Imagine what land would look if all its greenery turns around, yes, purple. The second world fantasy could actually have…
Imagine what land would look if all its greenery turns around, yes, purple.
The second world fantasy could actually have become a reality during the dawn of life on our planet, says a new study, as the first organisms on earth may have developed a way of gaining energy by absorbing energy from sunlight using the molecular membrane.
This discovery means that the Earth may have practiced a shadow of lavender in the distant past – and it can help when we look for alien life on other planets throughout the galaxy, according to the study published in the International Journal of Astrobiology.
Currently, plants on Earth use chlorophyll with the green human molecule to help convert carbon dioxide into oxygen and fuel life on the ground, as noted by the study. But researchers suggest that life may have begun with purple-colored retinal to get the necessary energy.
The life of retinal molecules absorbs green and yellow light, the study says, and then emits a mixture of blue and red light coming out purple.
And they are not a thing of the past, Astrobiologist University of California Astrobiologist Dr Edward Schwieterman told Astrobiology Magazine.
Retinal phototrophic metabolism is still common throughout the world, especially in the oceans, and represents one of the most important bioenergetic processes on earth, “the co-author of the study said.
About 2.4 billion years ago, the Earth ̵
1; at that time with an atmosphere high in methane and carbon dioxide – experienced a rapid increase in oxygen levels. The study’s authors believe that plants used both retinal and chlorophyll at that time to absorb energy, but an organism called cyanobacteria used photosynthesis at that time to drive more oxygen back into the atmosphere.
The study estimates that both chlorophyll and retin coexisted to absorb energy from the sun at different wavelengths, even though the retinal occurred first.
Organism uses retinal molecules to absorb the lightning of the sun at wavelengths of 568 nm, which fall within the area that chlorophyll does not, says the study. As noted by the Great Lakes Ledger, researchers led to wonder if, retinally, “something else” that was already capitalized absorbs the sun’s energy at the specific wavelength before oxygen infiltration about 2.4 billion years ago.
“This is exactly What made us think that the two pigments – retinal and chlorophyll – may have evolved,” says the University of Maryland School of Medicine Microbiologist Shiladitya DasSarma, according to Astrobiology Magazine.
So what does this mean for the search for foreigners?
Basically, if it happened here on earth, it could happen somewhere else. So, researchers suggest that we should broaden the scope of the types of organisms we are looking for exoplanets when we try to figure out if we are alone in the universe.
Specifically, we should start looking for a “green edge”, says the study.
Researchers are currently seeking a “red edge” on distant planets with a chance for life, because organisms using chlorophyll reflect infrared red light just as they do on earth. Because it is the most important type of life we know, it is a method used by those looking for foreigners.
But if a planet had life that mainly works with retinal molecules, the study says, you should expect to see a “green edge”. And that may be what we find in the future in space, “said DasSarma, as his study found retinal is both” simple “and” regular “, LiveScience reported.