November Reuters Reuters WASHINGTON – The number of international students entering universities and universities in the United States has fallen…
WASHINGTON – The number of international students entering universities and universities in the United States has fallen for second consecutive year, an ideal group said Tuesday, when the Trump administration tried to tighten restrictions on foreigners studying in the United States.
New entries during the school year 2017-18 fell by 6.6 percent compared with the previous year, according to an annual survey published by the Institute of International Education. This is a decrease of 3.3 percent of new international students who are admitted in the 201
6-17 academic year.
Several factors drive the decrease. The Trump Administration’s visa and immigration policy has deterred some international students from enrolling, college administrators and immigration analysts said.
A strong dollar has made US college education relatively more expensive, and Canadian and European universities compete heavily for the same students, and headlines on mass shifts may also have deterred some students, “said Allan Goodman, president of the IIE.
“Everything matters from security, to cost, maybe perceptions of visa policy,” said Goodman. “We do not hear that students feel they can not come here. We hear they have choices. We hear that there is competition from other countries.”
International students have become an important source of funding for American colleges as traditional sources of income, such as state funding, are under pressure. Most students of foreign students do not qualify for needs-based financial support and must pay close to full education and fees to attend schools in the United States.
Like in previous years, the largest number of students from China, India and South Korea, which totaled 56.1 percent of all international students.
IIE did not track new international student numbers prior to school year 2004-05, but Goodman said the recent drops in new enrollments were comparable to the period after September 11, 2001 attacks. The annual survey of foreign student application is funded by the US Department of State.
Some immigration policy experts and college administrators attributed the decline to the Trump Administration’s pursuit of restricting immigration and an overall sense of an American political climate that is hostile to immigrants and foreigners.
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“It’s not a welcoming environment,” said Doug Rand, a former White House official working on immigration issues under the Obama administration.
He noted that Trump has moved to restrict the issuance of qualified employee visa and permanent residence, which many incoming students may apply for in the future.
“It is an act of willful ignorance that indicates that our immigration policy has no direct impact on foreign student registration,” said Rand. 19659005] Caroline Casagrande, a department head of the service, said the “extortion” of international student enrollments began in 2015-2016 the year before Trump’s admitter started in administration. That year, the new enrollment still increased by 2.4 percent compared with the previous year.
“The US Department of State is committed to facilitating the legitimate trip to the United States of individuals who want to study in American academic institutions,” Casagrande said during a telephone conversation with reporters. “It is quite obvious that it is not justified to say that it is entirely the result of a political environment.”
Cary Jensen, Deputy Deputy Proof of International Advocates and Engagement at the University of Rochester, New York, said that international students had received more investigation from the US government since the attacks of September 11, but that “this half-year has just taken it to another level. “
Jensen said it was a major problem for US universities that the lack of clarity regarding Trump administration policies, partly because of long courts over politics like Trump’s travel ban against people from several Muslim majority countries.
“It has been the worst, it’s uncertainty,” says Jensen. “There are fears and people tend to overreact.”
The administration is implementing concrete measures to limit visa policy for international students. Last month, it said that it would strive after setting a fixed maximum stay period for international students. Students can currently stay for an indefinite period, and exchange advocates worry about such a change would make it more difficult to recruit students and limit their flexibility when they are in the country.
In August, the administration changed the international and exchange Visitors find themselves going to “illegal presence”, an infringement that could lead it to be locked out of the country for up to 10 years. Several colleges matched the change and argued that it would lead to “ban against countless international students and exchange visitors like act in good faith. “
The total number of new international students in the US in 2017-2018 increased by 1.5 percent to record high of almost 1.1 million, but it was the slightest annual rate of growth since 2005. Growth in total registration was driven by an almost 16 percent increase in the number of students who chose to stay in the United States after completing their studies for short term work called “optional practical training”.
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