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Exercise, sleep, screens: What world health leaders recommend for children under 5

On Wednesday, the United Nations public health agency released its first guidelines on physical activity, sedentary behavior and sleep for children under 5. The guidelines varied by age group: infants younger than 1, children 1 to 2, and those 3 to 4. "We haven't previously recommended recommendations for under 5," said Juana Willumsen, an expert in WHO's Department of Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, who contributed to the development of the new guidelines. The new guidelines for younger children are based on a systematic review of scientific evidence in published studies regarding the health benefits of physical activity, sleep and limiting time spent staring at screens among infants and young children. experts looks at the evidence and proposes recommendations, "Willumsen said. " We felt it was really important to bring the new evidence together and produce these guidelines to help policy makers, people who are establishing policies for early child care or who are advising parents and caregivers, "she said." We see that childhood obesity rates are rising dramatically, so far more evident that prevention needs to start early. " sedentary behaviors are associated with reduced adiposity, or body fat. Overweight and obese children are likely to remain overweight and obese into adulthood, which puts them at risk of developing non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, according to WHO. year old For infants younger than 1 , WHO recommends that they are physically active several times a day in a variety of ways, with floor-based play and at least…

On Wednesday, the United Nations public health agency released its first guidelines on physical activity, sedentary behavior and sleep for children under 5. The guidelines varied by age group: infants younger than 1, children 1 to 2, and those 3 to 4.

“We haven’t previously recommended recommendations for under 5,” said Juana Willumsen, an expert in WHO’s Department of Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, who contributed to the development of the new guidelines.

The new guidelines for younger children are based on a systematic review of scientific evidence in published studies regarding the health benefits of physical activity, sleep and limiting time spent staring at screens among infants and young children. experts looks at the evidence and proposes recommendations, “Willumsen said.

” We felt it was really important to bring the new evidence together and produce these guidelines to help policy makers, people who are establishing policies for early child care or who are advising parents and caregivers, “she said.” We see that childhood obesity rates are rising dramatically, so far more evident that prevention needs to start early. “

sedentary behaviors are associated with reduced adiposity, or body fat.

Overweight and obese children are likely to remain overweight and obese into adulthood, which puts them at risk of developing non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, according to WHO.

year old

For infants younger than 1

, WHO recommends that they are physically active several times a day in a variety of ways, with floor-based play and at least 30 minutes of tummy time.

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The guidelines also recommend that infants not to be restrained – such as in a stroller, in a high chair or on a caregiver’s back – for more than an hour at a time.

WHO recommends to spend too much time seated, WHO recommends engaging in reading or storytelling with a caregiver – and screen time is n ot recommended for this age group.

In these guidelines, screen time refers to passively watching entertainment on a screen, such as on a television, computer or mobile device.

WHO also recommends that infants 3 months or younger to get 14 to 17 hours of quality sleep a day, including naps. Those aged 4 to 11 months should get 12 to 16 hours.

If your child is 1 to 2 years old

Children aged 1 to 2 should get plenty of quality sleep every day: between 11 and 14 hours, including naps, according to the guidelines.

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The guidelines also recommend that These children spend at least 180 minutes in a variety of physical activities.

“Physical activity has the greatest impact, and the recommendation for 180 minutes of physical activity for children over 1 of year of age is really a return to active. We’re not recommending structured exercise, “Willumsen said.

” “It’s really about having that opportunity for active play,” she said. “It’s the way that children learn.”

Children in this age group should not be restrained for more than an hour at a time e, according to the guidelines. Screen time is not recommended for one-year-olds, and the guidelines recommend that it be limited to one hour a day for 2-year-olds.

If your child is 3 to 4 years old

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The new guidelines are “straightforward “and” give parents some parameters to follow when it comes to sleep, physical activity and limiting screen time, “said Dr. Jennifer Shu, an Atlanta-based pediatrician and spokeswoman for the American Academy of Pediatrics, who was not involved in the WHO guidelines.

The guidelines are comparable to recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics. For example, the academy similarly recommends to avoid digital media use for children younger than 24 months and to limit screen time to an hour a day for children 2 to 5.

“Too often, I see tired, overscheduled kids who eat on the run during the week and become sedentary on weekends because they are exhausted. These guidelines are a good reminder of how to stay healthy for the long term, “said Shu, co-author of the book” Heading Home With Your Newborn: From Birth to Reality. “

” Keep these guidelines in mind when planning your child’s daily routine. Make sleep and physical activity a priority, “she said.” By working on those aspects, screen time and sedentary behaviors should naturally stay fairly low. . “


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