PARIS • Increasing birth rates in developing countries contribute to a global baby boom, while women in dozens of richer…
PARIS • Increasing birth rates in developing countries contribute to a global baby boom, while women in dozens of richer countries do not have enough children to keep population levels there, according to figures released yesterday.
A global overview of birth, death and disease rates evaluating thousands of data from country to country also found that heart disease is now the only leading cause of death worldwide.
The Institute for Health Statistics and Evaluation, instituted at the University of Washington by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, used more than 8000 data sources to compile one of the most detailed series of global public health.
Their sources were included in the country’s investigations, social media and open source material.
It found that while the world’s population rose from 2.6 billion in 1
950 to 7.6 billion last year, this growth was deeply uneven depending on region and income.
Nineteen nations, mainly in E urope and North and South America, did not produce enough children to maintain their current populations, while fertility rates continued to grow in Africa and Asia.
Professor of Health Metrics Sciences Ali Mokdad at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation The most important factor for determining population growth was education.
It is in socioeconomic factors but it is a function of the woman’s education … The more a woman is educated … (the longer) she is delaying pregnancy and getting so few children.
PROFESSOR OF HEALTH METRICS SCIENCES ALI MOKDAD, who says that the most important factor for determining population growth is education.
“It’s down to socioeconomic factors, but it’s a function of women’s education,” he says. “The more a woman is educated … (further) she is delaying her pregnancies and fewer children.”
Cyprus was the least-born nation on earth, with the average woman who is only born once in her life. On the other hand, women in Afghanistan, Chad and Mali have on average more than six children.
The United Nations predicts that there will be more more than 10 billion people in the middle of the century. This raises the question of how many people the earth can support.
Prof Mokdad said that while the people of developing countries continue to grow, their economies are also growing. “Countries are expected to get better economically and that’s more It is likely that fertility will decrease and be compared. “
The study, published in The Lancet Medical Journal, also found that male expectation had increased to 71 years from 48 in 1950, while women are now expected to live to 76 compared with 53 in 1950.
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation said heart disease is now the leading cause of death globally. “You see less mortality from infectious diseases as countries get richer, but also more disability as people live longer,” says Prof Mokdad.
“There are some behaviors that lead to an increase in cardiovascular disease and cancer.” Fetma is No. 1 – it increases every year. “