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Do shiny people have faster metabolism? Not really

Basal (or dormant) metabolism refers to the total number of calories all cells in the body need to be alive and functioning. "Your resting metabolic rate is typically described as the total number of calories your body needs when you are at rest. It consists of basic functions such as supporting your vital organs, muscles and fat tissues and the energy required to break down the food we eat," says Martin Binks. , head of the Nutrition & Metabolic Health Initiative at Texas Tech University. "Your total calorie needs include those plus what is needed to move around," he added. "Therefore, it is natural to have more mass, a larger person burns. more calories. " Melissa Majumdar, a registered dietician, personal trainer and senior bariatric dietician at Brigham and Women & # 39; s Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Center, says:" If we kept two people in a bed with different body weight, the heavier person will burn more. " This biological reality also explains why, after losing an initial amount of weight &#821 1; say 10 or 20 pounds – it is more difficult to continue losing weight. With a lower body weight, you burn fewer calories, and so the amount of energy or You need to consume fewer and fewer calories to keep losing weight. All this is known as our basic or dormant metabolism, which is directly related to our But other factors also contribute, including our body composition, or the amount of lean muscle versus obesity. Although…

Basal (or dormant) metabolism refers to the total number of calories all cells in the body need to be alive and functioning. “Your resting metabolic rate is typically described as the total number of calories your body needs when you are at rest. It consists of basic functions such as supporting your vital organs, muscles and fat tissues and the energy required to break down the food we eat,” says Martin Binks. , head of the Nutrition & Metabolic Health Initiative at Texas Tech University.

“Your total calorie needs include those plus what is needed to move around,” he added. “Therefore, it is natural to have more mass, a larger person burns. more calories. “

Melissa Majumdar, a registered dietician, personal trainer and senior bariatric dietician at Brigham and Women & # 39; s Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Center, says:” If we kept two people in a bed with different body weight, the heavier person will burn more. “

This biological reality also explains why, after losing an initial amount of weight &#821

1; say 10 or 20 pounds – it is more difficult to continue losing weight. With a lower body weight, you burn fewer calories, and so the amount of energy or You need to consume fewer and fewer calories to keep losing weight.

All this is known as our basic or dormant metabolism, which is directly related to our But other factors also contribute, including our body composition, or the amount of lean muscle versus obesity.

Although the exact number of calories burned by muscle to fat is quite variable among individuals, fat is not particularly metabolically active, meaning that It keeps very few calories keeping fat tissue alive: especially one to two calories per pound per day, compared to muscles, which often a is believed to burn between five and 13 calories per pound per day, according to Binks.

Why body composition is important

At a given body weight someone with a higher amount of lean mass – including connective tissue, muscle and bone – will burn more calories than anyone with less lean mass. Think of an athlete and an athlete with identical body weights; The athlete with a more muscular building will have a higher metabolism.

Similarly, a lean muscular person weighing 120 pounds can have a healthy amount of lean mass and a relatively rapid metabolism. But another 120-pound person can have much less lean mass and more body fat and thus a “slow” metabolism.

It is actually possible to have “obesity overweight” – a term used when referring to a person who seems narrow but who is not very active and therefore has very little muscle mass, Majumdar explains. “We know that someone’s appearance does not tell the whole story and that nutrition and exercise are important for even the naturally thin person to be able to prevent chronic illness,” Majumdar said.

The physical activity

19659002] Our basic or dormant metabolic needs, which are based on body weight, body composition and other factors, address only one variable involved in determining how many calories we burn.

 Weight Loss Can Associate When Not Just What You Eat

Another important determinant of the total amount of calories we burn is the amount of physical activity we engage in. Is not the metabolism itself, but it is important because it can vary widely depending on how active we are and how many calories we need to eat each day to maintain our body weight. In addition to the body composition, it is one of the factors that we can change if we want to lose weight.

“While we may not have control over genetic factors that affect metabolism, physical activity – both through exercise and everyday movements – may account for 15% to 30% of metabolic needs,” Majumdar said.

Here’s something NEAT

Don’t you like to go to the gym for a high-class cycling class? You do not necessarily need as long as you are not seated during periods of time.

NEAT, or non-exercise activity thermogenesis, is the energy used for everything we do that doesn’t sleep, eat or sport like exercise, and it includes walking and fidgeting.

“NEAT can have a significant impact on weight management and vary up to 2000 calories per day for some individuals,” explains Majumdar. In other words, even small movements throughout the day can increase and contribute to your total calorie burn.

Genes count too

Interestingly, our genetic makeup can play a more important role than we believe in determining our body weight. A new study showed that healthy, narrow humans are generally narrow, as they have fewer genetic variants that are known to increase the risk of overweight.

“These people may not have an obvious metabolic difference, but they probably have a genetic makeup so they can eat less or metabolize things differently,” says Dr. Steven Heymsfield, a professor of metabolism and the body composition laboratory at Pennington Biomedical. Research Center, which was not involved in the study. “The gene is stacked to their advantage.”

Bottom line

If you feel your genes are not working for you, the good news is that There are things you can do to increase your metabolism and burn more calories, start by building and maintaining lean body mass, which tends to decrease with age, which can be accomplished by resistance exercises such as weightlifting, Binks explained.

And continue moving, even if it means you get out of your chair every 30 minutes and do a yoga stretch or take a walk around the office.

D

Lisa Drayer is a nutritionist, a writer and a CNN health and nutritionist.


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