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Drinking water linked to fewer sweet drinks – and calories – in children

Researchers analyzed data from 8,400 children and teens aged 2 to 19 gathered between 2011 and 2016 as part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which is administered annually by the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Parents and children asked to remember what the children had consumed in the previous 24 hours, and the calories were added. One in five children and young adults reported that they did not drink water the day before the study. Not drinking water was associated with consuming an additional 93 calories a day on average and 4.5% more calories from sweetened drinks such as sodas, sports drinks and juices, according to the study, published Monday in JAMA Pediatrics. The number of extra calories consumed varies by age, as well as race and ethnicity. Caucasian children who did not drink water received an additional 1 22 calories from sweet drinks, while Spanish children consumed an additional 61 calories from these and African American children an additional 93 calories. The research was not designed to determine the amount of water that would prevent children from drinking sweet drinks, but whether drinking water had any effect at all, Asher Rosinger, an assistant professor at Pennsylvania State University and senior author of the new study, explained. Due to the study design, research could not create a definite cause and effect between drinking water and consuming fewer calories, only one compound, Dr. Natalie Muth, a practicing pediatrician and registered dietitian in Carlsbad, California, who was…

Researchers analyzed data from 8,400 children and teens aged 2 to 19 gathered between 2011 and 2016 as part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which is administered annually by the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Parents and children asked to remember what the children had consumed in the previous 24 hours, and the calories were added.

One in five children and young adults reported that they did not drink water the day before the study. Not drinking water was associated with consuming an additional 93 calories a day on average and 4.5% more calories from sweetened drinks such as sodas, sports drinks and juices, according to the study, published Monday in JAMA Pediatrics.

The number of extra calories consumed varies by age, as well as race and ethnicity. Caucasian children who did not drink water received an additional 1

22 calories from sweet drinks, while Spanish children consumed an additional 61 calories from these and African American children an additional 93 calories.

The research was not designed to determine the amount of water that would prevent children from drinking sweet drinks, but whether drinking water had any effect at all, Asher Rosinger, an assistant professor at Pennsylvania State University and senior author of the new study, explained.

Due to the study design, research could not create a definite cause and effect between drinking water and consuming fewer calories, only one compound, Dr. Natalie Muth, a practicing pediatrician and registered dietitian in Carlsbad, California, who was not involved in the research.

“Children who drink water may have parents who limit sweet drinks and otherwise promote healthy food, or children who do not drink water do not have access to safe water,” she added.

With the limitations in mind Rosinger and his team point out that sugary drinks add empty calories to children’s diets and can increase the risk of weight gain, obesity and diabetes.

“I talk to my patients and their families all the time about the health risks of sweet drinks and the advantage that they mainly drink water and milk,” says Muth.

 Medical groups require taxes and regulations on children access to sweet drinks

The American Heart Association recommends that diets of children over 2 years be limited to 25 grams of added sugar each day and say that children should not drink more than one 8 gram sugar-containing drink per week.

Despite the guidelines, a 2017 study showed that nearly two-thirds of children in the United States consumed at least one sugary drink on a given day and about 30% consumed two or more a day.

“Sick drinks are a cornerstone of many children’s diets. They are cheap, easy to find, heavily marketed and taste sweet, so children like them,” says Muth.

The American Heart Association recently went to the American Academy of Pediatrics for To recommend federal, state, and local law enforcement policy changes, encourage them to implement policies to reduce children’s intake of sweet drinks.

For parents who want to encourage healthy habits, Muth recommends offering water as the first and preferred beverage choice at 6 months of age, which limits access to sweet drinks, models drinking water themselves and makes drinking water more fun by infusing it with fruit, mint or a lime of lemon or lemon.

“Children who do not drink water are more likely to get their liquids someone elsewhere, “said Muth.” All that is required is an extra 70 calories or so per day for children to get overweight and h be at risk for obesity or obesity. “

CNN’s Jacqueline Howard contributed to this report.


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