We've all heard exercise helps you live longer. But a new study goes one step further and finds that a…
(CNN) – We’ve all heard exercise helps you live longer. But a new study goes one step further and finds that a sedentary lifestyle is worse for your health than smoking, diabetes and heart disease.
Dr. Wael Jaber, a cardiologist at the Cleveland Clinic and senior author of the study, called the results “extremely surprisingly.”
“Being inappropriate on a treadmill or in an exercise test has a worse forecast than death than is hypertonic, diabetic or being a current smoker,” told Jaber of CNN. “We have never seen anything as pronounced as this and as objective as this.”
Jaber said that researchers now have to convey the risks to the general population that “unauthorized is considered to be strong by a risk factor such as hypertension, diabetes and smoking – if not stronger than all of them.”
“It should be treated almost as a disease with a prescription called exercise, “he said.
Researchers subsequently studied 122007 patients who underwent training at the Cleveland Clinic between January 1, 1991 and December 31, 2014 to measure all causal mortality related to the benefits of exercise and exercise. Those who had the lowest training rate accounted for 12% of the participants.
The study was published on Friday in the JAMA Network Open magazine.
“Cardiovascular disease and diabetes are the most expensive diseases in the US. We spend more than $ 200 billion a year dealing with these diseases and their complications. Instead of paying huge amounts of disease treatment, we should encourage our patients and communities to be active and exercise daily, “says Dr. Jordan Metzl, Physical Therapist at Hospital for Special Surgery and Author of the Book “The Exercise Cure.”
Jaber said that the second major revelation from the research is that fitness leads to longer life without limitation for aerobic exercise. Researchers have always been concerned that “ultra” practitioners may be at greater risk of death, but the study found that it was not the case.
“There is no level of exercise or fitness that exposes you to risk” said. “We can see from the study that ultra-fit still has lower mortality.”
“In this study, the most appropriate individuals did the best,” said Metzl, who was not involved in the study. “When declared by their doctors, patients should not be afraid of exercise intensity.”
The benefits of exercise are seen in all ages and in both men and women, “probably more pronounced in women,” said Jaber. “Whether you are in the 40’s or 80’s, you will benefit the same way.”
The risks, he said, became more shocking when comparing those who do not exercise much. “We all know that a sedentary lifestyle or being unfit has some risk. But I’m surprised that they also overwhelm the risk factors as strong as smoking, diabetes or even end-stage disease.”
“People who are not performing very well on a treadmill test, “Jaber said,” almost double risk for people with renal failure in dialysis. “
What made the study so unique, in addition to the large number of people studied, he said that researchers do not rely on patients who reported their own exercise . “These are not the patients who tell us what they are doing,” Jaber said. “This is what we test them and objectively determine the real measure of what they are doing.”
Comparing those with a sedentary lifestyle to the best training activists, he said that the risk associated with death is “500% higher”.  “If you compare the risk of sitting against the highest score of the exercise test, the risk is about three times higher than smoking,” Jaber explained.
Comparing someone who does not increase much for anyone who regularly exercises, he said, still showed a risk 390% higher. “There’s actually no roof for the benefit of exercise,” he said. “” There is no age limit that does not benefit from being physically appropriate. “
Dr. Satjit Bhusri, a cardiologist at Lenox Hill Hospital, who was not involved in the study said that this strengthens what we know.” Sedentary Western lifestyle has led to a higher incidence of heart disease and this shows that it is modifiable. It’s reversible, “he explained, adding that doctors are really good at treating patients who have had cardiovascular events but they can be prevented.” We are meant to go running, exercising. It’s about getting up and moving. “
For patients, especially those living a sedentary lifestyle, Jaber said:” You should require prescription from your doctor for exercise. “