it by the end of next year. “We hope in that time they will expand it to the full oceanic use.”

We can never know all the answers to what happened to the MH370, but if space-based tracking and ICAO’s plan seem successful, we are unlikely to ever see another tragedy again.

CNN’s James Griffiths, Ben Brumfield, Miles O&B; Brien, Ben Westcott, Angela Dewan and Jessie Yeung contributed to this report.

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